Micro- and Nanomechanical Testing
BaySpec, Inc., founded in 1999 with 100% manufacturing in the USA (San Jose, California), is a vertically integrated spectral sensing company. The company designs, manufactures and markets advanced spectral instruments, including UV-VIS-NIR-SWIR spectrometers, benchtop and portable NIR/SWIR and Raman analyzers, confocal Raman microscopes, hyperspectral imagers, mass spectrometers, and OEM spectral engines and components. R&D Applications include:
Materials: Material characterization is an ideal application area for Raman spectroscopy, due to its high chemical specificity and rapid, non-contact measurement. Solid, liquid, or gaseous, nearly all materials possess a unique Raman spectral fingerprint. The technique can be readily scaled to microscopic approaches, allowing interrogation of extremely small volumes and samples, such as nanomaterials. Characterization of nanomaterials is critical to determining structural and conformational properties. Raman spectroscopy is a highly efficient technique to study the electronic properties, compositions, and mechanical stresses in these materials, all of which can manifest in Raman band shape and frequency shift.
Semiconductor: Raman spectroscopy has proven to be one of the most effective tools for characterization of semiconductor properties and for manufacturing process/quality control because materials such as Si, SiGe, InGaAs, GaAs, GaN, and graphene exhibit precise, distinct Raman bands. Applied in a microscopic approach, the Raman technique has been successfully implemented to determine microstructure composition on thin-films, strain in the multilayer device, and to identify defects across the wafer surface.
Process/Reaction: Unlike conventional UV-Vis and NIR monitoring techniques, Raman spectroscopy provides molecular specificity in real-time measurements of gas, liquid, and solid samples, both natural and synthetic. These attributes are responsible for the emerging reliance on Raman spectroscopy for a number of online process and reaction monitoring applications. Numerous sampling options, including fiber optic probes with long reach and stand-off probes for measuring inside containers and vessels make the technique adaptable to a myriad of environments and conditions.
Surface-Enhanced Raman: Surface-enhanced Raman spectroscopy (SERS) utilizes specialized metal substrates to allow Raman signal enhancement up to 10 orders of magnitude. This phenomenon occurs when the molecules of interest are in very close proximity to the metal substrate, and is generally used for evaporated solutions or particle-surface characterization. The enhanced Raman signal with SERS has extended its applications in many fields, such as biological studies, to quantify trace substances or identify very small structures such as cell surface proteins. Intracellular SERS is also possible, via the injection of metallic nanoparticles, to study internal structures and analytes.
Clemex provides manufacturers and researchers with image analysis software and hardware to make quantification of microstructures less demanding and more effective. We specialize in automating measurement of objects in digital images from and other precision optical devices.
Our strength lies in our ability to achieve a thorough understanding of our clients’ specific applications, leading to a high satisfaction rate among Clemex customers. Major quality control and research labs all over the world use our image analysis solutions to extract meaningful size, shape and volume measurements in applications as varied as particle shape analysis, heat-affected zone (HAZ) measurements in welds, fiber length and morphology, automated microhardness testing, and automated inclusion rating in steel.
ElektroPhysik is one of the leading manufacturers of measuring instruments used for advancing surface technology, research and quality control. Being a pioneer in the field of non-destructive coating thickness measurement, ElektroPhysik, in cooperation with national and international standardizing institutes and universities has successfully advanced new product developments along with international standardization of the coating thickness measurement.
ElektroPhysik privately held company owned and managed by the Steingroever family. It is headquarters are in Köln Germany near the famous Rein River. ElektroPhysik still occupies the original building though it has gone through many expansions over the years to facilitate growth.
ElektroPhysik maintains branch offices including the U.S.A. and is represented by distributors and agents globally in almost every country in the world. It is this network and partnerships that enable ElektroPhysik to service its customers and provide the support required in today’s competitive global marketplace.
The first coating thickness testing gauge was developed by Dr. Steingroever. Utilizing the Magnetic Attraction principle, it was called the MikroTest (still manufactured today and even available in digital display format, it probably remains the most utilized coating thickness testing device utilized, even today) . Magnetic Attraction is a very reliable technique for measuring coatings however its only drawback is that it only works with coatings applied over ferrous materials such as steel and iron.
However, the Magnetic Attraction principle paved the way for the development of analog devices. First using Eddy Current and then later Magnetic Induction, these devices expanded coating thickness testing beyond just corrosion control.
Today all three of these principles are used to non-destructively measure a variety of coatings. Magnetic Attraction is the measuring principle used in the MikroTest, PenTest and MiniPen by ElektroPhysik.
Magnetic Induction is the measuring principle of choice for ferrous metal substrate application while the Eddy Current principle is the measuring principle of choice for non-ferrous metal substrate applications.
Both of these measuring principles are found in the MiniTest family of gauges as well as the eXacto by ElektroPhysik.
More recently ElektroPhysik developed yet another measuring principle primarily for non-metal substrate applications such plastic and wood. The QuintSonic utilizes a high level ultrasound approach which has enabled measurements to be conducted on these types of substrates non-destructively.
On April 20, 2007 ElektroPhysik launched a new model, the MiniTest 700 Series with SIDSP® digital sensor technology.
SIDSP® is an ElektroPhysik exclusive which took years of research and development. SIDSP® stands for Sensor Integrated Digital Signal Processing and the way that works is that entire coating thickness measurement is processed in the sensor at the point of measurement. SIDSP® is unlike previous conventional techniques where an analog signal was generated at the sensor and then that signal would be sent to a host gauge to processing. The vulnerability with that technique was that it was susceptible to environmental influences such as strong electro-magnetic fields and other signal disturbances that could affect the analog signal and therefore the reading.
With more than 60 years of innovation and leadership, FEI enables customers to find meaningful answers to questions that accelerate breakthrough discoveries, increase productivity, and ultimately change the world. FEI designs, manufactures, and supports the broadest range of high-performance microscopy workflows that provide images and answers in the micro-, nano-, and picometer scales.
Combining hardware and software expertise in electron, ion, and light microscopy with deep application knowledge in the materials science, life sciences, electronics, and natural resources markets, the worldwide FEI team of 2,700+ employees is dedicated to customers’ pursuit of discovery and resolution to global challenges.
The FT-MTA02 Micromechanical Testing and Assembly Station is a highly versatile micromechanical testing instrument. Within a few minutes, the instrument can be reconfigured for almost any mechanical testing and manipulation task in the fields of material science, biomaterials testing and micro- and nanosystems characterization.The instrument is designed to perform highly accurate probe-based force-position-time measurements, which enable a large number of testing modes.
Fischer-Cripps Laboratories Pty Ltd is a company first registered in New South Wales, Australia in 1966. The company has a long history of scientific manufacturing and consultancy. In 1999 Dr Cripps took over the UMIS project from Professor Swain at CSIRO and in 2005, the company formally took on the UMIS product as a commercial undertaking. Fischer-Cripps Laboratories redeveloped UMIS with numerous improvements and reduction in price to produce the IBIS nano-indenter. Fischer-Cripps Laboratories is is an independent private company and is not a subsidiary of, or part-owned by, any other company.
Fischer-Cripps Laboratories Pty Ltd has its own well-equipped mechanical and electrical workshops and test laboratory in the northern suburbs of metropolitan Sydney, about 12 kms from the city centre. The team consists of a small number of dedicated professionals who have been with the program for many years and are committed to maintaining our excellent reputation for reliability and precision nano-indentation. Every instrument is handmade in-house on top quality machine tools by qualified craftsmen. Each and every instrument is rigorously tested to ensure that your purchase will work accurately and reliably after installation and for many years to come.
Since 1990, Hegewald & Peschke Mess- und Prüftechnik GmbH has been developing, producing and distributing high-quality machines, components and software solutions for material and component testing.
The product range includes universal testing machines, hardness testers, component and furniture test stands, micro testing systems, special testing solutions, and different length measuring devices for industry and research.
FISCHER is a leading specialist in solutions for coating thickness measurement, material analysis, microhardness and material testing. The company was founded in 1953 by Helmut Fischer
Over 20 per cent of the staff at Fischer in Germany is working in the Research & Development department. Highly qualified engineers, scientists and graduates specialized in physics, chemistry, electronics, technical engineering and informatics are permanently working on new products and techniques. FISCHER develops all products for world markets in Germany and cooperates with universities and research institutes.
Whether painted or electroplated, applied to magnetic or non-magnetic materials you will find the appropriate instrument for precise coating thickness measurements in our large product portfolio.
Electromagnetic methods: Pocket gauges, Handheld gauges, Benchtop units, Probes
X-ray fluorescence method
For exact material analysis, the broad assortment of Fischer X-ray fluorescence instruments (XRF) offers the optimal instrument for any application.
Trace analysis required by RoHS, testing of jewelry and gold or inline measurements in continuous production FISCHERSCOPE X-RAY instruments fulfil the requirements in the laboratory and in manufacturing.
Industry demands that surfaces and coatings are engineered to be very hard, extremely thin or visco-elastic thus requiring powerful measurement methods and systems.
Fischer provides quick, precise and effective measurements of mechanical properties (hardness, modulus, creep, etc.) of micro and nano scale coatings, components, cross-sections, treated and modified surfaces.
The measurement technology of Fischer is sought after and proven when the quality of weld seams is measured in steel constructions or the sealing is determined on anodized facades. This is also true when the coatings are tested on tanks or airplane aluminum structures for fatigue.
Ferrite content measuring instrument
Sealing quality test instrument
Conductivity measuring instrument
We provide high performance environmental solutions for precision instruments. This includes our acoustic enclosures, vibration isolation systems, Faraday cages and site survey tools. We specialize in supporting nanotechnology research.
Materials Science Applications:
Hiden Isochema is a world leader in the design and manufacture of gas and vapor sorption instrumentation for research, development and production applications in surface chemistry and materials science.
The IMI Series offers a multifunctional platform for the study of physisorption, chemisorption and gas absorption by materials, from entry level manometric analyzers to advanced multistream dynamic flow systems with integrated mass spectrometry.
The IGA Series provides fully automated and precise measurement of the magnitude and kinetics of gas or vapor interactions with samples at controlled pressure and temperature. The unique IGA method exploits the relaxation of the sample after pressure or temperature change to simultaneously determine kinetic parameters and equilibrium uptake. IGA systems are recognised instruments of excellence with over 20 years proven performance in many prominent industrial organizations and leading academic research institutes worldwide.
The XEMIS is a high accuracy sorption microbalance for precision weighing in extreme environments. Available as a standalone microbalance or as part of a fully integrated sorption analyzer, the XEMIS provides remarkable flexibility, as well as outstanding weighing stability and accuracy.
The XCS Series provides users with a unique controlled climate for a range of scientific applications.
Intelligent control software performs real-time analysis of environmental conditions, maintaining the composition defined by the user, or following pre-programmed sequences for fully automated control.
The ABR is a dedicated breakthrough analyzer, fully automated and supplied with an integrated close-coupled mass spectrometer.
The ABR is available in a range of configurations to suit research-scale samples, with bed volumes from 2 cc to 20 cc. Up to 6 gas inlets are available as well as a dedicated purge stream. Flow rates are selected to suit the specific applications, and the ABR includes an ultra-low dead volume switching valve. Options include an upgrade for operation at pressures to 50 bar, and an integrated vapor generator module for gas-vapor operation.
The ABR is designed to meet the needs of researchers wishing to characterise the gas separation performance of novel materials such as metal-organic frameworks (MOFs), Zeolitic imidazolate frameworks (ZIFs) and covalent organic frameworks (COFs) without the time or expense of synthesising larger quantities of material. The breakthrough data obtained is complementary to the adsorption-desorption isotherms measured with our IGA, IGAsorp, XEMIS and IMI sorption analyzers.