Metals & Alloys
Through the employment of ultra-low temperatures, 300 Below, Inc. helps its customers improve all kinds of products by realigning the molecular structure of an object, optimally resulting in items which last significantly longer and perform far better than they were previously designed. Our proprietary process uses Deep Cryogenic Tempering, for which we have developed an advanced, computer controlled processing system for reliably treating materials used in multiple industries throughout the world. 300 Below specializes in the science of cryogenics and we engineer various liquid nitrogen (LN2) based cooling and freezing systems to perform what is termed as cryogenic processing.
As our company name implies, we treat metal components and parts at minus 300 degrees Fahrenheit to improve their properties. Computer technology allows us to regulate temperatures to 1/10th of a degree, accurately adjusting temperatures optimal for proper cryogenic treatment (or Cryo-Treatment) in accordance with the mass of the object we are treating. By reducing the temperature of an object to around -300ºF, we seek to manipulate and rearrange its molecular structure without damaging the item. By rearranging the molecular structure of an object, and realigning the molecules so that they become more uniform and evenly spread out, we then change various properties associated with the object, such as its wear resistance.
Perhaps the easiest way to understand what actually happens during the process is to picture a group of people walking around a shopping mall. We take these individuals (the molecules) and cram them into one huddled mass in the parking lot (the freezing process) and hold them there for multiple hours. We then tell this group to take one step out, one at a time, (the thawing process) so that they become equidistant from one another. Depending on the product, we may also add various stages of heat treatment using ovens that we maintain in-house to conquer various other stress factors which we seek to eliminate.
Deep Cryogenic Tempering allows for a significant increase in abrasive wear resistance and durability for many metal-based objects. There are also a few other materials which benefit from the process and we’re always experimenting with companies around the globe to see if we can help improve all sorts of products. The increases we’ve seen in tensile strength, toughness and stability may couple with the release of internal residual stresses for different components, and some metals respond better than others. The typical end results observed by our clients include increased product life, increased durability, reduced breakage, easier cleaning abilities, and some very specific enhancements that are dependent entirely upon the project. Many changes are dependent upon the type of steel or metal used in a product, in addition to how a product was formed or created.
4Wave is the industry leader in thin film nanotechnology material science and products. Our core technology is Ion Beam technology and Biased target technology. 4Wave offers the most advanced and cost efficient technologies for Ion Beam Etching (IBE), Ion Beam deposition sputtering (IBS) and Biased Target Sputtering BTS. 4Wave is the industry leader in the development of thin film processes and applications.
4Wave is a global company with products in North America (US and Canada), Europe and Asia. 4Wave offers products and solutions to various markets including Semiconductor, MEMS (Micro-Electromechanical Systems), Data Storage and thin film optics.
Ion Beam Sputtering Cluster Tool
Laboratory Alloy and Nanolayer System (LANS)
Load Lock Etch System
Planetary Etch System (PSIBE)
Design & Prototyping
Optical Thin Film Coatings
Thin Film Processing
Biased Target Sputtering (BTS)
Direct Ion Beam Deposition
In-Situ Process Monitoring
Ion Assisted Evaporation
Ion Beam Etch
Ion Beam Sputtering
Advent Research Materials is an Oxford-based company that has operated for over 25 years, supplying high purity metals, alloys and polymers to the scientific research community across the globe.
Advent’s purpose is to enable scientists to experiment, innovate and iterate with a wide range of materials throughout the research process. Consequently it aims to provide as much choice as possible to the customer.
Advent operates in a niche market on a global scale. It sells to over 85 countries around the globe, and supplies materials to all the major UK Universities. Our commercial customer base is also extensive, which ensures that Advent’s materials are in use at the forefront of the scientific industry.
Advent is able to differentiate itself from a number of its competitors, as it typically provides all its catalogue items “off the shelf” in a fast, efficient and friendly manner.
AJA International, Inc. was founded in Scituate, Massachusetts, USA in 1989 by William Hale, MBA, BS Physics. The company was established as a supplier of innovative thin film, vacuum and microwave products.
Prior to founding AJA International, Mr. Hale developed numerous sputter systems, ECR systems, and worked extensively in RIE, PECVD, surface analysis and vacuum technology areas ranging from chemical/pharmaceutical to vacuum packaging to UHV/MBE. This experience along with a long experience in international business gave AJA International, Inc. a solid running start.
Within 2 years the company developed the popular ATC Series Sputtering Systems – the first commercial, con-focal, sputter tools with rotating substrates and in-situ tilting magnetron sputter heads. This revolutionary development yielded extremely uniform and controllable depositions of single layers, multi-layers and alloys and has become the most popular R&D sputtering system configuration on the market.
AJA sells its products directly or in cooperation with local agents. All AJA systems are installed by AJA factory personnel whenever possible and factory acceptance and training are highly recommended and welcomed. With over 900 systems and over 7,500 magnetrons shipped worldwide, AJA International, Inc. continues to discover innovative design solutions which are often copied but never equaled as the company truly remains THE CUTTING EDGE IN THIN FILM TECHNOLOGY.
Ion Mill Systems
Alfa Aesar, a member of Thermo Fisher Scientific, is a leading manufacturer and supplier of research chemicals, metals and materials for a wide span of applications.
Look to Alfa Aesar for fine and specialty chemicals produced and packaged to your specifications. With over 50 years of production experience, our custom capabilities are unsurpassed.
By combining the research chemical expertise of Alfa Aesar and the specialist nanoparticle manufacturing capabilities of Cerion, we have joined forces to offer you an exclusive program – Nanoparticle Design Services.
Metals and Materials:
Windows and Spheres
Fuel Cell Products
Metal Scavenger Products
Precious Metals & Catalysts
Angstrom Sun Technologies Inc. is a privately held company, headquartered in Boston, USA. The focus of company is to provide a series of cost-effective optical solutions for characterizing thin film thickness, thick coating thickness, their optical properties (refractive index N and extinction coefficient K), surface and interface behavior, alloy concentrations and their uniformities across surface.
Affordable, low cost, but advanced and high performance tools, including spectroscopic reflectometer, microspectrophotometer, microreflectometer, film thickness mapping system, simple desktop film thickness station, and automatic variable angle spectroscopic ellipsometers, offer a way to probe film stacks nondestructively and precisely. In addition, Angstrom Sun Technologies Inc. also delivers advanced analytical services for characterizing thin films, thick coatings and complicated layer stacks.
Angstrom Sun Technologies Inc. designs and manufactures all TFProbe tools in a facility located in Boston, USA. TFProbe tools are sold and distributed by international sales networks.
With performance and professional support as our mission, Angstrom has established a worldwide customer base since 2002, including well-known education institutions, government agencies and Fortune 500 companies, such as NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Seoul National University, NanoTech Center (CESTM) at SUNY, Columbia University, Hewlett-Packard Co., Lockheed Martin Co., General Electric (GE), Corning Inc., Bell Laboratories, Johnson-Johnson, Mylan Technologies, Applied Materials (AMAT), Lam Research, Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology(SAIT), and MIT Lincoln Laboratory.
Thin Film Mapping Systems
Integrated In-line Metrology
NanoMaterials Ltd. (Apnano) was established in 2002 and after its acquisition in 2013 became a fully owned subsidiary of the leading American company Nanotech Industrial Solutions, Inc. (NIS). NanoMaterials specializes in development and production of inorganic, multi-layered nanofullerenes and nanotubes, based on exclusively patented platform technology developed at the Weizmann Institute of Science.
These tungsten disulfide (WS2) based nanomaterials opened up new possibilities for developing extreme performance lubricants, coatings and polymer composites. The composition and morphology of these materials create a unique mechanism of friction-induced tribofilm release. The exfoliated nanoparticles attach to working-surfaces, fill in wear crevices and coat working surfaces with a continuous super-lubrication layer. This “surface reconditioning” effect was instrumental in the successful development of NIS’s Corp, award winning NanoLub® family of Extreme Pressure (EP) Anti-Wear (AW) and Anti-Friction (AF) lubrication additives. The Company’s R&D department is involved in extensive research and testing for additional WS2 based applications in the field of lubricants, coatings and polymer composites for such industries as defense, mining and metalworking.
NanoMaterials’ inorganic nano-particles can be incorporated into polymer matrices to increase their strength and fracture toughness, and enhance their tribological and thermal properties.
NanoMaterials’ multi-layered WS? nano-particles tackle one of the key problems of carbon nano-tubes, which is high rates of defects and agglomeration that translate to problematic dispersability.
After its foundation in 1988, ASCONA has become a specialist in optical profile measuring technology and is now internationally renowned in this sector.
Both the software and the optical measuring systems are developed and produced by ASCONA itself.
More than 300 system installations in the aluminium, plastics, rubber, metal and electronics sector are convincing proof of our competence.
We have set the focus of our activities on optical profile measuring technology and this is why we have accumulated a unique know-how in this speciality sector. Our software PROMEX CONTROL and the horizontal projection process for profile measurement are only some of the results.
Gaining an ever improved understanding of sample properties – this is what drives materials research in academia and industry. Whether you aim for fundamental understanding in materials science or want to improve the composition of future materials for energy storage or metals lightweight construction: ZEISS systems are designed to provide you all the data you need. Get to results fast with comprehensive workflow solutions for multi-modal, multi-scale microscopy and analysis from 2D to 3D to 4D.
Our IOPLAS-IITM ion-assisted deposition processes give us the flexibility to apply coatings at low temperatures for plastic fibers and other delicate substrates. We can also generate coatings with greater packing densities to handle very high laser damage thresholds. To add to these capabilities, Cascade Optical has also developed manufacturing processes to apply our coatings to; plastics, polymers, semi-conductors, lenses, mirrors, crystals, metals (even diamond-turned surfaces), and ceramics.
We offer quality products with high yields to lower our production costs. Additionally, we offer very short lead times: typically one to two weeks. Our engineering department can provide you with our design-for-manufacture expertise. In most cases we can get you on the right track in just one or two phone calls.
We do a good deal of innovative coating development to support our relationships with the research community of National Labs, Universities, and NASA related organizations.
Our IOPLAS-IITM ion-assisted deposition processes give us the flexibility to apply coatings at low