Solar Cell Technology

Address: 100 Cummings Center, Suite 440C, Beverly, MA 01915, USA
Long Business Description:

At Applied Photophysics, we are committed to progress. Everything we do is done because we believe it will make a difference, that in the hands of our customers, it will advance scientific knowledge and understanding, and have a wider societal impact. We challenge entrenched views, encourage fresh ideas and incorporate the best of them in our products.
Since its creation in 1971 by The Royal Institution of Great Britain under the leadership of Nobel Prize-winning Lord Porter, Applied Photophysics has remained at the forefront of the technologies of circular dichroism, stopped-flow kinetics and laser flash photolysis.

Instruments:
Quantitative Circular Dichroism: qCD
Stopped-Flow Spectrometry
Laser Flash Photolysis

Polymer Applications:
Interest in conjugated polymers used in e.g. photovoltaic cells has grown over recent years and there is considerable interest in advancing organic photovoltaic devices (OPV) by systematic optimisation of device processing conditions and development of new materials. The use of laser flash photolysis in the near infrared region allows direct monitoring of photogenerated charges.
Charge photogeneration at donor/acceptor heterojunctions is the basis of the function of organic solar cells. Extensive attempts are currently being made to improve OPVs. A clear understanding of OPVs is crucial for systematic optimisation of processing conditions and the choice and development of materials employed. A blend of P3HT and PCBM is involved in one of the highest efficiency solar cells to date. The yield and lifetime of the generated charges can be measured using transient absorbance spectroscopy.

Business Website Address: https://www.photophysics.com/
Business Phone or Fax: Tel: +1 978 473 7477
Address: 21 Mole Business Park, Leatherhead, Surrey KT22 7BA, UK
Long Business Description:

At Applied Photophysics, we are committed to progress. Everything we do is done because we believe it will make a difference, that in the hands of our customers, it will advance scientific knowledge and understanding, and have a wider societal impact. We challenge entrenched views, encourage fresh ideas and incorporate the best of them in our products.
Since its creation in 1971 by The Royal Institution of Great Britain under the leadership of Nobel Prize-winning Lord Porter, Applied Photophysics has remained at the forefront of the technologies of circular dichroism, stopped-flow kinetics and laser flash photolysis.

Instruments:
Quantitative Circular Dichroism: qCD
Stopped-Flow Spectrometry
Laser Flash Photolysis

Polymer Applications:
Interest in conjugated polymers used in e.g. photovoltaic cells has grown over recent years and there is considerable interest in advancing organic photovoltaic devices (OPV) by systematic optimisation of device processing conditions and development of new materials. The use of laser flash photolysis in the near infrared region allows direct monitoring of photogenerated charges.
Charge photogeneration at donor/acceptor heterojunctions is the basis of the function of organic solar cells. Extensive attempts are currently being made to improve OPVs. A clear understanding of OPVs is crucial for systematic optimisation of processing conditions and the choice and development of materials employed. A blend of P3HT and PCBM is involved in one of the highest efficiency solar cells to date. The yield and lifetime of the generated charges can be measured using transient absorbance spectroscopy.

Business Website Address: https://www.photophysics.com/
Arradiance, LLC, Sudbury MA, USA
Address: 142 North Rd., Ste. F-150, Sudbury, MA 01776, USA
Long Business Description:

Founded in 2003, Arradiance® combines unique talents in material science, charged particle physics, equipment design, modeling, simulation, vacuum technology, and metrology providing world class application of Atomic Layer Deposition(ALD) and Plasma Enhanced Deposition(PEALD) to the GEMStar XT product line.

With a concentration in Atomic Layer Deposition, charged particle physics and amplification, Arradiance is the first to develop and demonstrate the capability of producing high gain, low noise, and long life micro channel amplifiers. Using Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD) materials and equipment, Arradiance offers a new approach to electron amplification devices replacing the legacy traditional lead-glass/hydrogen firing process developed in 1960’s currently used for all state-of-the-art MCP applications.

Arradiance Atomic Layer Deposition (ALD) technology enables research in many areas:
MCP (Micro Channel Plate) Electron Amplification
Catalysis Systems
Medical Imaging
Space Sciences
Solar Cells
Night Vision
Alternative Energy
Thermal and Fast Neutron Detection

Business Website Address: http://www.arradiance.com
Address: 19 Shea Way, Newark, DE 19713 , USA
Long Business Description:

Since B&W Tek’s establishment in 1997, we’ve grown into an industry-leading, total solutions provider coupling our core technologies with custom design and manufacturing capabilities. We are an advanced instrumentation company producing optical spectroscopy and laser instrumentation, as well as laboratory, portable and handheld Raman spectrometer systems. Since our inception, we’ve been providing Raman spectroscopy, modular spectrometer and laser solutions for the pharmaceutical, biomedical, physical, chemical, LED lighting and research communities.

With an extensive variety of products and accessories, we’re able to take an assortment of ready-to-use, off-the-shelf modular components and combine them to form your complete spectroscopy solution. Countless applications can be performed by combining any variety of our lasers, spectrometers, sampling accessories, and software packages – all which are designed and built by our own staff. This commitment to vertical integration has made B&W Tek an industry leading OEM/OED provider of laser, Raman and NIR systems.

B&W Tek is the worldwide leader in Raman spectrometer manufacturing with over 10,000 spectroscopy solutions delivered. Our complete line of high performance laboratory, portable and handheld Raman spectrometers sets us apart with solutions for the classroom to the research lab to the loading dock. Our extensive knowledge and cutting edge technology in the field of Raman spectroscopy has allowed us to focus on solution-oriented products that are designed for non-specialists and provide easy, rapid measurements in a matter of minutes.

B&W Tek boasts one of the most comprehensive lines of UV, Vis and NIR spectrometer modules on the market. Combined with our wide selection of spectroscopy accessories, B&W Tek offers you nearly limitless utility. Some of the most common applications of modular spectroscopy include reflectance, absorption, transmission and emission. All of our UV, Vis, and NIR spectrometers can also be configured to measure absolute irradiance, making them ideal for LED and solar applications. We also boast the smallest TE Cooled linear CCD array spectrometer on the market, ideal for your applications that require low light level detection and long integration, such as Raman and fluorescence.

We also feature a unique array of NIR and broadband fiber coupled spectrophotometers offering spectral coverage from as low as 350nm to as high as 2550nm. By coupling these visible and NIR spectrophotometers with various sampling accessories, they can be configured for a variety of applications such as transmission, reflected color and NIR vibrational spectroscopy.

Innovative solutions for your application needs
B&W Tek is an advanced instrumentation company producing optical spectroscopy and laser instrumentation, as well as laboratory, portable and handheld Raman systems. We provide spectroscopy and laser solutions for the pharmaceutical, biomedical, physical, chemical, LED lighting and research communities.

Business Website Address: http://bwtek.com/
Business Phone or Fax: Fax: (302) 368-7830
Address: 8701 Mallard Creek Rd, Charlotte, NC, 28262, USA
Long Business Description:

Blue Nano is a nanomaterials manufacturer that develops high quality, cost effective and reliable nano-focused industrial solutions in the highest volumes available anywhere. We serve universities, independent research labs and OEM manufacturers in a wide variety of sectors ranging from automotive to energy to healthcare.

Blue Nano’s scientists have developed a process to produce higher quantities of nanomaterials at higher qualities than current manufacturing methods. This process is unique to Blue Nano, and dramatically different and much lower cost than traditional nanomaterials production (which is slow, wasteful, high-cost and capital-intensive).

We can produce significantly higher quantities of nanomaterials than our closest competitors. In addition, Blue Nano provides the highest quality nanomaterials available anywhere.

Blue Nano serves OEM manufacturers, independent research labs, and universities across the globe. Companies from Europe, Asia and North America are successfully using Blue Nano’s products and technical services to further enhance consumer products.

Blue Nano provides wide-ranging selections of nanomaterials and nano-focused solutions for end-user products in a wide variety of industries, including energy, automotive, electronics, chemical, materials and medical. In particular, we have placed an emphasis on cutting-edge clean energy products for solar cells, lithium ion batteries and a variety of chemical and fuel cell catalysts.

Business Website Address: http://www.bluenanoinc.com/
Business Phone or Fax: Fax 1 (980) 939 6238
Address: 100 Indel Avenue, Rancocas, NJ 08073-0156, USA
Long Business Description:

Consarc is an Inductotherm Group Company with over 40 years of technical experience specializing in design, and manufacture of a wide range of advanced vacuum and controlled atmosphere furnaces for the processing of metals, specialty alloys, and engineered materials. These furnaces include:
Vacuum Arc Remelting (VAR)
Electroslag Remelting (ESR)
Vacuum Induction Melting (VIM)
Vacuum Precision Investment Casting (VPIC)
Induction Skull Melting (ISM)
Induction Vacuum Ladle (IVL)
Vacuum Brazing
Vacuum De-Oiling
Vacuum Heating
Vacuum Furnaces for melting and solidifying solar grade silicon
Custom Designed Vacuum and Controlled Atmosphere Furnaces to suit unique processes and applications

Business Website Address: http://www.consarc.com/
Address: 355 South Technology Drive, Central Islip, NY 11722, USA
Long Business Description:

CVD Equipment Corporation designs, develops, and manufactures process equipment solutions for R&D, pilot, and production applications. Our products include a complete array of turnkey solutions such as chemical vapor deposition systems, gas & liquid delivery cabinets, gas panels, and related gas abatement systems. CVD Equipment Corporation’s headquarters and application laboratory are located on Long Island, New York, USA:

Designs, develops, and manufactures: custom and standard Chemical Vapor Deposition systems.
Recognized leader: a key equipment provider to industry; blue-chip companies; innovative startups; leading university, industrial, and government research laboratories for over 30 years.
Proprietary edge: a significant library of homegrown solutions and know-how for intricate processes across a broad range of applications in aerospace, medical, semiconductor, solar, glass coating, nanomaterials, superconducting materials, etc.
Vertically integrated: design and manufacturing enables rapid system development. We procure raw materials & components and deliver finished systems.
Turnkey systems: includes instrumentation, process control software, gas delivery, process chambers, vacuum systems, and exhaust abatement equipment.
Application laboratory: product and material development.

Business Website Address: https://www.cvdequipment.com/
Business Phone or Fax: Tel: +1 631.981.7081
Address: 1259 North Church St. Bldg 3, Moorestown, NJ 08057, USA
Long Business Description:

Denton Vacuum transforms barriers into thin-film technology breakthroughs for customers across the globe in providing vacuum deposition systems. With operations in the United States and China, Denton engineers, designs and develops systems that precision-coat aerospace components, advanced optics, medical implants, solar cells, semiconductor devices and much more. Denton’s technology portfolio includes thermal evaporation, ion beam etching, ion-beam-assisted evaporation, plasma-enhanced-chemical-vapor deposition (PECVD), and ion-beam-assisted deposition (IBAD) and e-beam evaporation and magnetron sputtering system (including reactive sputtering). Denton also provides value-added services and lifetime support that set new industry standards. Fifty years of tireless innovation have produced robust offerings ranging from high-volume production platforms to unique custom-engineered systems.

Techniques
Ion Beam Assisted Deposition
Ion Beam Deposition
Ion Beam Etchning
PECVD
PVD
Magnetron Sputtering
Reactive Beam Etch
Sputtering
Thermal Evaporation

Business Website Address: http://www.dentonvacuum.com
Address: 8860 207th Street, Minneapolis, MN 55044, USA
Long Business Description:

Despatch Industries has specialized in thermal processing for over 100 years and is actively using this technical expertise to provide innovative solutions to critical applications in a broad range of markets and cutting edge technology worldwide. The company has three dedicated business groups to meet the demands of the thermal, solar and carbon fiber markets. This focused commitment has allowed Despatch to become the leading equipment provider in these rapidly expanding industries.
Despatch manufactures a variety of ovens for heat treating synthetic materials such as: thermoset plastics, adhesives, paints and powder coats, rubber and many others. Common applications include: Annealing – removes stresses and increases material strength; Curing – helps materials to cross-link and retain defect-free characteristics; Drying – provides a faster liquid removal from the material; Hardening – increases the strength of the material for better resistance to wear.
Composite materials are becoming the material of choice for industries such as aerospace, automotive, wind energy, sports and recreation and industrial construction. Carbon fiber composites provide an exceptionally strong and lightweight material needed for reduced energy consumption and durability.
Despatch provides an advanced out-of-autoclave solution to the challenging composite curing process. Despatch composite curing ovens provide uniflow airflow which delivers heated air from both sides of the chamber for uniform operating temperatures. The ovens can be custom designed for an airflow that is best suited to provide the fastest, most uniform heat-up time for any product.
Despatch offers complete vacuum bagging systems with up to 24 vacuum ports. Jack panels allow connection to as many thermocouples as needed for monitoring the curing process. Mold preparation, including preheating, drying and cleaning processes can also be provided.
A control system is available to fully control your vacuum bagging process. A PC software package is utilized to record all the necessary information relating to your thermocouples, vacuum transducers, temperatures, Hi-limits, user access and all related alarms. This system allows full control and ensures parts are reliable and cured to specification.
Despatch provides laboratory ovens for testing and analyzing materials such as asphalt, polymers, composites, paint and other coatings. Testing is used to define material characteristics, detecting defects and failure susceptibility. Despatch ovens are highly uniform and repeatable with extremely tight temperature tolerances for consistent testing. For simple applications such as heating soil and asphalt samples prior to quality testing the LBB forced convection oven, with its fast heat-up rates and short processing times, is a popular choice. For more sophisticated testing, choose an oven with the microprocessor based Protocol 3TM controller. It provides simple and flexible operation and can be paired with monitoring and data logging software for detailed reporting of oven process data.

Despatch has over 40 years of experience as the industry’s leading provider of carbon fiber manufacturing equipment and process technology solutions. Manufacturers have utilized our high-performance oxidation technology to produce the best quality and most uniform fiber, at the lowest cost. In the carbon fiber market, we offer everything from fully integrated carbon fiber manufacturing lines, to small benchtop fiber splicing ovens.

Business Website Address: www.despatch.eu/industrial-ovens
Address: 805 West Central Blvd, Orlando, FL 32805, USA
Long Business Description:

ER Precision Optical (ERPOC), incorporated in March of 1992, is a diverse materials and precision optics manufacturing company located in downtown Orlando. ERPOC provides custom infrared materials and precision optical components to the defense & aerospace, semiconductor, solar, electronics and medical markets.
The ONLY U.S. manufacturing facility providing germanium and silicon crystals to meet your most advanced IR applications. We are ISO certified, ITAR compliant, Small Business / HUBZone classified to benefit government supplier requirements. ERPOC provides competitive prices with the shortest lead times.
The new ERPOC has installed the latest state-of-the-art precision tooling and advanced metrology tools which enable us to maximize our machining capabilities, minimize production costs and provide you the assurance that we meet your tightest specifications on all the materials and parts we deliver.

ER Precision Optical has invested significantly the past year in our new expansion in crystal growing. We are now fully functional with four crystal pullers and have more than doubled our capacity. Our new expansion specializes in optical grade Germanium and silicon. We also offer semiconductor or electronic grade and solar grade silicon. Materials are available in full ingot form, generated blanks, or as finished product. We have CofCs available for all our material upon request to assure your specifications are met.

Business Website Address: http://www.eroptics.com/