Through the employment of ultra-low temperatures, 300 Below, Inc. helps its customers improve all kinds of products by realigning the molecular structure of an object, optimally resulting in items which last significantly longer and perform far better than they were previously designed. Our proprietary process uses Deep Cryogenic Tempering, for which we have developed an advanced, computer controlled processing system for reliably treating materials used in multiple industries throughout the world. 300 Below specializes in the science of cryogenics and we engineer various liquid nitrogen (LN2) based cooling and freezing systems to perform what is termed as cryogenic processing.
As our company name implies, we treat metal components and parts at minus 300 degrees Fahrenheit to improve their properties. Computer technology allows us to regulate temperatures to 1/10th of a degree, accurately adjusting temperatures optimal for proper cryogenic treatment (or Cryo-Treatment) in accordance with the mass of the object we are treating. By reducing the temperature of an object to around -300ºF, we seek to manipulate and rearrange its molecular structure without damaging the item. By rearranging the molecular structure of an object, and realigning the molecules so that they become more uniform and evenly spread out, we then change various properties associated with the object, such as its wear resistance.
Perhaps the easiest way to understand what actually happens during the process is to picture a group of people walking around a shopping mall. We take these individuals (the molecules) and cram them into one huddled mass in the parking lot (the freezing process) and hold them there for multiple hours. We then tell this group to take one step out, one at a time, (the thawing process) so that they become equidistant from one another. Depending on the product, we may also add various stages of heat treatment using ovens that we maintain in-house to conquer various other stress factors which we seek to eliminate.
Deep Cryogenic Tempering allows for a significant increase in abrasive wear resistance and durability for many metal-based objects. There are also a few other materials which benefit from the process and we’re always experimenting with companies around the globe to see if we can help improve all sorts of products. The increases we’ve seen in tensile strength, toughness and stability may couple with the release of internal residual stresses for different components, and some metals respond better than others. The typical end results observed by our clients include increased product life, increased durability, reduced breakage, easier cleaning abilities, and some very specific enhancements that are dependent entirely upon the project. Many changes are dependent upon the type of steel or metal used in a product, in addition to how a product was formed or created.
Aremco’ Equipment Division manufactures a series of high reliability equipment for the electronics, ceramics and metallurgical industries including: (1)Screen Printers for thick-film microelectronics, liquid crystal displays, brazing, and photovoltaics; and (2) Furnaces for heat treating, assaying and powder metallurgy.
Aremco’s advanced material division is a leader in the development and production of technical ceramics, adhesives, coatings, sealants and potting compounds for applications to 3200 ºF. These materials are used throughout industry in the design of sensors, electrical components and analytical instruments. Industries served include automotive, aerospace, chemical processing, metallurgical, power generation and semiconductor.
Aremco’s Crystalbond and Wafer-Mount adhesives are ideal materials for temporarily mounting products that require dicing, polishing, and other machining processes. These adhesives exhibit high bond strength and adhere readily to metals, glass and ceramics. When processing is complete, reheating and cleaning with one of Aremco’s environmentally friendly cleaning agents removes these adhesives.
Centorr/Vacuum Industries is a vacuum furnace manufacturer based in Nashua, NH. They have achieved their position of technical leadership in the advanced design high-temperature vacuum furnaces and control atmosphere furnaces by delivering innovative solutions to challenging high temperature materials processing problems.
Standard vacuum furnaces are available for high temperature sintering, hot pressing for powder compaction or diffusion bonding, vacuum heat treating, precision vacuum brazing, and thermal heat treatment. These designs are augmented by specialized, custom-designed vacuum furnaces for chemical vapor deposition, Graphitization, Graphite Purification, and induction melting. These techniques and processes are used worldwide for a wide range of metal and ceramic materials at various stages during conversion from raw materials to finished product.
High Temperature Vacuum and Controlled Atmosphere Furnaces for Research:
Complete systems ready to ship
Standard furnace designs
Customized furnace designs
Advanced prototype systems
Furnace System Capabilities:
Advanced prototype systems
Complete systems ready to ship
Standard furnace designs
Customized furnace designs
Advanced prototype systems
Lab furnaces by CM Furnaces feature temperatures up to 1800°C and sealed designs that support atmosphere control necessary for advanced processes including heat treating, sintering, annealing, glass or ceramic firing, calcining, and most reductive and reactive processes.Many standard box chamber sizes from 48 to 4096 cubic inches with larger sizes customizable.
CM Rapid Temp Series laboratory furnaces and kilns in various configurations.
Configurations of CM Laboratory Furnaces include:
Front Loading Box Furnace (FL)
Bottom Loading Box Furnace (BL)
Thermal Cycling Box Furnace
Gas-Sealed Box Furnace (FL)
Horizontal Tube Furnace (HTF)
Vertical Tube Furnace (VTF)
Additionally CM furnaces maintains a strong custom engineering team capable of modifying your lab furnace to highly individual specs, or adding common options like chimney’s, view ports, gas injectors, or advanced thermal control capabilities.
Industrial Batch Furnaces
Resources / Industry Links
Coils & Filaments
Parts & Service
Despatch Industries has specialized in thermal processing for over 100 years and is actively using this technical expertise to provide innovative solutions to critical applications in a broad range of markets and cutting edge technology worldwide. The company has three dedicated business groups to meet the demands of the thermal, solar and carbon fiber markets. This focused commitment has allowed Despatch to become the leading equipment provider in these rapidly expanding industries.
Despatch manufactures a variety of ovens for heat treating synthetic materials such as: thermoset plastics, adhesives, paints and powder coats, rubber and many others. Common applications include: Annealing removes stresses and increases material strength; Curing helps materials to cross-link and retain defect-free characteristics; Drying provides a faster liquid removal from the material; Hardening increases the strength of the material for better resistance to wear.
Composite materials are becoming the material of choice for industries such as aerospace, automotive, wind energy, sports and recreation and industrial construction. Carbon fiber composites provide an exceptionally strong and lightweight material needed for reduced energy consumption and durability.
Despatch provides an advanced out-of-autoclave solution to the challenging composite curing process. Despatch composite curing ovens provide uniflow airflow which delivers heated air from both sides of the chamber for uniform operating temperatures. The ovens can be custom designed for an airflow that is best suited to provide the fastest, most uniform heat-up time for any product.
Despatch offers complete vacuum bagging systems with up to 24 vacuum ports. Jack panels allow connection to as many thermocouples as needed for monitoring the curing process. Mold preparation, including preheating, drying and cleaning processes can also be provided.
A control system is available to fully control your vacuum bagging process. A PC software package is utilized to record all the necessary information relating to your thermocouples, vacuum transducers, temperatures, Hi-limits, user access and all related alarms. This system allows full control and ensures parts are reliable and cured to specification.
Despatch provides laboratory ovens for testing and analyzing materials such as asphalt, polymers, composites, paint and other coatings. Testing is used to define material characteristics, detecting defects and failure susceptibility. Despatch ovens are highly uniform and repeatable with extremely tight temperature tolerances for consistent testing. For simple applications such as heating soil and asphalt samples prior to quality testing the LBB forced convection oven, with its fast heat-up rates and short processing times, is a popular choice. For more sophisticated testing, choose an oven with the microprocessor based Protocol 3TM controller. It provides simple and flexible operation and can be paired with monitoring and data logging software for detailed reporting of oven process data.
Despatch has over 40 years of experience as the industry’s leading provider of carbon fiber manufacturing equipment and process technology solutions. Manufacturers have utilized our high-performance oxidation technology to produce the best quality and most uniform fiber, at the lowest cost. In the carbon fiber market, we offer everything from fully integrated carbon fiber manufacturing lines, to small benchtop fiber splicing ovens.
Dynamic Systems manufactures the Gleeble® line of thermal-mechanical physical simulators. Samples of material are heated and mechanically worked while performance parameters are measured and analyzed, providing a cost effective way to physically simulate high temperature processes and applications at a far lower cost than full scale tests.
Process simulation capabilities include: Hot Rolling, Continuous Casting, Recrystallization, Weld HAZ Cycles, Butt Welding, Diffusion Bonding, Mushy Zone Processing, Forging, Extrusion, Continuous Strip Annealing, Heat Treating, Quenching and more.
More information on Gleeble Systems can be found on the company website: www.Gleeble.com.
INFICON is a leading provider of innovative instrumentation, critical sensor technologies, and advanced process control software that enhance productivity and quality in sophisticated industrial vacuum processes. These analysis, measurement and control products are essential for gas leak detection in air conditioning/refrigeration and automotive manufacturing. They are vital to equipment manufacturers and end-users in the complex fabrication of semiconductors and thin film coatings for optics, flat panel displays, solar cells and industrial vacuum coating applications. Other users of our vacuum-based processes include the life sciences, research, aerospace, packaging, heat treatment, laser cutting and many other industrial processes. We also leverage our expertise in vacuum technology to provide unique, toxic chemical analysis products for emergency response, security, and environmental health and safety.
INFICON is headquartered in Switzerland and has world-class manufacturing facilities in Europe, the United States and China, as well as subsidiaries in China, Finland, France, Germany, India, Italy, Japan, Korea, Liechtenstein, Singapore, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, the United Kingdom and the United States.
IVI has been designing and manufacturing a vast array of High Tech, High Vacuum Controlled Atmosphere Processing Systems and Facilities since 1969.
Our experience in providing high quality systems for this extended period of time covers a wide variety of Process Solutions for many disciplines. Our highly advanced and complete control systems simplify the most complex processes with integration of control and information.
IVI’s multi-faceted technology experience, over the last five decades, will provide an ideal R & D or Production Tool to solve your requirement. We have provided convenient Coating-IVD-PVD-Sputtering and Furnace Process Questionnaires to aid in identifying your requirements.
Ion Vapor Deposition IVD
R&D Materials Processing Tools
Forensic Fingerprint Vacuum Metal Deposition
Organic Light Emitting Device (OLED) Processing
Physical Vapor Deposition (PVD) Sputtering
Vacuum Components & Power Supplies
Controlled Atmosphere Furnace
Vacuum Arc Melting Furnaces
Vacuum Brazing Furnaces
Vacuum Diffusion Bonding Furnaces
Vacuum Induction Melting and Casting Furnaces
Vacuum Sintering & Heat Treating Furnaces
JPW Industrial Ovens & Furnaces, located in the Williamsport area, makes custom-made industrial ovens. Our Lab, Bench, Walk In, Cabinet and Custom-made Industrial Ovens are crafted to suit our customers’ needs. We offer design, prototyping, welding and assembly.
JPW Industrial Ovens & Furnaces has over 100 years of experience serving industrial markets with innovative oven products, design solutions and competitive services. We are skilled at finding solutions and crafting each oven to suit your unique needs, while keeping you competitive in the marketplace.
Cont. Process Ovens
Heat Treating Ovens
k-Space Associates, Inc. is a leading manufacturer of in situ, in-line, and ex situ metrology tools for the semiconductor, thin-film, and photovoltaic (PV) industries. Our tools are used for monitoring nearly all thin-film deposition processes, including MBE, MOCVD, PLD, PVD, sputtering, and evaporation. Incorporated in 1992 and driven to supply the best technical support in the industry, our tools are used worldwide in both research and full production monitoring of semiconductor, PV, thin-film deposition, annealing, and processing applications.
kSA products measure important parameters such as temperature, deposition rate, film thickness, stress, curvature, bow, reflectivity, surface roughness, and many other material properties. These are measured in real-time by utilizing probes such as lasers, white light, UV light sources, and electron beams to investigate thin-films and substrates at an atomic level. Our thin-film analysis tools are used to extract real-time information from today’s most advanced deposition and processing applications within compound semiconductor, silicon semiconductor and photovoltaic advanced thin film production and R&D.
Sophisticated software analysis and reporting capabilities provide information to better understand tomorrow’s electronic and optoelectronic devices or to provide online control during mass production to enhance yield. Tailored optics and fully integrated solutions have been designed for simple mounting and non-invasive monitoring of advanced deposition processes such as:
Ex Situ Characterization