Photovoltaics

Address: 100 Cummings Center, Suite 440C, Beverly, MA 01915, USA
Long Business Description:

At Applied Photophysics, we are committed to progress. Everything we do is done because we believe it will make a difference, that in the hands of our customers, it will advance scientific knowledge and understanding, and have a wider societal impact. We challenge entrenched views, encourage fresh ideas and incorporate the best of them in our products.
Since its creation in 1971 by The Royal Institution of Great Britain under the leadership of Nobel Prize-winning Lord Porter, Applied Photophysics has remained at the forefront of the technologies of circular dichroism, stopped-flow kinetics and laser flash photolysis.

Instruments:
Quantitative Circular Dichroism: qCD
Stopped-Flow Spectrometry
Laser Flash Photolysis

Polymer Applications:
Interest in conjugated polymers used in e.g. photovoltaic cells has grown over recent years and there is considerable interest in advancing organic photovoltaic devices (OPV) by systematic optimisation of device processing conditions and development of new materials. The use of laser flash photolysis in the near infrared region allows direct monitoring of photogenerated charges.
Charge photogeneration at donor/acceptor heterojunctions is the basis of the function of organic solar cells. Extensive attempts are currently being made to improve OPVs. A clear understanding of OPVs is crucial for systematic optimisation of processing conditions and the choice and development of materials employed. A blend of P3HT and PCBM is involved in one of the highest efficiency solar cells to date. The yield and lifetime of the generated charges can be measured using transient absorbance spectroscopy.

Business Website Address: https://www.photophysics.com/
Business Phone or Fax: Tel: +1 978 473 7477
Address: 21 Mole Business Park, Leatherhead, Surrey KT22 7BA, UK
Long Business Description:

At Applied Photophysics, we are committed to progress. Everything we do is done because we believe it will make a difference, that in the hands of our customers, it will advance scientific knowledge and understanding, and have a wider societal impact. We challenge entrenched views, encourage fresh ideas and incorporate the best of them in our products.
Since its creation in 1971 by The Royal Institution of Great Britain under the leadership of Nobel Prize-winning Lord Porter, Applied Photophysics has remained at the forefront of the technologies of circular dichroism, stopped-flow kinetics and laser flash photolysis.

Instruments:
Quantitative Circular Dichroism: qCD
Stopped-Flow Spectrometry
Laser Flash Photolysis

Polymer Applications:
Interest in conjugated polymers used in e.g. photovoltaic cells has grown over recent years and there is considerable interest in advancing organic photovoltaic devices (OPV) by systematic optimisation of device processing conditions and development of new materials. The use of laser flash photolysis in the near infrared region allows direct monitoring of photogenerated charges.
Charge photogeneration at donor/acceptor heterojunctions is the basis of the function of organic solar cells. Extensive attempts are currently being made to improve OPVs. A clear understanding of OPVs is crucial for systematic optimisation of processing conditions and the choice and development of materials employed. A blend of P3HT and PCBM is involved in one of the highest efficiency solar cells to date. The yield and lifetime of the generated charges can be measured using transient absorbance spectroscopy.

Business Website Address: https://www.photophysics.com/
Address: 707 Executive Blvd., Valley Cottage, NY 10989, USA
Long Business Description:

Aremco’ Equipment Division manufactures a series of high reliability equipment for the electronics, ceramics and metallurgical industries including: (1)Screen Printers for thick-film microelectronics, liquid crystal displays, brazing, and photovoltaics; and (2) Furnaces for heat treating, assaying and powder metallurgy.
Aremco’s advanced material division is a leader in the development and production of technical ceramics, adhesives, coatings, sealants and potting compounds for applications to 3200 ºF. These materials are used throughout industry in the design of sensors, electrical components and analytical instruments. Industries served include automotive, aerospace, chemical processing, metallurgical, power generation and semiconductor.

Aremco’s Crystalbond™ and Wafer-Mount™ adhesives are ideal materials for temporarily mounting products that require dicing, polishing, and other machining processes. These adhesives exhibit high bond strength and adhere readily to metals, glass and ceramics. When processing is complete, reheating and cleaning with one of Aremco’s environmentally friendly cleaning agents removes these adhesives.

Business Website Address: http://www.aremco.com/
Business Phone or Fax: Fax: +1 (845) 268 0041
Address: 8701 Mallard Creek Rd, Charlotte, NC, 28262, USA
Long Business Description:

Blue Nano is a nanomaterials manufacturer that develops high quality, cost effective and reliable nano-focused industrial solutions in the highest volumes available anywhere. We serve universities, independent research labs and OEM manufacturers in a wide variety of sectors ranging from automotive to energy to healthcare.

Blue Nano’s scientists have developed a process to produce higher quantities of nanomaterials at higher qualities than current manufacturing methods. This process is unique to Blue Nano, and dramatically different and much lower cost than traditional nanomaterials production (which is slow, wasteful, high-cost and capital-intensive).

We can produce significantly higher quantities of nanomaterials than our closest competitors. In addition, Blue Nano provides the highest quality nanomaterials available anywhere.

Blue Nano serves OEM manufacturers, independent research labs, and universities across the globe. Companies from Europe, Asia and North America are successfully using Blue Nano’s products and technical services to further enhance consumer products.

Blue Nano provides wide-ranging selections of nanomaterials and nano-focused solutions for end-user products in a wide variety of industries, including energy, automotive, electronics, chemical, materials and medical. In particular, we have placed an emphasis on cutting-edge clean energy products for solar cells, lithium ion batteries and a variety of chemical and fuel cell catalysts.

Business Website Address: http://www.bluenanoinc.com/
Business Phone or Fax: Fax 1 (980) 939 6238
Address: 8860 207th Street, Minneapolis, MN 55044, USA
Long Business Description:

Despatch Industries has specialized in thermal processing for over 100 years and is actively using this technical expertise to provide innovative solutions to critical applications in a broad range of markets and cutting edge technology worldwide. The company has three dedicated business groups to meet the demands of the thermal, solar and carbon fiber markets. This focused commitment has allowed Despatch to become the leading equipment provider in these rapidly expanding industries.
Despatch manufactures a variety of ovens for heat treating synthetic materials such as: thermoset plastics, adhesives, paints and powder coats, rubber and many others. Common applications include: Annealing – removes stresses and increases material strength; Curing – helps materials to cross-link and retain defect-free characteristics; Drying – provides a faster liquid removal from the material; Hardening – increases the strength of the material for better resistance to wear.
Composite materials are becoming the material of choice for industries such as aerospace, automotive, wind energy, sports and recreation and industrial construction. Carbon fiber composites provide an exceptionally strong and lightweight material needed for reduced energy consumption and durability.
Despatch provides an advanced out-of-autoclave solution to the challenging composite curing process. Despatch composite curing ovens provide uniflow airflow which delivers heated air from both sides of the chamber for uniform operating temperatures. The ovens can be custom designed for an airflow that is best suited to provide the fastest, most uniform heat-up time for any product.
Despatch offers complete vacuum bagging systems with up to 24 vacuum ports. Jack panels allow connection to as many thermocouples as needed for monitoring the curing process. Mold preparation, including preheating, drying and cleaning processes can also be provided.
A control system is available to fully control your vacuum bagging process. A PC software package is utilized to record all the necessary information relating to your thermocouples, vacuum transducers, temperatures, Hi-limits, user access and all related alarms. This system allows full control and ensures parts are reliable and cured to specification.
Despatch provides laboratory ovens for testing and analyzing materials such as asphalt, polymers, composites, paint and other coatings. Testing is used to define material characteristics, detecting defects and failure susceptibility. Despatch ovens are highly uniform and repeatable with extremely tight temperature tolerances for consistent testing. For simple applications such as heating soil and asphalt samples prior to quality testing the LBB forced convection oven, with its fast heat-up rates and short processing times, is a popular choice. For more sophisticated testing, choose an oven with the microprocessor based Protocol 3TM controller. It provides simple and flexible operation and can be paired with monitoring and data logging software for detailed reporting of oven process data.

Despatch has over 40 years of experience as the industry’s leading provider of carbon fiber manufacturing equipment and process technology solutions. Manufacturers have utilized our high-performance oxidation technology to produce the best quality and most uniform fiber, at the lowest cost. In the carbon fiber market, we offer everything from fully integrated carbon fiber manufacturing lines, to small benchtop fiber splicing ovens.

Business Website Address: www.despatch.eu/industrial-ovens
Address: 805 West Central Blvd, Orlando, FL 32805, USA
Long Business Description:

ER Precision Optical (ERPOC), incorporated in March of 1992, is a diverse materials and precision optics manufacturing company located in downtown Orlando. ERPOC provides custom infrared materials and precision optical components to the defense & aerospace, semiconductor, solar, electronics and medical markets.
The ONLY U.S. manufacturing facility providing germanium and silicon crystals to meet your most advanced IR applications. We are ISO certified, ITAR compliant, Small Business / HUBZone classified to benefit government supplier requirements. ERPOC provides competitive prices with the shortest lead times.
The new ERPOC has installed the latest state-of-the-art precision tooling and advanced metrology tools which enable us to maximize our machining capabilities, minimize production costs and provide you the assurance that we meet your tightest specifications on all the materials and parts we deliver.

ER Precision Optical has invested significantly the past year in our new expansion in crystal growing. We are now fully functional with four crystal pullers and have more than doubled our capacity. Our new expansion specializes in optical grade Germanium and silicon. We also offer semiconductor or electronic grade and solar grade silicon. Materials are available in full ingot form, generated blanks, or as finished product. We have CofCs available for all our material upon request to assure your specifications are met.

Business Website Address: http://www.eroptics.com/
EAG Laboratories,  Sunnyvale, CA , USA
Address: Sunnyvale, CA 94086, USA
Long Business Description:

EAG’s analytical expertise is what enables us to help our clients to meet their goals. Our on-demand analytical testing services can help streamline R&D, solve urgent problems during manufacturing and help resolve materials related issues in the global supply chain, both within and between organizations.

Application Solutions:

Adhesion & Bonding
Cleanliness
Composition
Contamination
Corrosion
Depth Profiling
Diffusion
Dopants
Failure Analysis
Imaging/Mapping
Materials Characterization & Surface Analysis
Morphology & Topography
Process Development & Process Monitoring
Surface Chemistry
Thin Film Analysis
Trace Element Analysis

Business Website Address: http://www.eag.com/
Business Phone or Fax: Fax 408 530 3501
Address: 2 Bain Square, Kirkton Campus EH54 7DQ, UK
Long Business Description:

Solar cell materials can be assessed by spectral and temporal fluorescence spectroscopy using the products offered by Edinburgh Instruments.
The energy received on earth by the sun in one hour is equivalent to the energy consumed by the world in a year. Photovoltaic solar cells convert this solar energy into electricity in a sustainable way compared to fossil fuels.
Solar cells can be made of semiconductors, polymers, dyes and phosphors. Organic as well as organic/inorganic approaches are currently followed.
Research is focussed on materials that absorb a wider part of the solar spectrum, while improving the electronic transport at a low cost. In addition, charge mobility and stability are challenges especially for dye-sensitised and perovskite solar cells.

The fluorescence emission, quantum yield and lifetime of nanoscale materials can be characterised with a range of Edinburgh Instruments’ products.
Nanoscale materials such as quantum dots, carbon nanotubes, nanoparticles and nanostructures exhibit strong spatial confinement upon photo-excitation and tuneable emission, which makes them extremely useful in photonic applications.
Emission at desired wavelengths has been widely demonstrated in the past, however research is currently focused on improving the quantum yield as well as the photo-stability and chemical stability for example in core/shell geometries. New materials are investigated in the zeroth dimension in dots, the second in sheets such as graphene, or the third in nanostructures, whereas applications from optoelectronic devices to medical diagnostics and quantum computing.

Products:
Fluorescence Spectrometers
Lasers and LEDs
Transient Absorption
Fibre Optic Spectrometers
Gas Sensors
Accessories
Software

Business Website Address: https://www.edinst.com
Address: 265 Oak Street, Pembroke, MA, USA 02359, USA
Short Business Description: IVI has been designing and manufacturing a vast array of High Tech, High Vacuum Controlled Atmosphere Processing Systems and Facilities since 1969.
Long Business Description:

IVI has been designing and manufacturing a vast array of High Tech, High Vacuum Controlled Atmosphere Processing Systems and Facilities since 1969.

Our experience in providing high quality systems for this extended period of time covers a wide variety of Process Solutions for many disciplines. Our highly advanced and complete control systems simplify the most complex processes with integration of control and information.
IVI’s multi-faceted technology experience, over the last five decades, will provide an ideal R & D or Production Tool to solve your requirement. We have provided convenient Coating-IVD-PVD-Sputtering and Furnace Process Questionnaires to aid in identifying your requirements.
Products include:
Ion Vapor Deposition IVD
R&D Materials Processing Tools
Forensic Fingerprint Vacuum Metal Deposition
Organic Light Emitting Device (OLED) Processing
Optical Coating
Physical Vapor Deposition (PVD) Sputtering
Vacuum Components & Power Supplies
Controlled Atmosphere Furnace
Vacuum Arc Melting Furnaces
Vacuum Brazing Furnaces
Vacuum Diffusion Bonding Furnaces
Vacuum Induction Melting and Casting Furnaces
Vacuum Sintering & Heat Treating Furnaces

Business Website Address: http://www.ivicorp.com/
k-Space Associates, Dexter MI, USA
Address: 2182 Bishop Circle East, Dexter, MI 48130, USA
Long Business Description:

k-Space Associates, Inc. is a leading manufacturer of in situ, in-line, and ex situ metrology tools for the semiconductor, thin-film, and photovoltaic (PV) industries. Our tools are used for monitoring nearly all thin-film deposition processes, including MBE, MOCVD, PLD, PVD, sputtering, and evaporation. Incorporated in 1992 and driven to supply the best technical support in the industry, our tools are used worldwide in both research and full production monitoring of semiconductor, PV, thin-film deposition, annealing, and processing applications.

kSA products measure important parameters such as temperature, deposition rate, film thickness, stress, curvature, bow, reflectivity, surface roughness, and many other material properties. These are measured in real-time by utilizing probes such as lasers, white light, UV light sources, and electron beams to investigate thin-films and substrates at an atomic level. Our thin-film analysis tools are used to extract real-time information from today’s most advanced deposition and processing applications within compound semiconductor, silicon semiconductor and photovoltaic advanced thin film production and R&D.
Sophisticated software analysis and reporting capabilities provide information to better understand tomorrow’s electronic and optoelectronic devices or to provide online control during mass production to enhance yield. Tailored optics and fully integrated solutions have been designed for simple mounting and non-invasive monitoring of advanced deposition processes such as:
MBE
Sputtering
PLD
E-beam Evaporation
MOCVD
Ex Situ Characterization

Business Website Address: http://www.k-space.com/