Through the employment of ultra-low temperatures, 300 Below, Inc. helps its customers improve all kinds of products by realigning the molecular structure of an object, optimally resulting in items which last significantly longer and perform far better than they were previously designed. Our proprietary process uses Deep Cryogenic Tempering, for which we have developed an advanced, computer controlled processing system for reliably treating materials used in multiple industries throughout the world. 300 Below specializes in the science of cryogenics and we engineer various liquid nitrogen (LN2) based cooling and freezing systems to perform what is termed as cryogenic processing.
As our company name implies, we treat metal components and parts at minus 300 degrees Fahrenheit to improve their properties. Computer technology allows us to regulate temperatures to 1/10th of a degree, accurately adjusting temperatures optimal for proper cryogenic treatment (or Cryo-Treatment) in accordance with the mass of the object we are treating. By reducing the temperature of an object to around -300ºF, we seek to manipulate and rearrange its molecular structure without damaging the item. By rearranging the molecular structure of an object, and realigning the molecules so that they become more uniform and evenly spread out, we then change various properties associated with the object, such as its wear resistance.
Perhaps the easiest way to understand what actually happens during the process is to picture a group of people walking around a shopping mall. We take these individuals (the molecules) and cram them into one huddled mass in the parking lot (the freezing process) and hold them there for multiple hours. We then tell this group to take one step out, one at a time, (the thawing process) so that they become equidistant from one another. Depending on the product, we may also add various stages of heat treatment using ovens that we maintain in-house to conquer various other stress factors which we seek to eliminate.
Deep Cryogenic Tempering allows for a significant increase in abrasive wear resistance and durability for many metal-based objects. There are also a few other materials which benefit from the process and we’re always experimenting with companies around the globe to see if we can help improve all sorts of products. The increases we’ve seen in tensile strength, toughness and stability may couple with the release of internal residual stresses for different components, and some metals respond better than others. The typical end results observed by our clients include increased product life, increased durability, reduced breakage, easier cleaning abilities, and some very specific enhancements that are dependent entirely upon the project. Many changes are dependent upon the type of steel or metal used in a product, in addition to how a product was formed or created.
Advanced Research Systems, Inc. was started in 1986 by Ravi Bains to provide cryogenic solutions for low temperature research. ARS has evolved as a world class manufacturer of closed cycle cryocoolers and laboratory cryogenic systems. ARS is the only major supplier of laboratory cryostats that also manufactures 4 K closed cycle cryocoolers for its use.
Manufacturing our own cryocoolers allows us to seamlessly adapt our cryostats for challenging applications where the cryocooler must be customized for a specific application. ARS has sales and service capabilities worldwide, with an international sales force that is well trained to support our customers and provide guidance in the selection of cryogenic equipment that suits customers’ needs at a fair price.
We recognize that the quality of both our product and our customer relationships determines our future success in this competitive world. To facilitate this, we continue to invest in improving and expanding our capabilities and in developing new products for the future. We feel that the close working relationships we have forged with our customers over the years are testimony to our success.
Helium Flow Cryostats
Sample in Vacuum Cryostats
Sample in Vapor Cryostats
Ultra Low Vibration Cryostats
ICEFLY Cryogenic Delivery System
Scanning Tunneling Microscopy
BINDER temperature, climate, and environmental simulation chambers are the centerpieces of modern laboratories. Designed to meet the highest demands in scientific and industrial fields, they enable the accurate simulation of biological, chemical, and physical environmental conditions. With cutting-edge technology and pioneering innovations, BINDER develops products that provide real added value for the customer. We apply our expertise and feel for the requirements of dynamic, day-to-day work in research facilities to support the widest range of projects and processes in an optimum way.
With 22,000 series production machines supplied each year globally, family company BINDER is now one of the leading experts on environmental simulation chambers. For over 30 years at our German site in Tuttlingen, we have developed and produced premium products which combine superior technology, first-class advice, and exemplary service. These three factors are symbolized by the three red triangles that make up our logo and our customers appreciate the benefits every day through the outstanding results of their work.
Ultralow temperature freezers
Drying and heating chambers
Vacuum drying chambers
Constant climate chambers
Dynamic climate chambers
ColdEdge Technologies provides custom <4K to 1000K closed cycle cryostats with interfaces. We provide GM & Pulse Tube technologies from SHI Cryogenics of America, Displex®, CTI Cryodyne, CryoMech and other popular closed cycle coolers.
We also supply open cycle flow cryostats that use liquid helium or LN2 as the cooling source. Without the pressure of having to sell our own cryocooler brand, Coldedge can work with the researcher to arrive at the best cryocooler solution for the researchers particular requirements and interface needs.
We supply complete systems with application specific and/or custom vacuum enclosures, radiation shields, sample holders, windows, temperature sensors, heaters, extra experimental wire leads and feed-throughs (UHV, SMA, coax & other), temperature controllers, vacuum pump systems, sample manipulation attachments, low vibration CCR interfaces and many other additional options.
Interfaces with sample in vapor, sample in vacuum, UHV and custom interfaces are available.
Materials Research Applications
Electrical Experiments (Hall)
Further Applications include
Diamond Anvil Cell
Cryofab, Inc. is a cryogenics company and a key vendor in the global cryogenic equipment marketplace. We manufacture and service cryogenic storage and accessories, offering custom as well as standard fabrications to customers worldwide. We offer a wide range of cryogenic containers: tanks, dewars, vessels, as well as hoses, and valves of all sizes allowing for the safe storage and transportation of all cryogenic gases. Our cryogenic dewars are capable of storing and transporting liquid helium, liquid argon, liquid oxygen, liquid nitrogen, liquid hydrogen, and liquid natural gas (LNG).
Cryofab offers ASME, DOT, TPED, PED and ADR products. Our in-house cryogenic engineering experts can assist with product development of OEM or private label fabrication of cryogenic tanks, whether it be prototype or productions runs, for industrial, laboratory, medical, biotechnology, pharmaceutical, superconductivity, semiconductor, or even homecare applications.
Cryocomp, Inc, a division of Cryofab, specializes in vacuum valves, vacuum relief valves, pipe- and tube-sized bayonet assemblies, vapor vents and heaters, and helium control valves. Our Cryogenics equipment technicians are also available to repair your cryogenic storage tanks, hoses, & valves.
Cryomech is a recognized leader in new Cryorefrigerator (Cryocooler) design and manufacturing. We developed and produced the world’s first commercially available 4K Pulse Tube Cryorefrigerator (PTR). We also manufacture the largest variety of single-stage Gifford-McMahon Cycle Cryorefrigerators available anywhere.
Cryorefrigerators: Cryomech manufactures Gifford-McMahon and Pulse Tube Cycle Cryocoolers with more than 30 standard configurations available. Our expertise is modifying these configurations to easily integrate into your application, allowing you to remain the expert in your field of research and the design of your device.
Liquid Helium Management Products: Liquid helium management is a growing issue in today’s world. Let the experts at Cryomech provide a solution built around proven and reliable Pulse Tube Refrigerator technology. From small scale, single cryostat applications to facility wide systems, you can now collect boil-off from dozens of devices. Cryomech can provide a system to meet your needs.
Liquid Nitrogen Plants: Cryomech Liquid Nitrogen Plants center their robust and versatile design on the principles of the Gifford-McMahon Cryocooler. The modular system can be purchased with the filter bank nitrogen generator if a purity >98 percent is required. At a small scale, the system is designed to be mobile and fit into most user locations, regardless of space or environmental restrictions. Most maintenance can be performed in the field with minimal technical training. If necessary, Cryomech does offer technical training at our facility in Syracuse, N.Y.
Cryostats: Cryomech offers 4K and 1K cryostats for a variety of scientific research. Both cryostats offer low-vibration operation, excellent temperature stability, and are customizable to meet your specific requirements.
Cold Helium Circulation Systems: Vibration-sensitive objects can be cryocooled in the 20-100K range by the Cryomech Cold Helium Circulation Systems. The customer’s object is cooled by mounting it to a cold finger through which circulating, constant-pressure cold helium flows to absorb the heat load. The cold helium is cryocooled by a Gifford-McMahon Cycle Cryocooler separated from the cold finger by the flexible Cold Helium Transfer Line, eliminating the vibrations. The complete system is closed-cycle and operates with the reliability of the GM Cryocoolers and with a warranty of 10,000 hours. The CHCS comes in two capacity sizes: 120W and 200W @ 80K, the CHCS120 and CHCS200.
Since 1983, HYPRES has been engaged in the development and commercialization of superconducting microelectronics. Superconducting integrated circuits (ICs) represent a significant advance over existing semiconductor technologies. HYPRES has established world-leadership in superconducting technology and is the premier commercial supplier of primary voltage standard circuits used in metrology laboratories worldwide.
HYPRES was founded in 1983 and has since been active in advanced R&D programs while developing the second generation IC technology for superconductive electronics. This includes a reliable all-refractory niobium IC process that resolves the materials-related issues that had limited progress in the IBM Josephson computer program. In addition, a new logic family is now applied that takes full advantage of the intrinsic properties of superconductors and enables gate speeds approaching 1,000 GHz (770 GHz demonstrated in the laboratory).
The company is located in Elmsford, NY, and includes a complete superconducting integrated circuit fabrication line. The facility is totally self-sufficient and includes thin film and photolithography processing and support functions covering CAD, device testing, and cryogenics development. Our staff is expert in circuit design, circuit fabrication, packaging, and cryogenics. In addition to capabilities in superconductivity, other HYPRES technologies enable advanced microfabrication processes which lead to unique micromachined sensors for the detection of infrared and millimeter wave radiation without cooling.
Since 1961 Janis Research Company has been providing the scientific and technical community with the highest-quality cryogenic equipment for research, characterization, and industrial applications. Over the years, our family of customers has grown to include some of the world’s largest corporations and best-known research centers and institutions. The reasons for this record of success are simple: precision engineering and quality manufacturing; ease-of-operation; day-after-day reliability and performance; and a level of service and support unmatched in the industry.
Janis Research recognizes that obtaining a cryogenic system represents a long-term commitment for most scientists; therefore, we are devoted to providing you with the highest level of quality and customer support. Just a few of the ways we accomplish this are:
Sales and service are provided through a worldwide network of trained and knowledgeable representatives.
A dedicated Janis Research sales engineer is responsible for each system from conceptual design through post-installation support.
A stable workforce draws on decades of combined service, and applies this experience to the assembly of each cryogenic system.
Customer approval of the final design drawing is obtained for all customized systems.
Records on all systems, modifications and design improvements are meticulously maintained for the reference of any future user.
Turnkey systems are supplied by offering a full line of cryogenic accessories.
Each system is fully integrated and tested before shipping.
We are expert in custom and turnkey development and realization of high-tech systems and scientific instrumentsfor applications where accurate positioning is involved. By mastering the skills of precision engineering, mechatronics and control design we will realize pioneering solutions for your applications in ambient, vacuum and cryogenic environment.
At Johnsen Ultravac (JUV), a Division of Johnsen Machine Company Limited we strive to build the highest quality, most reliable, vacuum equipment available anywhere. Our vacuum equipment delivers total value to our global customers in terms of payback, low maintenance, flexibility and durability.
If your materials research requires an ultra high vacuum chamber it may be of interest to know that our UHV chambers routinely operate in the 5 x 10E-11 Torr base pressure range.
If your research requires complex 6-axis XYZ manipulators or Linear translators JUV offers the widest range in UHV instrumentation. With optional electron beam heating and Helium cooled cryostats our modular sample holder arrangements are leading the industry in temperature range (10° K to 1,500° K), motion, accuracy and repeatability.
If Synchrotron Radiation Instrumentation is your interest the JUV SRI Product line for Light Sources includes Monochromators for X-ray Beam lines, Front-ends, Photon and Safety Shutters. Other SRI products include Collimators, Mask assemblies, Mirror chambers and Safety Shutters.
If your research is in Electro-photonic, Opto-electronics or Semi-conductor devices the JUV 6000 series combine the latest E-Beam Evaporation, ECR-CVD and ICP-CVD deposition technology.
If your research is in Materials Science, Nano Technology or Super Conductivity the JUV 6100 series combine the latest in RF-DC Sputtering, RF-ICP Plasma Spray and Pulsed LASER (PLD) deposition technology.
If you require products for testing of Satellite Instruments such as IR Sensors our products for the Aerospace Industry include Blackbodies, Bench coolers and Space Simulation Systems.
Also, with our staff of engineers with vacuum and cryogenic experience JUV leads the industry in CUSTOM design and manufacturing capabilities. Why not put the JUV team to work for you.