Metals & Alloys

300 Below Inc., Decatur IL, USA
2999 E. Parkway Dr., Decatur, IL 62526, USA
Through the employment of ultra-low temperatures, 300 Below, Inc. helps its customers improve all kinds of products by realigning the molecular structure of an object, optimally resulting in items which last significantly longer and perform far better than they were previously designed. Our proprietary process uses Deep Cryogenic Tempering, for which we have developed an advanced, computer controlled processing system for reliably treating materials used in multiple industries throughout the world. 300 Below specializes in the science of cryogenics and we engineer various liquid nitrogen (LN2) based cooling and freezing systems to perform what is termed as cryogenic processing.

Through the employment of ultra-low temperatures, 300 Below, Inc. helps its customers improve all kinds of products by realigning the molecular structure of an object, optimally resulting in items which last significantly longer and perform far better than they were previously designed. Our proprietary process uses Deep Cryogenic Tempering, for which we have developed an advanced, computer controlled processing system for reliably treating materials used in multiple industries throughout the world. 300 Below specializes in the science of cryogenics and we engineer various liquid nitrogen (LN2) based cooling and freezing systems to perform what is termed as cryogenic processing.
As our company name implies, we treat metal components and parts at minus 300 degrees Fahrenheit to improve their properties. Computer technology allows us to regulate temperatures to 1/10th of a degree, accurately adjusting temperatures optimal for proper cryogenic treatment (or Cryo-Treatment) in accordance with the mass of the object we are treating. By reducing the temperature of an object to around -300ºF, we seek to manipulate and rearrange its molecular structure without damaging the item. By rearranging the molecular structure of an object, and realigning the molecules so that they become more uniform and evenly spread out, we then change various properties associated with the object, such as its wear resistance.
Perhaps the easiest way to understand what actually happens during the process is to picture a group of people walking around a shopping mall. We take these individuals (the molecules) and cram them into one huddled mass in the parking lot (the freezing process) and hold them there for multiple hours. We then tell this group to take one step out, one at a time, (the thawing process) so that they become equidistant from one another. Depending on the product, we may also add various stages of heat treatment using ovens that we maintain in-house to conquer various other stress factors which we seek to eliminate.
Deep Cryogenic Tempering allows for a significant increase in abrasive wear resistance and durability for many metal-based objects. There are also a few other materials which benefit from the process and we’re always experimenting with companies around the globe to see if we can help improve all sorts of products. The increases we’ve seen in tensile strength, toughness and stability may couple with the release of internal residual stresses for different components, and some metals respond better than others. The typical end results observed by our clients include increased product life, increased durability, reduced breakage, easier cleaning abilities, and some very specific enhancements that are dependent entirely upon the project. Many changes are dependent upon the type of steel or metal used in a product, in addition to how a product was formed or created.

http://www.300below.com/
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4Wave Inc., Sterling VA, USA
22660 Executive Drive Suite 101, Sterling, VA 20166, USA
4Wave is a global company with products in North America (US and Canada), Europe and Asia. 4Wave offers products and solutions to various markets including Semiconductor, MEMS (Micro-Electromechanical Systems), Data Storage and thin film optics.

4Wave is the industry leader in thin film nanotechnology material science and products. Our core technology is Ion Beam technology and Biased target technology. 4Wave offers the most advanced and cost efficient technologies for Ion Beam Etching (IBE), Ion Beam deposition sputtering (IBS) and Biased Target Sputtering BTS. 4Wave is the industry leader in the development of thin film processes and applications.
4Wave is a global company with products in North America (US and Canada), Europe and Asia. 4Wave offers products and solutions to various markets including Semiconductor, MEMS (Micro-Electromechanical Systems), Data Storage and thin film optics.

Products
Ion Beam Sputtering Cluster Tool
Laboratory Alloy and Nanolayer System (LANS)
Load Lock Etch System
Planetary Etch System (PSIBE)
Z-Flex System

Core Services
Design & Prototyping
Engineering Services
Equipment Refurbishment
Optical Thin Film Coatings
Thin Film Processing

Technology
Biased Target Sputtering (BTS)
Direct Ion Beam Deposition
In-Situ Process Monitoring
Ion Assisted Evaporation
Ion Beam Etch
Ion Beam Sputtering

http://www.4waveinc.com
Fax: (703) 787-9033
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Advent Research Materials, Oxford, UK
Oakfield Industrial Estate, Eynsham, Oxford OX29 4JA, UK
Advent Research Materials is an Oxford-based company that has operated for over 25 years, supplying high purity metals, alloys and polymers to the scientific research community across the globe.

Advent Research Materials is an Oxford-based company that has operated for over 25 years, supplying high purity metals, alloys and polymers to the scientific research community across the globe.
Advent’s purpose is to enable scientists to experiment, innovate and iterate with a wide range of materials throughout the research process. Consequently it aims to provide as much choice as possible to the customer.
Advent operates in a niche market on a global scale. It sells to over 85 countries around the globe, and supplies materials to all the major UK Universities. Our commercial customer base is also extensive, which ensures that Advent’s materials are in use at the forefront of the scientific industry.
Advent is able to differentiate itself from a number of its competitors, as it typically provides all its catalogue items “off the shelf” in a fast, efficient and friendly manner.

Products:
Pure Metals
Alloys
Polymers

http://www.advent-rm.com/
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AJA International, Scituate MA, USA
809 Country Way, N Scituate MA, USA

AJA International, Inc. was founded in Scituate, Massachusetts, USA in 1989 by William Hale, MBA, BS Physics. The company was established as a supplier of innovative thin film, vacuum and microwave products.

Prior to founding AJA International, Mr. Hale developed numerous sputter systems, ECR systems, and worked extensively in RIE, PECVD, surface analysis and vacuum technology areas ranging from chemical/pharmaceutical to vacuum packaging to UHV/MBE. This experience along with a long experience in international business gave AJA International, Inc. a solid running start.

Within 2 years the company developed the popular ATC Series Sputtering Systems – the first commercial, con-focal, sputter tools with rotating substrates and in-situ tilting magnetron sputter heads. This revolutionary development yielded extremely uniform and controllable depositions of single layers, multi-layers and alloys and has become the most popular R&D sputtering system configuration on the market.

AJA sells its products directly or in cooperation with local agents. All AJA systems are installed by AJA factory personnel whenever possible and factory acceptance and training are highly recommended and welcomed. With over 900 systems and over 7,500 magnetrons shipped worldwide, AJA International, Inc. continues to discover innovative design solutions which are often copied but never equaled as the company truly remains THE CUTTING EDGE IN THIN FILM TECHNOLOGY.

Products
Sputtering Systems
Ion Mill Systems
Evaporation Systems
Multi-Technique Systems
Sputtering Sources
Substrate Holders
Sputtering Targets
Evaporation Materials

www.ajaint.com
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Alfa Aesar / Thermo Fisher, Lancashire, UK
Shore Road, Port of Heysham Industrial Park, Heysham, Lancashire LA3 2XY, UK

Alfa Aesar, a member of Thermo Fisher Scientific, is a leading manufacturer and supplier of research chemicals, metals and materials for a wide span of applications.

Look to Alfa Aesar for fine and specialty chemicals produced and packaged to your specifications. With over 50 years of production experience, our custom capabilities are unsurpassed.

By combining the research chemical expertise of Alfa Aesar and the specialist nanoparticle manufacturing capabilities of Cerion, we have joined forces to offer you an exclusive program – Nanoparticle Design Services.

Metals and Materials:
Alloys
Carbon
Etchants
Evaporation Materials
Metal Gauzes
Pure Elements
Single Crystals
Windows and Spheres

Catalysts:
Ferrocenes
Fuel Cell Products
Metal Scavenger Products
Precious Metals & Catalysts

Chemicals:
Inorganics
Organics
Organometallics
Solvents

https://www.alfa.com/
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Ametek Test,  Largo FL, USA
8600 Somerset Drive, Largo, FL 33773, USA

AMETEK Test & Calibration Instruments supplies materials testing machines and force measurement instruments that provide the highest level of performance and capability for production testing, quality control, laboratory testing, research and education. Chatillon and Lloyd Instruments are just some of the world-renowed brands manufactured and supplied by AMETEK Test & Calibration Instruments.

Used to determine the physical and mechanical properties of raw materials and components and ideal for product testing of finished goods such as plastics, packaging, medical devices, electronic components, textiles, metals, composites, paper and more, AMETEK Test & Calibration Instruments manufactures and supplies universal testing machines (UTM) and tensile testers worldwide.

A comprehensive range of materials testing machines, force measurement machines, digital force gauges, torque gauges, grips, fixtures, load cells and accessories is backed up by an impressive customer support program that includes technical support, field and factory service capabilities, calibration and more.

www.ametektest.com
Anatech, Hayward CA, USA
30695 Huntwood Ave, Hayward, CA 94544, USA

Anatech USA’s mission is to provide technical solutions for surface engineering challenges.
Anatech USA delivers high vacuum systems with graphic state-of-the-art, “Touch-Panel” intuitive control packages. Every effort is made to tailor the system to meet your needs and budget requirements.
Thin Film Deposition equipment for metals and dielectrics, using Planar Magnetron sources powered by DC and/or RF supplies. Electron Beam and Thermal Resistance source systems are also available.
Gas Plasma vacuum systems with quartz or aluminum chambers. Systems are designed to clean at the molecular level, activate surfaces or etch surfaces.
Anatech USA works to deliver systems with consistent value and quality that meet or exceed our customer’s expectations.

http://www.anatechusa.com
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Angstrom Sun Technologies, Boston MA, USA
31 Nagog Park, Acton, MA 01720, USA

Angstrom Sun Technologies Inc. is a privately held company, headquartered in Boston, USA. The focus of company is to provide a series of cost-effective optical solutions for characterizing thin film thickness, thick coating thickness, their optical properties (refractive index N and extinction coefficient K), surface and interface behavior, alloy concentrations and their uniformities across surface.
Affordable, low cost, but advanced and high performance tools, including spectroscopic reflectometer, microspectrophotometer, microreflectometer, film thickness mapping system, simple desktop film thickness station, and automatic variable angle spectroscopic ellipsometers, offer a way to probe film stacks nondestructively and precisely. In addition, Angstrom Sun Technologies Inc. also delivers advanced analytical services for characterizing thin films, thick coatings and complicated layer stacks.
Angstrom Sun Technologies Inc. designs and manufactures all TFProbe tools in a facility located in Boston, USA. TFProbe tools are sold and distributed by international sales networks.
With performance and professional support as our mission, Angstrom has established a worldwide customer base since 2002, including well-known education institutions, government agencies and Fortune 500 companies, such as NASA Marshall Space Flight Center, National Institute of Standards and Technology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Seoul National University, NanoTech Center (CESTM) at SUNY, Columbia University, Hewlett-Packard Co., Lockheed Martin Co., General Electric (GE), Corning Inc., Bell Laboratories, Johnson-Johnson, Mylan Technologies, Applied Materials (AMAT), Lam Research, Samsung Advanced Institute of Technology(SAIT), and MIT Lincoln Laboratory.

Products:
Spectroscopic Reflectometers
Spectroscopic Ellipsometers
Microspectrophotometers
Thin Film Mapping Systems
Integrated In-line Metrology
TFProbe Software
Accessories

http://www.angstec.com/
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ApNano Materials, New York NY, USA
22 W. 38th Street, New York, NY 10018-6262, USA

NanoMaterials Ltd. (Apnano) was established in 2002 and after its acquisition in 2013 became a fully owned subsidiary of the leading American company Nanotech Industrial Solutions, Inc. (NIS). NanoMaterials specializes in development and production of inorganic, multi-layered nanofullerenes and nanotubes, based on exclusively patented platform technology developed at the Weizmann Institute of Science.
These tungsten disulfide (WS2) based nanomaterials opened up new possibilities for developing extreme performance lubricants, coatings and polymer composites. The composition and morphology of these materials create a unique mechanism of friction-induced tribofilm release. The exfoliated nanoparticles attach to working-surfaces, fill in wear crevices and coat working surfaces with a continuous super-lubrication layer. This “surface reconditioning” effect was instrumental in the successful development of NIS’s Corp, award winning NanoLub® family of Extreme Pressure (EP) Anti-Wear (AW) and Anti-Friction (AF) lubrication additives. The Company’s R&D department is involved in extensive research and testing for additional WS2 based applications in the field of lubricants, coatings and polymer composites for such industries as defense, mining and metalworking.

NanoMaterials’ inorganic nano-particles can be incorporated into polymer matrices to increase their strength and fracture toughness, and enhance their tribological and thermal properties.
NanoMaterials’ multi-layered WS? nano-particles tackle one of the key problems of carbon nano-tubes, which is high rates of defects and agglomeration that translate to problematic dispersability.

http://www.apnano.com/
Applied Multilayers LLC, Battle Ground WA, USA
1801 SE Commerce Ave., Battle Ground, WA 98604, USA

Applied Multilayers LLC offers next generation optical coating sputtering systems for high quality optical and metal coatings. Our patented Closed Field Magnetron (CFM) sputtering technology is simple, scalable and significantly less expensive. CFM allows multilayered film coatings onto sensitive polymer substrates or plastics which other deposition technologies would consider prohibitive due the elevated plasma temperatures.
You will discover numerous applications such as durable IR coatings, durable visible AR coatings, high laser damage coatings, ophthalmic, electro-chromic and solar absorbers. CFM also readily deposits thin film oxides, nitrides, carbides or pure metals with near bulk film densification with no film stress.
Products
Coating Systems
Magnetrons
PECVD Systems

Processes
Precision Optics
Ophtalmic Optical Coatings
Thin Film Photovoltaics
Durable IR

http://www.applied-multilayers.com/