The Innovation in wire arc additive manufacturing (WAAM): A review

Saleh Fahad Alaboudi, Muhammad Azhar Ali Khan, Muhammad Asad, Mushtaq Khan, Faramarz Djavanroodi

download PDF

Abstract. This review or research paper is illustrated to analytically assess and address one of potential industrial revolutions, which is Wire Arc Additive Manufacturing (WAAM). WAAM is classified from Hybrid Manufacturing (HM) processes. Thus, one of the Hybrid Manufacturing ultimate goals has always been to transcend the limitation aspects associated with the tradition process. As Artificial Intelligence (AI) has evolved and expanded all over the globe, Additive Manufacturing (AM) has been gradually developed and introduced to the world to be one of a distinguished innovative impact in the history of manufacturing. Additive Manufacturing (AM) has been improved over the conventional methods in the manufacturing world due to its advanced complexity, consistency, quality of work, and various advantages and contribution that satisfy the costumers needs and requirements. Various applications in the industry have proven the AM applicability to replace the conventional processes such as casting and machining as it can deal with very coplex shapes [3]. In spite of the fact that there are numerous materials that can be manufactured in the modern technologies of AM, such as polymers, metals, ceramic, and composites, the contribution of Metal Additive Manufacturing (MAM) arguably has been a significant influence in the industries in comparison to the others [1]. In this review paper the detailed deliverable information and materials which will be established and communicated in this paper will concentrate on the history of (WAAM) including its pros and cons, latest contribution to the industries, AM classifications, materials, and primary materials and practices in industry.

Wire Arc Additive Manufacturing (WAAM), Hybrid Manufacturing (HM), Additive Manufacturing (AM), Metal Additive Manufacturing (MAM), Hybrid Additive Manufacturing (HAM), Direct Energy Deposition (DED)

Published online 8/10/2023, 9 pages
Copyright © 2023 by the author(s)
Published under license by Materials Research Forum LLC., Millersville PA, USA

Citation: Saleh Fahad Alaboudi, Muhammad Azhar Ali Khan, Muhammad Asad, Mushtaq Khan, Faramarz Djavanroodi, The Innovation in wire arc additive manufacturing (WAAM): A review, Materials Research Proceedings, Vol. 31, pp 522-530, 2023


The article was published as article 54 of the book Advanced Topics in Mechanics of Materials, Structures and Construction

Content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 license. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI.

[1] Mark Armstrong, Hamid Mehrabi, Nida Naveed, (2022). An overview of modern metal additive manufacturing technology. Journal of Manufacturing Processes. Vol: 84, pp: 1001-1029
[2] J.P.M. Pragana, R.F.V Sampaio, I.M.F. Praganca, C.M.A. Silva, P.A.F. Martins, (2021). Hybrid metal additive manufacturing: A state-of-the-art review. Advances in industrial and manufacturing engineering. Vol: 2
[3] Jacopo Lettori, Roberto Raffaeli, Margherita Peruzzini. (2020). Additive manufacturing adoption in product design: an overview from literature and industry. Procedia Manifacturing. Vol: 51, pp: 655-662
[4] Bert Lauwers, Nataliia Chernovol, Benjamin Peeters, (2020). Hybrid Manufacturing based on the combination of Mechanical and Electro Physical-Chemical Processes. Procedia CIRP. Vol: 95, pp: 649-661
[5] Mehmet Erdi Korkmaz, Saad Waqar, A. Garcia-Collado, (2022). A technical overview of metallic parts in hybrid additive manufacturing industry. Journal of material research and technology. Vol: 18, pp: 384-395
[6] Bert Lauwers, Firtz Klocke, Andreas Klink, A. Erman Tekkaya, (2014). Hybrid processes in manufacturing. CIRP Annals-manufacturing technology. Vol: 63, pp:561-583
[7] Kathrin Pfahler, Dominik Morar, Hans-Georg Kemper, (2019). Exploring Application Fields of Additive Manufacturing Along the Product Life Cycle. Procedia CIRP. Vol: 81, pp: 151-156
[8] Miguel Seabra, Jose Azevedo, Aurelio Araujo, (2016). Selective laser melting (SLM) and topology optimization for lighter aerospace components. Procedia Structural Integrity. Vol: 1, pp: 289-296
[9] Jue Liu, Shiyun Dong, Xin Jin, Pengyue Wu, (2022). Quality control of large-sized alloy steel parts fabricated by multi-laser selective laser melting (ML-SLM). Vol: 223
[10] Xiaoyu Bi, Runzhou Huang, (2022). 3D printing of natural fiber and composites: A state-of-the-art review. Vol:222
[11] Greymi Tan, Nicole Ioannou, Essyrose Mathew, Aristides D. Tagalakis, (2022). 3D printing in Ophthalmology: From medical implants to personalised medicine. International Journal of Pharmaceutics. Vol: 625
[12] Xiaoyan Xu, Alvaro Goyanes, Sarah J. Trenfield, (2021). Stereolithography (SLA) 3D printing of a bladder device for intravesical drug delivery. Materials Science ans Engineering. Vol: 120
[13] Andre Mussatto, (2022). Research progress in multi-material laser-powder bed fusion additive manufacturing: A review of the state-of-the-art techniques for depositing multiple powders with spatial selectivity in a single layer. Results in Engineering. Vol: 16
[14] Jian Gou, Zhijiang Wang, Shengsun Hu, (2022). Effect of cold metal transfer mode on the microstructure and machinability of Tie6Ale4V alloy fabricated by wire and arc additive manufacturing in ultra-precision machining. Journal of material and research technology. Vol:21, pp: 1581-1594
[15] J. Gonzalez, I. Rodriguez, J-L. Prado-Cerqueira, (2017). Additive manufacturing with GMAW welding and CMT technology. Procedia manufacturing. Vol: 13, pp: 840-847
[16] Joaquin Montero, Pablo Vitale, Sebastian Weber, (2020). Indirect Additive Manufacturing of resin components using polyvinyl alcohol sacrificial moulds. Procedia CIRP. Vol: 91, pp: 388-395.