Metal-Organic-Framework-Based Materials for Energy Applications


Metal-Organic-Framework-Based Materials for Energy Applications

Ashwini P. Alegaonkar, Vidya K. Kalyankar, Prashant S. Alegaonkar

The ratio between the energy production and consumption will face vast difference by 2040. Currently in the electrical energy sector fulfilment of rising demands and balance between available conventional resources and consumption leads to a need of non-conventional development in sustainable renewable energy. The sources of energy like solar, fuel cell, hydrothermal, metal organic framework have been exploited as renewable sources. Among them, metal organic framework (MOF) is hosted as a potential alternative for renewable energy for many applications because of its tuneable porosity. MOF is a systematic repetitive arrangement of organic framework with metal ion at the centre. They are economic to synthesize, richness of metal ions reactivity boost to study different applications of MOF. Herein, we have discussed the MOF’s of Ni3(HITP)2 and Co3O4C nanowire as sustainable renewable energy resources essentially applied as electro-catalysts in EDLC and OER mechanism toward energy storage application. This chapter includes brief survey of MOF, particularly the study of Ni3(HITP)2 and Co3O4C nanowire MOF. The chapter includes the synthesis and characterization of Ni3(HITP)2 and Co3O4C nanowire MOF. They are studied as alternative sources for renewable energy. It is studied with taking example of Ni3(HITP)2 MOF with a perspective of supercapacitor while in former case Co3O4C nanowire MOF as potential candidate in (Oxygen Evolution Reaction) OER process. We have concluded that MOF can be a good alternative as a renewable energy sources with above mentioned examples. In further sections the details are presented.

Renewable Energy, Ni3(HITP)2 MOF, Hybrid Co3O4C Nanowire MOF, Super Capacitance, OER Process

Published online 10/5/2019, 37 pages

Citation: Ashwini P. Alegaonkar, Vidya K. Kalyankar, Prashant S. Alegaonkar, Metal-Organic-Framework-Based Materials for Energy Applications, Materials Research Foundations, Vol. 58, pp 140-176, 2019


Part of the book on Metal-Organic Framework Composites

[1] S. Chu, A. Majumdar, Opportunities and challenges for a sustainable energy future, Nature (2012), 488, 294-303.
[2] U.S. Energy Information Administration, 2016.
[3] World Energy Outlook 2015” (International Energy Agency, 2015). 4. “The Outlook for Energy: A View to 2040” (Exxon Mobil Corporation, 2015).
[4] Lee, R. The outlook for population growth, Science (2011) 333, 569–573.
[5] Katsounaros, I., Cherevko, S., Zeradjanin, A. R., Mayrhofer, K. J. J. Dissolution of Platinum in the Operational Range of Fuel Cells. Angew. Chem., (2014) 126, 104−124.
[6] D. Kim, K. K. Sakimoto, D. Hong, P. Yang, Artificial photosynthesis for sustainable fuel and chemical production, Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. (2015), 54, 3259-3266.
[7] A. Tatin, J. Bonin, M. Robert, A Case for Electro fuels, ACS Energy Lett. 2016, 1, 1062-1064.
[8] 10 Gonzalez A, Goikolea E, Barrena JA, et al. Review on supercapacitors: technologies and materials. Renew Sustain Energy Rev (2016) 58, 1189–1206.
[9] J. R. McKone, S. C. Marinescu, B. S. Brunschwig, J. R. Winkler, H. B. Gray, Earth-abundant hydrogen evolution electrocatalysts, Chem. Sci. (2014)5, 865-878.
[10] R. Parsons, The rate of electrolytic hydrogen evolution and the heat of adsorption of hydrogen. Trans. Faraday Soc. (1958) 54, 1053–1063.
[11] W. Zhang, W. Lai, R. Cao, Energy-related small molecule activation reactions: Oxygen Reduction and Hydrogen and Oxygen Evolution Reactions Catalyzed by Porphyrin- and Corrole-Based Systems, Chem. Rev. (2017) 117, 3717-3797.
[12] Furukawa H, Cordova KE, O’Keeffe M. The chemistry and applications of metal organic frameworks. Science. (2013) 341, 1230444.
[13] Sun L, Campbell MG, Dincă M. Electrically conductive porous metal-organic frameworks. Angew Chem Int Ed, 2016, 55: 3566– 3579.
[14] Georges Chedid and Ali Yassin, Recent Trends in Covalent and Metal Organic Frameworks for Biomedical Applications, Nanomaterials 2018, 8, 916.
[15] Hailong Wang, Qi-Long Zhu, Ruqiang Zou,and Qiang Xu, Metal-Organic Frameworks for Energy Applications, Chem (2017) 2, 52–80.
[16] Ozkan S, Nguyen NT, Hwang I, et al. Highly conducting spaced TiO2 nanotubes enable defined conformal coating with nanocrystalline Nb2O5 and high performance supercapacitor applications, Small, (2017) 13, 1603821.
[17] Shi P, Li L, Hua L, et al. Design of amorphous manganese oxide@ multiwalled carbon nanotube fiber for robust solid-state supercapacitor. ACS Nano, (2017) 11, 444–452.
[18] Wang S, Liu N, Su J, et al. Highly stretchable and self-healable supercapacitor with reduced graphene oxide based fiber springs. ACS Nano, (2017) 11, 2066–2074.
[19] Gonzalez-Gaitan C, Ruiz-Rosas R, Nishihara H, et al. Successful functionalization of superporous zeolite templated carbon using aminobenzene acids and electrochemical methods. Carbon, (2016) 99, 157–166.
[20] Li X, Zhao Y, Bai Y, et al. A non-woven network of porous nitrogen-doping carbon nanofibers as a binder-free electrode for supercapacitors. Electrochim Acta, (2017) 230, 445–453.
[21] Dong L, Xu C, Li Y, et al. Flexible electrodes and supercapacitors for wearable energy storage: a review by category. J Mater Chem A, (2016) 4, 4659–4685.
[22] Huang C, Zhang J, Young NP, et al. Solid-state supercapacitors with rationally designed heterogeneous electrodes fabricated by large area spray processing for wearable energy storage applications. Sci Rep,( 2016) 6, 25684.
[23] Wang Y, Shi Z, Huang Y, et al. Supercapacitor devices based on graphene materials. J Phys Chem C, 2009, 113: 13103–13107.
[24] Ma W, Chen S, Yang S, et al. Hierarchical MnO2 nanowire/graphene hybrid fibers with excellent electrochemical performance for flexible solid-state supercapacitors. J Power Sources (2016) 306, 481–488.
[25] Wang D, Fang G, Xue T, et al. A melt route for the synthesis of activated carbon derived from carton box for high performance symmetric supercapacitor applications. J Power Sources, (2016) 307, 401–409.
[26] Wu S, Zhu Y. Highly densified carbon electrode materials towards practical supercapacitor devices. Sci China Mater, (2017) 60, 25–38.
[27] Sahu V, Shekhar S, Sharma RK, et al. Ultrahigh performance supercapacitor from lacey reduced graphene oxide nanoribbons, ACS Appl Mater Interfaces (2015) 7, 3110–3116.
[28] Wang JG, Kang F, Wei B. Engineering of MnO2-based nanocomposites for high-performance supercapacitors. Prog Mater Sci, (2015) 74, 51–124.
[29] Dhawale DS, Kim S, Park DH, et al. Hierarchically ordered porous CoOOH thin-film electrodes for high-performance supercapacitors. Chem Electro Chem, (2015) 2, 497–502.
[30] Wang R, Luo Y, Chen Z, et al. The effect of loading density of nickel-cobalt sulfide arrays on their cyclic stability and rate performance for supercapacitors. Sci China Mater, (2016) 59, 629–638.
[31] Choi KM, Jeong HM, Park JH, et al. Supercapacitors of nanocrystalline metal-organic frameworks. ACS Nano, (2014) 8, 7451–7457.
[32] Sun L, Campbell MG, Dincă M. Electrically conductive porous metal-organic frameworks. Angew Chem Int Ed, (2016) 55, 3566– 3579.
[33] Zhang YZ, Cheng T, Wang Y, et al. A simple approach to boost capacitance: flexible supercapacitors based on manganese oxides@ MOFs via chemically induced in situ self-transformation. Adv Mater, (2016) 28, 5242–5248.
[34] Guan C, Zhao W, Hu Y, et al. Cobalt oxide and N-doped carbon nanosheets derived from a single two-dimensional metal-organic framework precursor and their application in flexible asymmetric supercapacitors. Nanoscale Horiz, (2017) 2, 99–105.
[35] Lee DY, Yoon SJ, Shrestha NK, et al. Unusual energy storage and charge retention in Co-based metal-organic-frameworks. Micropor Mesopor Mater, (2012) 153, 163–165.
[36] Yang J, Xiong P, Zheng C, et al. Metal-organic frameworks: a new promising class of materials for a high performance supercapacitor electrode. J Mater Chem A, (2014) 2, 16640–16644.
[37] Worrall SD, Mann H, Rogers A, et al. Electrochemical deposition of zeolitic imidazolate framework electrode coatings for supercapacitor electrodes. Electrochim Acta, (2016) 197, 228–240.
[38] Jeon JW, Sharma R, Meduri P, et al. In situ one-step synthesis of hierarchical nitrogen-doped porous carbon for high-performance supercapacitors. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces, (2014) 6, 7214–7222.
[39] Hao F, Li L, Zhang X, et al. Synthesis and electrochemical capacitive properties of nitrogen-doped porous carbon micropolyhedra by direct carbonization of zeolitic imidazolate framework-11. Mater Res Bull, (2015) 66, 88–95.
[40] Yu M, Zhang L, He X, et al. 3D interconnected porous carbons from MOF-5 for supercapacitors. Mater Lett, (2016) 172, 81–84.
[41] Mahmood A, Zou R, Wang Q, et al. Nanostructured electrode materials derived from metal-organic framework xerogels for high-energy-density asymmetric supercapacitor. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces, (2016) 8, 2148–2157.
[42] Liu X, Shi C, Zhai C, et al. Cobalt-based layered metal-organic framework as an ultrahigh capacity supercapacitor electrode material. ACS Appl Mater Interfaces, (2016) 8, 4585–4591.
[43] Meng F, Fang Z, Li Z, et al. Porous Co3O4 materials prepared by solid-state thermolysis of a novel Co-MOF crystal and their superior energy storage performances for supercapacitors. J Mater Chem A, (2013) 1, 7235–7241.
[44] Maiti S, Pramanik A, Mahanty S. Extraordinarily high pseudocapacitance of metal organic framework derived nanostructured cerium oxide. Chem Commun, (2014) 50, 11717–11720.
[45] Salunkhe RR, Tang J, Kamachi Y, et al. Asymmetric supercapacitors using 3D nanoporous carbon and cobalt oxide electrode synthesized from a single metal-organic framework. ACS Nano, (2015) 9, 6288–6296.
[46] Sheberla D, Bachman JC, Elias JS, et al. Conductive MOF electrodes for stable supercapacitors with high areal capacitance. Nat Mater, (2016) 16, 220–224.
[47] Courtney A. Downes, Smaranda C. Marinescu, Electrocatalytic Metal-Organic Frameworks for Energy Applications, Chem sus chem, (2017) 10, 4374-4392.
[48] D.-Y. Du, J.-S. Qin, S.-L. Li, Z.-M. Su, Y.-Q. Lan, Recent advances in porous polyoxometalate-based metal-organic framework materials. Chem. Soc. Rev. (2014) 43, 4615-4632.
[49] L. Wang, Y. Wu, R. Cao, L. Ren, M. Chen, X. Feng, J. Zhou, B. Wang, Fe/Ni metal–organic frameworks and their binder-free thin films for efficient oxygen evolution with low over potential. ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces, (2016) 8, 16736-16743.
[50] X.-F. Lu, P.-Q. Liao, J.-W. Wang, J.-X. Wu, X.-W. Chen, C.-T. He, J.-P. Zhang, G.-R. Li, X.-M. An Alkaline-Stable, Metal Hydroxide Mimicking Metal-Organic Framework for Efficient Electrocatalytic Oxygen Evolution.Chen, J. Am. Chem. Soc.,( 2016) 138, 8336-8339.
[51] M. Jiang, L. Li, D. Zhu, H. Zhang, X. Zhao, Oxygen reduction in the nanocage of metal–organic frameworks with an electron transfer mediator J. Mater. Chem. A, (2014) 2, 5323-5329.
[52] J.-Q. Shen, P.-Q. Liao, D.-D. Zhou, C.-T. He, J.-X. Wu, W.-X. Zhang, J.-P. Zhang, X.-M. Modular and Stepwise Synthesis of a Hybrid Metal-Organic Framework for Efficient Electrocatalytic Oxygen Evolution. Chen, J. Am. Chem. Soc. (2017) 139, 1778-1781.
[53] P. M. Usov, S. R. Ahrenholtz, W. A. Maza, B. Stratakes, C. C. Epley, M. C. Kessinger, J. Zhu, A. J. Morris, Cooperative electrochemical water oxidation by Zr nodes and Ni–porphyrin linkers of a PCN-224 MOF thin film, J. Mater. Chem. A, (2016) 4, 16818-16823.
[54] F. Dai, W. Fan, J. Bi, P. Jiang, D. Liu, X. Zhang, H. Lin, C. Gong, R. Wang, L. Zhang, D. Sun, A lead–porphyrin metal–organic framework: gas adsorption properties and electrocatalytic activity for water oxidation, Dalton. Trans. (2016) 45, 61-65.
[55] Dennis Sheberla, Lei Sun, Martin A. Blood-Forsythe, Suleyman Er, Casey R. Wade, Carl K. Brozek, Alan Aspuru-Guzik, and Mircea Dinca, High electrical conductivity in Ni3(2,3,6,7,10,11-hexaiminotriphenylene)2, a semiconducting metal−organic graphene analogue, J. Am. Chem. Soc., (2014) 136 (25), 8859–8862.
[56] Dennis Sheberla, John C. Bachman, Joseph S. Elias, Cheng-Jun Sun, Yang Shao-Horn and Mircea Dinca, Conductive MOF electrodes for stable supercapacitors with high areal capacitance, Nature materials, (2017) 6, 220-225.
[57] Tian Yi Ma, Sheng Dai, Mietek Jaroniec, and Shi Zhang Qiao, Metal Organic Framework derived hybrid Co3O4 Carbon porous nanowire arrays as reversible oxygen evolution electrodes, J. Am. Chem. Soc. (2014) 136, 13925−13931.
[58] Ronald Chwang, B. J. Smith, C.R.Crowell, Contact size effects on the van der Pauw method for resistivity and Hall coefficient measurement, Solid state electronics (1974) 17, 1217-1312.
[59] Chmiola, J. et al. Anomalous increase in carbon capacitance at pore sizes less than 1 nanometer. Science (2006) 313, 1760-1763.
[60] Miner, E. M. et al. Electrochemical oxygen reduction catalysed by Ni3(hexaiminotriphenylene)2. Nat. Commun. (2016) 7, 10942.
[61] Gogotsi, Y. & Simon, P. True performance metrics in electrochemical energy storage. Science, (2011) 334, 917- 918.
[62] Xu, Y. et al. Holey graphene frameworks for highly efficient capacitive energy storage. Nat. Commun. (2014) 5, 4554.
[63] Taberna, P. L., Portet, C. & Simon, P. Electrode surface treatment and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy study on carbon/carbon supercapacitors. Appl. Phys. A (2006) 82, 639- 646.
[64] Zhang Q, Chen H, Wang J, Xu D, Li X, Yang Y, Zhang K, Growth of hierarchical 3D mesoporous NiSix/NiCo2O4 Core/Shell Hetero structures on Nickel Foam for Lithium-Ion Batteries, ChemSusChem (2014) 7(8), 2325–2334.
[65] Li, Y. G.; Wang, H. L.; Liang, Y. Y.; Wu, J. Z.; Zhou, J. G.; Wang, J.; Regier, T.; Wei, F.; Dai, H. J. An advanced Ni-Fe layered double hydroxide electrocatalyst for water oxidation, J. Am. Chem. Soc. (2013) 135, 8452−8455.
[66] Jin, K.; Park, J.; Lee, J.; Yang, K. D.; Pradhan, G. K.; Sim, U.; Jeong, D.; Jang, H. L.; Park, S.; Kim, D.; Sung, N. E.; Kim, S. H.; Han, S.; Nam, K. T. Hydrated manganese(II) phosphate (Mn₃(PO₄)₂·3H₂O) as a water oxidation catalyst.J. Am. Chem. Soc. (2014) 136, 7435−7443.
[67] Wang, J., Zhong, H. X., Qin, Y. L., Zhang, X. B. An efficient three-dimensional oxygen evolution electrode. Angew. Chem., (2013) 125, 5356−5361.
[68] Wang D, Chen X, Evans DG. Well‐dispersed Co3O4/Co2MnO4 nanocomposites as a synergistic bifunctional catalyst for oxygen reduction and oxygen evolution reactions, Nanoscale. (2013) 5, 5312‐5315.
[69] Gong M, Zhou W, Tsai MC. Nanoscale nickel oxide/nickel heterostructures for active hydrogen evolution electrocatalysis. Nature Communications. (2014) 5, 1‐6.
[70] Y. Liang, Y. G. Li, H. L. Wang, J. G. Zhou, J. Wang, T. Regier, H. J. Dai, Co₃O₄ nanocrystals on graphene as a synergistic catalyst for oxygen reduction reaction. Nat. Mater. (2011) 10, 780−786.
[71] M. R. Gao, Y. F. Xu, J. Jiang, Y. R. Zheng, S. H. Yu, Water oxidation electrocatalyzed by an efficient Mn3O4/CoSe2 nanocomposite, J. Am. Chem. Soc.(2012) 134, 2930–2933.
[72] X. Liu, Z. Chang, L. Luo, T. Xu, X. Lei, J. Liu, X. Sun, Non-precious cobalt oxalate microstructures as highly efficient electrocatalysts for oxygen evolution reaction. Chem. Mater. A (2014) 26, 1889–1895.
[73] Y. Li, P. Hasin, Y. Wu, Ni(x)Co(3-x)O(4) nanowire arrays for electrocatalytic oxygen evolution. Adv. Mater. (2010) 22, 1926–1929.
[74] B. Lu, D. Cao, P. Wang, G. Wang, Y. Gao, Oxygen evolution reaction on Ni-substituted Co3O4 nanowire array electrodes. Int. J. Hydrogen Energy (2011) 36, 72–78.
[75] Y. Zhao, R. Nakamura, K. Kamiya, S. Nakanishi, K. Has himoto, Nitrogen-doped carbon nanomaterials as non-metal electrocatalysts for water oxidation. Nat. Commun. (2013) 4, 2390.