Kinetic study of combined steam and CO2 reforming of methane over Ni-Sr/MgO-ZrO2 catalyst

Kinetic study of combined steam and CO2 reforming of methane over Ni-Sr/MgO-ZrO2 catalyst

AHMAD Salam Farooqi, BAWADI Abdullah, FREDERIC Marias, AMANDA Yap Yi Tong, UMAIR Ishtiaq

download PDF

Abstract. Combined steam and CO2 reforming of methane (CSCRM) has gained increasing attention as a potential solution to mitigate global warming and addressing the demand for alternative energy resources. In this study, the reaction kinetics of CSCRM over high-performance Ni-Sr/MgO-ZrO2 bimetallic catalyst is investigated in a fixed bed reactor. The rate of reaction was analyzed at a temperatures ranging from 700-800℃ and reactant partial pressures of CH4, CO2 and H2O ranging from 5-50 kPa. The apparent activation energies for CH4 and CO2 consumption were found to be 20.94 kJ/mol and 27.53 kJ/mol respectively. The experimental results obtained were then fitted with a Power Law kinetic model and showed good agreement with R2 values of 0.86-0.91.

Reaction Kinetics, CSCRM, Bimetallic Catalyst, Activation Energy, Power Law

Published online 5/20/2023, 9 pages
Copyright © 2023 by the author(s)
Published under license by Materials Research Forum LLC., Millersville PA, USA

Citation: AHMAD Salam Farooqi, BAWADI Abdullah, FREDERIC Marias, AMANDA Yap Yi Tong, UMAIR Ishtiaq, Kinetic study of combined steam and CO2 reforming of methane over Ni-Sr/MgO-ZrO2 catalyst, Materials Research Proceedings, Vol. 29, pp 407-415, 2023


The article was published as article 46 of the book Sustainable Processes and Clean Energy Transition

Content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 license. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI.

[1] K. Jabbour, “Tuning combined steam and dry reforming of methane for ‘metgas’ production: A thermodynamic approach and state-of-the-art catalysts,” J. Energy Chem., vol. 48, pp. 54–91, 2020,
[2] A. Midilli and I. Dincer, “Hydrogen as a renewable and sustainable solution in reducing global fossil fuel consumption,” Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, vol. 33, no. 16, pp. 4209–4222, 2008,
[3] H. J. Jun, M.-J. Park, S.-C. Baek, J. W. Bae, K.-S. Ha, and K.-W. Jun, “Kinetics modeling for the mixed reforming of methane over Ni-CeO2/MgAl2O4 catalyst,” J. Nat. Gas Chem., vol. 20, no. 1, pp. 9–17, 2011,
[4] A. S. Farooqi et al., “Syngas production via dry reforming of methane over Nibased catalysts,” IOP Conf. Ser. Mater. Sci. Eng., vol. 736, no. 4, p. 042007, 2020,
[5] S. Aslam, A. S. Farooqi, M. Y. A. Rahman, and S. A. M. Samsuri, “Titanium-Based Vacancy-Ordered Double Halide Family in Perovskite Solar Cells,” Phys. status solidi, vol. 219, no. 8, p. 2100671, Apr. 2022,
[6] A. L. Karemore, R. Sinha, P. Chugh, and P. D. Vaidya, “Mixed reforming of methane over Ni–K/CeO2–Al2O3: Study of catalyst performance and reaction kinetics,” Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, vol. 46, no. 7, pp. 5223–5233, 2021,
[7] A. S. Farooqi et al., “Syngas Production via Bi-Reforming of Methane Over Fibrous KCC-1 Stabilized Ni Catalyst,” Top. Catal., 2022,
[8] M. B. Bahari, H. D. Setiabudi, T. D. Nguyen, A. A. Jalil, N. Ainirazali, and D.-V. N. Vo, “Hydrogen production via CO2CH4 reforming over cobalt-supported mesoporous alumina: A kinetic evaluation,” Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, vol. 46, no. 48, pp. 24742–24753, 2021,
[9] P. Kulchakovsky, Syngas Production By Thermal Partial Oxidation of Methane With Technical Oxygen. 2016.
[10] A. S. Farooqi et al., “Combined H2O and CO2 Reforming of CH4 Over Ca Promoted Ni/Al2O3 Catalyst: Enhancement of Ni-CaO Interactions,” in Lecture Notes in Mechanical Engineering, 2021, pp. 220–229,
[11] A. S. Farooqi et al., “A comprehensive review on improving the production of rich-hydrogen via combined steam and CO2 reforming of methane over Ni-based catalysts,” Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, vol. 46, no. 60, pp. 31024–31040, 2021,
[12] A. S. Farooqi, M. Yusuf, N. A. M. Zabidi, K. Sanaullah, and B. Abdullah, “CO2 conversion technologies for clean fuels production,” in Carbon Dioxide Capture and Conversion, S. Nanda, D.-V. N. Vo, and V.-H. B. T.-C. D. C. and C. Nguyen, Eds. Elsevier, 2022, pp. 37–63.
[13] H. S. Whang et al., “Enhanced activity and durability of Ru catalyst dispersed on zirconia for dry reforming of methane,” Catal. Today, vol. 293–294, pp. 122–128, 2017,
[14] A. S. Farooqi et al., “Hydrogen-rich syngas production from bi-reforming of greenhouse gases over zirconia modified Ni/MgO catalyst,” Int. J. Energy Res., vol. 46, no. 3, pp. 2529–2545, Mar. 2022,
[15] J. Estephane et al., “CO2 reforming of methane over Ni–Co/ZSM5 catalysts. Aging and carbon deposition study,” Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, vol. 40, no. 30, pp. 9201–9208, 2015,
[16] A. Awan et al., “Green synthesis of molybdenum-based nanoparticles and their applications in energy conversion and storage: A review,” Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, 2021,
[17] U. Oemar, Y. Kathiraser, L. Mo, X. K. Ho, and S. Kawi, “CO2 reforming of methane over highly active La-promoted Ni supported on SBA-15 catalysts: mechanism and kinetic modelling,” Catal. Sci. Technol., vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 1173–1186, 2016,
[18] G. Sierra Gallego, C. Batiot-Dupeyrat, J. Barrault, and F. Mondragón, “Dual Active-Site Mechanism for Dry Methane Reforming over Ni/La2O3 Produced from LaNiO3 Perovskite,” Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., vol. 47, no. 23, pp. 9272–9278, Dec. 2008,
[19] N. Kumar, M. Shojaee, and J. J. Spivey, “Catalytic bi-reforming of methane: From greenhouse gases to syngas,” Curr. Opin. Chem. Eng., vol. 9, pp. 8–15, 2015,
[20] W. J. Jang et al., “Combined steam and carbon dioxide reforming of methane and side reactions: Thermodynamic equilibrium analysis and experimental application,” Appl. Energy, vol. 173, pp. 80–91, 2016,
[21] O. Omoregbe et al., “Syngas production from methane dry reforming over Ni/SBA-15 catalyst: Effect of operating parameters,” Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, vol. 42, no. 16, pp. 11283–11294, 2017,
[22] Ş. Özkara-Aydnolu, “Thermodynamic equilibrium analysis of combined carbon dioxide reforming with steam reforming of methane to synthesis gas,” Int. J. Hydrogen Energy, vol. 35, no. 23, pp. 12821–12828, 2010,
[23] N. M. Schweitzer, J. A. Schaidle, O. K. Ezekoye, X. Pan, S. Linic, and L. T. Thompson, “High Activity Carbide Supported Catalysts for Water Gas Shift,” J. Am. Chem. Soc., vol. 133, no. 8, pp. 2378–2381, Mar. 2011,
[24] Y. Kathiraser, U. Oemar, E. T. Saw, Z. Li, and S. Kawi, “Kinetic and mechanistic aspects for CO2 reforming of methane over Ni based catalysts,” Chem. Eng. J., vol. 278, pp. 62–78, 2015,