Photocatalytic Membranes


Photocatalytic Membranes

P. Senthil Kumar, P.R. Yaashikaa

A photocatalytic membrane can be characterized as a blend between a photocatalyst and membrane; it is promising for taking care of the issues experienced in detachment and photocatalysis. The photocatalyst can deliver, by retention of bright, infrared, or obvious light, compound changes of response accomplices, continually accompanying them into different compound communications without the event of a perpetual change of its synthetic synthesis. There has been significant advancement in the improvement of photocatalytic membrane through joining of metal-oxide photocatalysts to upgrade the presentation of the membranes. An ideal measure of the photocatalyst ought to be consolidated into the membrane to acknowledge sensible photocatalytic action with insignificant outcomes. New improvements in structure and assembling of photocatalytic membranes have made an incredible commitment to the photocatalytic application. Hybridizing photocatalysis with membrane offers photocatalytic response and products partition in a solitary advance and well control of the product maintenance. This section features a portion of the ongoing advances in photocatalytic membrane – kinds of photocatalysts hybridized with the membrane frameworks, reactor design, and average strategies for the creation of photocatalytic membranes, manufacture and membrane application in cleansing and pollutant expulsion from wastewater.

Photocatalysis, Membrane, Metal-Oxide Photocatalysts, Wastewater, Purification

Published online 4/1/2021, 20 pages

Citation: P. Senthil Kumar, P.R. Yaashikaa, Photocatalytic Membranes, Materials Research Foundations, Vol. 100, pp 253-272, 2021


Part of the book on Photocatalysis

[1] R. Molinari, L. Palmisano, E. Drioli, M. Schiavello, Studies on various reactor configurations for coupling photocatalysis and membrane processes in water purification, J. Membr. Sci. 206 (2002) 399 – 415.
[2] S.A. Braslavsky, A.M. Braun, A.E. Cassano, A.V. Emeline, M. Litter, L. Palmisano, V.N. Parmon, N. Serpone, Glossary of terms used in photocatalysis and radiation catalysis (IUPAC recommendations 2011). Pure Appl. Chem. 83 (2011) 931-1014.
[3] A. Stankiewicz, Reactive separations for process intensification: An industrial perspective, Chem. Eng. Process 42 (2003) 137-144.
[4] J-C. Charpentier, Modern Chemical Engineering in the Framework of Globalization, Sustainability, and Technical Innovation, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 46 (2007) 3465–3485.
[5] I.F.J. Vankelecom, Polymeric Membranes in Catalytic Reactors, Chem. Rev. 102 (2002) 3779-3810.
[6] M. Roso, A. Lorenzetti, S. Besco, M. Monti, G. Berti, M. Modesti, Application of empirical modelling in multi-membranes membrane manufacturing, Comput. Chem. Eng. 35 (2011) 2248-2256.
[7] C. Zamfirescu, I. Dincer, G.F. Naterer, Analysis of a photochemical water-splitting reactor with supramolecular catalysts and a proton exchange membrane, Int. J. Hydrog. Energy 36 (2011) 11273-11281.
[8] J.H. Jhaveri, Z.V.P. Murthy, A comprehensive review on anti-fouling nanocomposite membranes for pressure driven membrane separation processes, Desalination 379 (2016) 137-154.
[9] J.W. Lee, T.O. Kwon, R. Thiruvenkatachari, I.S. Moon, Adsorption and photocatalytic degradation of bisphenol A using TiO2 and its separation by submerged hollow fiber ultrafiltration membrane, J. Environ. Sci. 18 (2006) 193-200.
[10] M. Ziegmann, F. Saravia, P.A. Torres, F.H. Frimmel, The hybrid process TiO2/PAC: performance of membrane filtration, Water Sci. Technol. 62 (2010) 1205-1212.
[11] Y. Huo, Z. Xie, X. Wang, H. Li, M. Hoang, R.A. Caruso, Methyl orange removal by combined visible-light photocatalysis and membrane distillation, Dyes Pigm. 98 (2013) 106-112.
[12] S. Mozia, Photocatalytic membrane reactors (PMRs) in water and wastewater treatment. A review, Sep. Purif. Technol. 73 (2010) 71–91.
[13] R. Molinari, C. Lavorato, P. Argurio, Photocatalytic reduction of acetophenone in membrane reactors under UV and visible light using TiO2 and Pd/TiO2 catalysts, Chem. Eng. J. , 274 (2015) 307-316.
[14] S.O. Ganiyu, E.D. van Hullebusch, M. Cretin, G. Esposito, M.A. Oturan, Coupling of membrane filtration and advanced oxidation processes for removal of pharmaceutical residues: a critical review, Sep. Purif. Technol. 156 (2015) 891 – 914.
[15] W. Zhang, L. Ding, J. Luo, M.Y. Jaffrin, B. Tang, Membrane fouling in photocatalytic membrane reactors (PMRs) for water and wastewater treatment: A critical review, Chem. Eng. J. 302 (2016) 446-458.
[16] W.Y. Wang, A. Irawan, Y. Ku, Photocatalytic degradation of Acid Red 4 using a titanium dioxide membrane supported on a porous ceramic tube, Water Res. 42 (2008) 4725-4732.
[17] S. Zhou, A.K. Ray, Kinetic studies for photocatalytic degradation of eosin B on a thin membrane of titanium oxide, Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 42 (2003) 6020 – 6033.
[18] P.A. Pekakis, N.P. Xekoukoulotakis, D. Mantzavinos, Treatment of textile dyehouse wastewater by TiO2 photocatalysis, Water Res. 40 (2006) 1276-1286.
[19] J.M. Herrmann, Heterogeneous Photocatalysis: State of the Art and Present Applications, Top. Catal. 34 (2005) 49-65.
[20] L. Aoudjit, P.M. Martins, F. Madjene, D.Y. Petrovykh, S. Lanceros-Mendez, Photocatalytic reusable membranes for the effective degradation of tartrazine with a solar photoreactor, J. Hazard. Mater. 344 (2018) 408 – 416.
[21] A. Fujishima, X.T. Zhang, D.A. Tryk, TiO2 Photocatalysis and Related Surface Phenomena, Surf. Sci. Rep. 63 (2008) 515-582.
[22] H. Xu, S. Ouyang, L. Liu, P. Reunchan, N. Umezawa, J. Ye, Recent advances in TiO2 – based photocatalysis, J. Mater. Chem. A 2 (2014) 12642.
[23] X. Chen, S.S. Mao, Titanium Dioxide Nanomaterials:  Synthesis, Properties, Modifications, and Applications, Chem. Rev. 107 (2007) 2891-2959.
[24] X. Chen, C. Burda, The Electronic Origin of the Visible-Light Absorption Properties of C-, N- and S-Doped TiO2 Nanomaterials, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130 (2008) 5018-5019.
[25] C.G. Silva, R. Juarez, T. Marino, R. Molinari, H. Garcia, Influence of excitation wavelength (UV or visible light) on the photocatalytic activity of titania containing gold nanoparticles for the generation of hydrogen or oxygen from water, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 133 (2011) 595-602.
[26] T. Kaur, A. Sraw, R.K. Wanchoo, A.P. Toor, Visible –Light Induced Photocatalytic Degradation of Fungicide with Fe and Si Doped TiO2 Nanoparticles, Mater. Today: Proceedings, 3 (2016) 354-361.
[27] M. Qamar, M. Muneer, A comparative photocatalytic activity of titanium dioxide and zinc oxide by investigating the degradation of vanillin, Desalination, 249 (2009) 535-540.
[28] R. Kitture, S.J. Koppikar, R. Kaul-Ghanekar, S.N. Kale, Catalyst efficiency, photostability and reusability study of ZnO nanoparticles in visible light for dye degradation, J. Phys. Chem. Solids 72 (2011) 60-66.
[29] P. Dong, G. Hou, X. Xi, R. Shao, F. Dong, WO3 – based photocatalysts: morphology control, activity enhancement and multifunctional applications, Environmental Science, 4 (2017) 539 – 557.
[30] M.A. Gondal, M.S. Sadullah, T.F. Qahtan, M.A. Dastageer, U. Baig, G.H. McKinley, Fabrication and Wettability Study of WO3 Coated Photocatalytic Membrane for Oil-Water Separation: A Comparative Study with ZnO Coated Membrane, Sci. Rep. 7 (2017) 1686.
[31] N. Shafaei, M. Peyravi, M. Jahanshahi, Improving surface structure of photocatalytic self‐cleaning membrane by WO3/PANI nanoparticles, Polym. Adv. Technol. 27 (2016) 1325-1337.
[32] I. Horovitz, D. Avisar, M.A. Baker, R. Grilli, L. Lozzi, D. Di Camillo, H. Mamane, Carbamazepine degradation using a N-doped TiO2 coated photocatalytic membrane reactor: Influence of physical parameters, J. Hazard. Mater. 310 (2016) 98-107.
[33] O. Iglesias, M.J. Rivero, A.M. Urtiaga, I. Ortiz, Membrane-based photocatalytic systems for process intensification, Chem. Eng. J. 305 (2016) 136-148.