Physical and Biological Properties of Biomaterials Intended for Bone Repair Applications


Physical and Biological Properties of Biomaterials Intended for Bone Repair Applications

S.R. Gavinho, M.P.F. Graça, P.R. Prezas, C.C. Silva, F.N. Freire, A.F. Almeida, A.S.B. Sombra

Hydroxyapatite is a biomaterial which has attracted a great deal of attention because of its chemical similarity with the composition of the mineral phase of human bones – biologic hydroxyapatite. Among its most recurring applications are coatings for orthopedic and dental implants, maxillofacial surgery, otolaryngology, scaffolds for bone tissue engineering and application as powders in total hip and knee surgeries. On the other hand, bioactive glasses belonging to the system SiO2-P2O5-CaO-Na2O are reported to stimulate host bone regeneration at a higher rate than any other known biomaterial. In the present contribution, the essential and relevant physical and biological properties of these biomaterials will be discussed.

Bioceramics, Hydroxyapatite, Mechanical Alloying, In vivo Bioactivity, Bioglass®

Published online 9/20/2019, 22 pages

Citation: S.R. Gavinho, M.P.F. Graça, P.R. Prezas, C.C. Silva, F.N. Freire, A.F. Almeida, A.S.B. Sombra, Physical and Biological Properties of Biomaterials Intended for Bone Repair Applications, Materials Research Foundations, Vol. 57, pp 1-22, 2019


Part of the book on Engineering Magnetic, Dielectric and Microwave Properties of Ceramics and Alloys

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