A Study of the Potentiality of use of Siwei Palm Midribs in Charcoal Production
Maysa Muhammad, Hamed Elmouslydownload PDF
Abstract. The objective of this study utilizes the residues of Siwei palm midrib to produce charcoal with satisfactory environmental, medical, and industrial applications. Choosing the Siwei palm midrib residues is based on its distribution all over Egypt and availability for Egyptian farmers. The study objective was achieved by passing with some steps. The first step prepared the samples, where used the Siwei palm midrib samples and then divided the Siwei palm midrib into five parts (top, middle, base, knee, and end), according to the dimension of the inner reactor. The second step is to design and manufactures a pyrolysis reactor (test rig) to produce charcoal. The third step is carbonization cycle process for the samples of Siwei palm midrib five parts with quantity for all part, where the carbonization cycle process steps according to food and agriculture organization (FAO) standard. The four-step is experimental analysis for ten samples of Siwei palm midrib five parts (row material before carbonization) and Siwei palm midrib five parts (after carbonization) in labs according to American society for testing and materials (ASTM) standards. The experimental analysis divided into proximate analysis such as (moisture content, ash content, volatility matter content, and fixed carbon content), ultimate analysis such as sulfur, and calorific value(also known as heating value or a specific value). Finally, after comparing the results of the experimental analysis for samples Siwei palm midrib parts (after carbonization) to FAO standard values. The potentiality of production of charcoal from Siwei palm midribs with satisfactory properties has been proven. The procedure charcoal is suitable for environmental, medical, and industrial applications. According to FAO, the best samples are the top part of palm midrib in Siwei, followed by the base, middle, knee, and end. The whole Siwei palm midrib could be utilized realizing the calorific value 88% of the FAO standard. The designed reactor in this work could serve as a model for the production of charcoal from palm midribs in the village conditions.
charcoal production, biochar production, palm midrib charcoal, production of charcoal from agriculture residues
Published online 4/20/2019, 7 pages
Copyright © 2019 by the author(s)
Published under license by Materials Research Forum LLC., Millersville PA, USA
Citation: Maysa Muhammad, Hamed Elmously, A Study of the Potentiality of use of Siwei Palm Midribs in Charcoal Production, Materials Research Proceedings, Vol. 11, pp 143-149, 2019
The article was published as article 9 of the book By-Products of Palm Trees and Their Applications
Content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 licence. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI.
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