A Critical Review on Spectroscopic Characterization of Sustainable Nanocomposites Containing Carbon Nano Fillers


A Critical Review on Spectroscopic Characterization of Sustainable Nanocomposites Containing Carbon Nano Fillers

Teklit Gebregiorgis Amabye, Mabrahtu Hagos, Hayelom Dargo Beyene

Nanomaterials are a relatively new class of materials that have at least one dimension in a size range below one hundred nanometers (<100nm) resulting in properties that are significantly different from their bulk-sized analogue materials. These opened new application platforms as reinforcing fillers in plastic composites, functional materials in sensors and energy, and in biomedical applications such as medical diagnosis and prevention, and drug delivery. Nanomaterials have various interesting physicochemical properties such as electrical conductivity, antimicrobial properties, reinforcing capability, photoactivity, optical properties, etc. Thus, characterization of nanomaterials is crucial to fully understand their merits in various material systems. In this review, an overview of various nanomaterial characterizations techniques with an emphasis on spectroscopic techniques is presented. The utilization of scanning tunnelling microscopy (STM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and ultraviolet-visible diffuse reflection spectroscopy (UV–vis) are highlighted. Furthermore, future trends of these spectroscopic characterizations for nanomaterials and nanocomposites applications are discussed. Keywords
Nanomaterials, Spectroscopy, Carbon Nanotubes, Graphene, Nanocomposites

Published online 11/20/2018, 36 pages

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21741/9781945291975-10

Part of the book on Carbonaceous Composite Materials

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