Simulation of Cavitation Erosion in a Hydraulic Valve

Simulation of Cavitation Erosion in a Hydraulic Valve


download PDF

Abstract. This paper presents a numerical simulation of cavitation of a non-return hydraulic valve. Cavitation is one of the most common reasons of hydraulic system failures or malfunctioning. Due to complex geometry and flow path which may rapidly change, hydraulic valves are exposed to a cavitation phenomenon. Additionally, hydraulic fluid always includes contaminants including dissolver air, which may accelerate nucleation formation. Despite the fact that cavitation is not a fully discovered phenomenon, an attempt of simulation of cavitation process was taken using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) tools.

Cavitation Erosion, CFD Simulation, Non-return Valve

Published online 7/16/2018, 6 pages
Copyright © 2018 by the author(s)
Published under license by Materials Research Forum LLC., Millersville PA, USA

Citation: DOMAGAŁA Mariusz, MOMENI Hassan, DOMAGALA-FABIS Joanna, FILO Grzegorz, KWIATKOWSKI Dominik, ‘Simulation of Cavitation Erosion in a Hydraulic Valve’, Materials Research Proceedings, Vol. 5, pp 1-6, 2018


The article was published as article 1 of the book Terotechnology

Content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 licence. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI.

[1] Brennen C, E, Cavitation and buble dynamics. Oxford University Press (1995).
[2] Z. Kudzma, M. Stasiak, Studies of flow and cavitation of hydraulic lift valve, Archives of civil and mechanical engineering 15, 2015, 951-961.
[3] R. Amirante, E. Distaso, P. Tamburrano, Experimental and numerical analysis of cavitation in hydraulic proportional directional valves, Energy Conversion and Management, 87 (2014) 208–219.
[4] J. R. Valdés, J. M. Rodríguez, R. Monge a, J. C. Peña, T. Pütz, Numerical simulation and experimental validation of the cavitating flow through a ball check valve, Energy Conversion and Management 78 (2014) 776–786.
[5] Flashing and cavitation (information available on 15.02.2018)
[6] ANSYS CFX-Solver Theory Guide, Release 18.2, Ansys Inc, 2017
[7] M. Schümichen, F. Rüdiger, J. Fröhlich, Simulation of the cavitating flow in a model oil hydraulic spool valve using different model approaches 10th International Fluid Power Conference (10. IFK) March 8 – 10, 2016, Vol. 1, pp. 321-332
[8] J. Fabis-Domagala, Analysis of dfefects and failures of hydraulic gear pumps with the use of selected qualitative methods, Tribologia 2/2017, 33-38, ISSN 0208-7774
[9] M. Domagala, Simulation of cavitation in jet pumps, Technical Transactions, ISSN 1897-6328, 2013, 51-58
[10] E. Lisowski, G. Filo, CFD analysis of proportional flow control valve with an innovative opening shape, Energy Conversion and Management 123, 2016, 15-28.