Analysis of the Residual Stress in ARMOX 500T Armour Steel and Numerical Study of the Resultant Ballistic Performance

Analysis of the Residual Stress in ARMOX 500T Armour Steel and Numerical Study of the Resultant Ballistic Performance

M. Saleh, V. Luzin, M.M. Kariem, D. Ruan

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Abstract. Armour steels and their response to ballistic and blast threats have been dutifully studied in light of increased conflict and advances in protection levels. The strength of these quenched and tempered martensitic steels is a result of micro alloying, Ni Cr, and Mn, a combination of hot and cold rolling of the steel and proprietary heat treatments. The resultant hardness and toughness are pronounced and are reflected in the ballistic performance of the steel, although the role of the residual stress (RS) has not been unambiguously confirmed. To elucidate the effects of the RS on ballistic properties a two-step study was performed. Firstly, stress measurements were carried out on ARMOX 500T on the RS diffractometer KOWARI at ANSTO on a 8.3 mm thick plate. Stress components in rolling and transverse directions were calculated. Using the experimentally measured stress profiles as an input, numerical analysis was carried out on the ballistic response of the plate to the 7.62 mm APM2 round. Since numerical modelling inherently require the evaluation of material properties at elevated strain rates, to gauge the impact driven stress-strain response, the material’s responses were derived using experiments utilising quasi-static testing and instrumented high strain rate experiments using the Split Hopkinson Pressure Bar (SHPB) at Swinburne University, Australia. These experimentally determined high strain rate data were incorporated into the Johnson-Cook (J-C) computational models for the flow stress along with literature sourced parameters for the failure model of the plate. Analysis of the two starting conditions, with and without residual stress, allows the authors to draw some conclusion about the role of the residual stress on the ballistic performance of ARMOX 500T armour steel.

Residual Stress, ARMOX, Ballistic, FEA, Johnson-Cook

Published online 12/22/2016, 6 pages
Copyright © 2016 by the author(s)
Published under license by Materials Research Forum LLC., Millersville PA, USA

Citation: M. Saleh, V. Luzin, M.M. Kariem, D. Ruan, ‘Analysis of the Residual Stress in ARMOX 500T Armour Steel and Numerical Study of the Resultant Ballistic Performance’, Materials Research Proceedings, Vol. 2, pp 437-442, 2017


The article was published as article 74 of the book Residual Stresses 2016

Content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 licence. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI.

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