Fire Induced Microstructural Changes in Local Building Materials: Cases of White Marble and Limestone

Fire Induced Microstructural Changes in Local Building Materials: Cases of White Marble and Limestone

Laila AKRAM, Imane FIKRI, Abdelkhalek KAMMOUNI, Salam KHRISSI, Mustapha HADDAD, Saadia AIT LYAZIDI

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Abstract. The aim of this work is to evaluate the degradation state of natural stones after their exposure to fire. These building and decorative materials, widely used in the architectural heritage, suffer irreversible damage when exposed to high temperatures. Therefore, knowledge of their residual durability is crucial in order to determine whether the post-fire building structure should be restored, reinforced or demolished. For this purpose, limestones (calcarenites) and white marbles collected from local quarries were subjected to heating-cooling cycles in a muffle furnace at various temperatures up to 1100°C. After each exposure, the selected samples were characterized at room temperature using X-ray diffraction (XRD), micro-Raman and ATR-FTIR infrared techniques. The results obtained showed that the mineralogical nature of both calcareous and marble natural stones is a key factor in their thermal stability when exposed to high temperatures. Above 570°C, natural stones undergo calcite decarbonation at different temperature ranges. Marble, which is mineralogically monophasic, underwent decomposition at 800°C, similar to calcite in its pure state. Calcarenite was decomposed at a much lower temperature of about 700 °C. This study classifies marble as more thermally stable than calcarenite.

Ancient Buildings, Limestone and Marble, Fire Exposure, Characterization Techniques, Thermal Stability

Published online 3/15/2024, 8 pages
Copyright © 2024 by the author(s)
Published under license by Materials Research Forum LLC., Millersville PA, USA

Citation: Laila AKRAM, Imane FIKRI, Abdelkhalek KAMMOUNI, Salam KHRISSI, Mustapha HADDAD, Saadia AIT LYAZIDI, Fire Induced Microstructural Changes in Local Building Materials: Cases of White Marble and Limestone, Materials Research Proceedings, Vol. 40, pp 303-310, 2024


The article was published as article 32 of the book Mediterranean Architectural Heritage

Content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 license. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI.

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