Optical fiber sensor fusion for aerospace systems lifecycle management

Optical fiber sensor fusion for aerospace systems lifecycle management

Alessandro Aimasso

download PDF

Abstract. Optical fiber is a material that can transport light signals, so resulting useful for data transmission and sensing applications. Fiber Bragg Gratings (FBG) are a specific type of optical sensors that can measure parameters like temperature, strain, and vibration. The PhD program focuses on developing a sensing and monitoring strategy for aerospace systems using FBG sensors networks. The study will include material selection, optical fiber manufacturing, sensors packaging and integration, calibration and interrogation techniques and smart logics development for acquiring and controlling phenomena affecting the equipment under test. Some experimental activities have already been conducted to analyse thermal and mechanical sensing and to define a reliable methodology for integrating sensors into various systems. During the tests, FBGs were found to have high accuracy and sensitivity for thermal variations, mechanical strain and short-term thermal transients. The crucial role of bounding technique was also enhanced. Additionally, more complex tests have been conducted for sensor more realistic systems, both for space and aeronautic environments. The results gained in this first period are positive and encouraging, suggesting further developments during PhD program.

Optical Fiber, Fiber Bragg Gratings, Sensors, Systems, Aerospace, Prognostics and Diagnostics

Published online 9/1/2023, 6 pages
Copyright © 2023 by the author(s)
Published under license by Materials Research Forum LLC., Millersville PA, USA

Citation: Alessandro Aimasso, Optical fiber sensor fusion for aerospace systems lifecycle management, Materials Research Proceedings, Vol. 33, pp 288-293, 2023

DOI: https://doi.org/10.21741/9781644902677-42

The article was published as article 42 of the book Aerospace Science and Engineering

Content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 license. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI.

[1] A. Behbahani, M. Pakmehr, and W. A. Stange, “Optical Communications and Sensing for Avionics,” in Springer Handbooks, Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH, 2020, pp. 1125–1150. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-16250-4_36
[2] S. J. Mihailov, “Fiber Bragg Grating Sensors for Harsh Environments,” Sensors, vol. 12, pp. 1898–1918, 2012. https://doi.org/10.3390/s120201898
[3] S. J. Mihailov et al., “Ultrafast laser processing of optical fibers for sensing applications,” Sensors, vol. 21, no. 4. MDPI AG, pp. 1–23, Feb. 02, 2021. https://doi.org/10.3390/s21041447
[4] R. P. Beukema, “Embedding Technologies of FBG Sensors in Composites: Technologies, Applications and Practical Use.”
[5] F. Heilmeier et al., “Evaluation of strain transition properties between cast-in fibre bragg gratings and cast aluminium during uniaxial straining,” Sensors (Switzerland), vol. 20, no. 21, pp. 1–19, Nov. 2020. https://doi.org/10.3390/s20216276
[6] H. Wang, S. Li, L. Liang, G. Xu, and B. Tu, “Fiber grating-based strain sensor array for health monitoring of pipelines,” SDHM Structural Durability and Health Monitoring, vol. 13, no. 4, pp. 347–359, 2019. https://doi.org/10.32604/sdhm.2019.05139
[7] Q. Zhang, D. Zhang, J. Li, B. Shui, and Y. Guo, “Strain measurement inside a strong pulsed magnet based on embedded fiber Bragg gratings,” in OFS2012 22nd International Conference on Optical Fiber Sensors, Oct. 2012, vol. 8421, pp. 84213P-84213P–4. https://doi.org/10.1117/12.966334
[8] D. Belmonte, M. D. L. Dalla Vedova, and P. Maggiore, “Prognostics of onboard electromechanical actuators: A new approach based on spectral analysis techniques,” International Review of Aerospace Engineering, vol. 11, no. 3, pp. 96–103, 2018. https://doi.org/10.15866/irease.v11i3.13796
[9] E. J. Friebele et al., “Optical fiber sensors for spacecraft applications,” Smart Mater. Struct, vol. 8, pp. 813–838, 1999, Accessed: Feb. 01, 2023. [Online]. Available: www.iop.org
[10] M. Pakmehr and A. Behbahani, “Optical Exhaust Gas Temperature (EGT) Sensor and Instrumentation for Gas Turbine Engines Advanced Pressure Sensing for Gas Turbine Engines View project Intelligent systems View project”. https://doi.org/10.14339/STO-MP-AVT-306-18-PDF
[11] A. C. Marceddu et al., “Air-To-Ground Transmission and Near Real-Time Visualization of FBG Sensor Data Via Cloud Database,” IEEE Sens J, 2022. https://doi.org/10.1109/JSEN.2022.3227463