Comparison of cellulose properties from different agriculture biomass

Comparison of cellulose properties from different agriculture biomass


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Abstract. Cellulose is one of the most abundant molecules on the planet that presence in all plant cell walls on Napier grass and bamboo. Cellulose has been extensively used in industries like textile, food, composites, and pharmaceuticals, due to its outstanding properties. This research project aims to obtain a yield of cellulose from Napier grass, bamboo and Kenaf fiber by manipulating the operating condition of alkaline treatment. The extracted cellulose fiber was then being characterized to identify its yield, chemical composition, and crystallinity of the fiber by applying moisture content, chemical analysis, FTIR and X-ray Diffraction. As the temperature of the alkali reaction increases, the cellulose yield decreases due to the formation of purified cellulose after chemical process. Cellulose content increased after the fibers were water retted. The results were then validated by using FTIR analysis, which the amount of hemicellulose and lignin content decreased as the concentration, temperature, and time increases after treatment and the peak intensity band for lignin and hemicellulose reduces which indicate the removal of these two components. XRD analysis showed a declining trend for its crystallinity index as the temperature elevates. The crystallinity of the treated fibers did not affect the crystalline structure of the cellulose and that water retted fibers have higher crystallinity index.

Cellulose, Bamboo, Kenaf, Alkaline Extraction, Napier Grass

Published online 5/20/2023, 17 pages
Copyright © 2023 by the author(s)
Published under license by Materials Research Forum LLC., Millersville PA, USA

Citation: SYAZMI ZUL Arif Hakimi Saadon, NORIDAH B. Osman, NURALIFAH ILYANA Hamzah, SURRYA SHOVANESH Ganesh, MUHAMMAD FAIZ FAIZUL Zainif, NOR ADILLA Rashidi, MYLENE Uy, Comparison of cellulose properties from different agriculture biomass, Materials Research Proceedings, Vol. 29, pp 255-271, 2023


The article was published as article 29 of the book Sustainable Processes and Clean Energy Transition

Content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 license. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI.

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