A study on economic tooling concepts for dry deep-drawing using environmentally benign volatile lubricants

A study on economic tooling concepts for dry deep-drawing using environmentally benign volatile lubricants

Gerd Reichardt, Mathias Liewald, Kim Riedmüller

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Abstract. Dry processes represent promising approaches in forming technology to improve environmental aspects and human health by avoiding harmful substances and additives of conventional lubricants. Among many different approaches for dry forming investigated within the priority program SPP 1676, this paper addresses the use of volatile media as lubricants such as CO2 or N2. These volatile media are introduced directly into the interstice between sheet metal and tool surface via microinjectors. Indeed, this does not contradict the principle dry forming approach, as dry forming is defined as a process in which no residues are left on the surfaces [1]. This is ensured by the complete evaporation of the volatile media. The general feasibility of this novel tribological system has already been demonstrated in previous research work. However, despite good tribological results, the manufacturing costs of the required tool inserts and the media consumption per component are not yet economically competitive with conventional tribological systems. Therefore, this paper focuses on new designs of dry deep-drawing tools utilising volatile lubricants, considering the economics of different manufacturing processes.

Deep Drawing, Tribology, Economic Efficiency

Published online 3/17/2023, 8 pages
Copyright © 2023 by the author(s)
Published under license by Materials Research Forum LLC., Millersville PA, USA

Citation: Gerd Reichardt, Mathias Liewald, Kim Riedmüller, A study on economic tooling concepts for dry deep-drawing using environmentally benign volatile lubricants, Materials Research Proceedings, Vol. 25, pp 405-412, 2023

DOI: https://doi.org/10.21741/9781644902417-50

The article was published as article 50 of the book Sheet Metal 2023

Content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 licence. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI.

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