Influences of Welding Parameters on Friction Stir Welding of Aluminum and Magnesium: A Review

Influences of Welding Parameters on Friction Stir Welding of Aluminum and Magnesium: A Review

Boopathi Sampath, V. Haribalaji

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Abstract. Friction stir welding (FSW) is an important joining process wherein two dissimilar metals and alloys are welded together using frictional heat produced in a revolving tool and workpiece. FSW is playing an important role in dissimilar material joining of Magnesium (Mg) and Aluminum (Al) materials due to the increasing demand for their industrial applications. In this review article, the research background of FSW processes, and influences of joining factors on tensile strength, micro-hardness, and microstructures of FSW of Al-Mg alloy materials have been studied. The effects of joining factors for example axial force, tool revolving speed, tool incline, speed, and offset on welding characterizes have been enlightened to make defect-free FSW of aluminum and magnesium alloys. The microstructural behaviors of intermetallic formation and material drift in FSW zones of Al-Mg were also studied to find the scope to improve the welding quality.

Aluminum, Magnesium, Friction Stir Welding, Joining Factor, Welding Quality, Defect-Free

Published online 8/15/2021, 9 pages
Copyright © 2021 by the author(s)
Published under license by Materials Research Forum LLC., Millersville PA, USA

Citation: Boopathi Sampath, V. Haribalaji, Influences of Welding Parameters on Friction Stir Welding of Aluminum and Magnesium: A Review, Materials Research Proceedings, Vol. 19, pp 222-230, 2021


The article was published as article 28 of the book Recent Advancements in Geotechnical Engineering

Content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 licence. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI.

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