Nature Inspired Materials for Energy Storage


Nature Inspired Materials for Energy Storage

Nelson Pynadathu Rumjit , Paul Thomas, Shivani Garg, Chin Wei Lai, Mohd Rafie Bin Johan

In our present society, energy depository devices are of great demand. Prevailing energy storing systems are facing challenges in achieving a long-life cycle, higher energy density, biocompatibility and eco-friendliness. Nowadays, nature-derived carbon materials are gaining much research interest in energy repository applications due to their fabrication suitability, economic feasibility and sustainability of many carbons produced from natural precursors which include fruits, plants, microbes and animals. In comparison to human-made carbon nanostructured materials such as carbon nanotubes, graphene and fullerene, nature-derived carbons showed higher capacitance, performance rate and steadiness in supercapacitor applications due to their highly ordered structures and intrinsic nature of nanoporous materials. However, some obstacles persist in the preparation methods to obtain nature-derived carbons with greater carbon yield capacity, energy density and controlled graphite microframeworks. This book chapter is aimed to summarise elemental, chemical compositions and structural-inter relationship charateristics of various nature inspiring materials towards supercapacitor applications. The process for chemical initiation in the enhancement of highly nanostructured nature-derived carbons have been discussed. Additionally, this book chapter discusses future insights for the betterment of nature inspiring carbons for supercapacitor applications.

Nature Procured Carbons, Natural Precursors, Consituents, Initiation Methods, Structural-Characteristics Interrelationship, Supercapacitor

Published online 6/20/2020, 29 pages

Citation: Nelson Pynadathu Rumjit , Paul Thomas, Shivani Garg, Chin Wei Lai, Mohd Rafie Bin Johan, Nature Inspired Materials for Energy Storage, Materials Research Foundations, Vol. 78, pp 21-49, 2020


Part of the book on Biomass Based Energy Storage Materials

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