Organic Pollutants in Wastewater I


Wastewater represents an alternative to freshwater if it can be treated successfully for re-use applications. Promising techniques involve photocatalysis, adsorption, nanocomposites, and membranes. The book focuses on several topics related to the removal of organic pollutants from wastewater.


Organic Pollutants in Wastewater I
Methods of Analysis, Removal and Treatment
Eds. Inamuddin, Abdullah M. Asiri, Ali Mohammad
Materials Research Foundations Volume 29
Publication Date 2018, 362 Pages
Print ISBN 978-1-945291-62-3 (release date April 1st, 2018)
ePDF ISBN 978-1-945291-63-0
DOI: 10.21741/9781945291630

Wastewater represents an alternative to freshwater if it can be treated successfully for re-use applications. Promising techniques involve photocatalysis, adsorption, nanocomposites, and membranes. The book focusses on the following topics:
Effluent detoxification and degradation kinetics of organic dyes using Fenton and photo-Fenton processes. Degradation of methylene blue using nanocomposites as a potential photocatalyst. Agricultural and agro-industries based wastes as low-cost biosorbents. Use of carbon quantum dots (CQDs) for photocatalytic degradation of organic pollutants. Detection, determination and removal of phenolic compounds from wastewater. Decomposition of organic dyes via photocatalysis. Oxide-semiconductor nanomaterials for photocatalytic wastewater purification. Photocatalytic efficiency of various ZnO composites for degradation of organic pollutants. TiO2 based nanocomposites. Membrane filtration processes for the removal of organics from industrial wastewater.

Wastewater Treatment, Organic Pollutants, Organic Dyes, Photocatalysis, Nanocomposite Photocatalysts, Photocatalytic Degradation, Adsorption, Membrane Filtration, Fenton Processes, Biosorbents, Phenolic Compounds, Carbon Quantum Dots, Methylene Blue Degradation, ZnO Composites, TiO2 Based Nanocomposites

Table of Contents

Green Applications of Magnetic Sorbents for Environmental Remediation
Tiyasha Kanjilal, Chiranjib Bhattacharjee

Photocatalytic Decomposition of Organic Dyes
Zubera Naseem, Haq Nawaz Bhatti, Munawar Iqbal

Effective Degradation of Methylene Blue using ZnO:Fe:Ni Nanocomposites
P. Dhiman, G. Kumar, K.M. Batoo, A. Kumar, G. Sharma, M. Singh

Use of Agricultural Solid Wastes as Adsorbents
S. Naga, A. Bhardwaja, P. Pandeya, M. Arorab, J.N. Babu

Carbon Quantum Dot Composites for Photocatalytic Degradation of Organic Pollutants
G. Sharma, S. Sharma, A. Kumar, P. Dhiman, D. Jamwal, D. Rana, R.P. Dwivedi, G.T. Mola

Methods for the Detection, Determination and Removal of Phenolic Compounds from Wastewater
Q. Kanwal, D.N. Iqbal, M. Iqbal

Photocatalysis: Present, past and future
A. Manikandan, E. Manikandan, S.Vadivel, M.Kumaravel, D. Maruthamani,
S. Hariganesh

Photocatalytic Decomposition of Organic Dyes
D. Rana, A. Soni, G. Sharma, A. Kumar, D. Jamwal, A. Katoch

Photocatalytic Degradation of Organic Pollutants by Zinc Oxide Composite
D. Jamwal, J.Y. Park, A. Kumar, G. Sharma, D. Rana, A. Katoch

TiO2 Based Nanocomposite for Photocatalytic Degradation of Organic Pollutants
D. Sud, N. Sharotri

Industrial Water Pollution and Treatment – Can Membranes be a Solution?
C.G. Lopresto, D. Mukherjee, K.A.B. Zabala, V. Calabro, S. Curcio, S. Chakraborty

Keywords 352
About the editors 353

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ProtoView by Ringgold Clean Data
Chemists from Asia and Africa explore organic pollutants in wastewater, how to detect and measure them, and how to remove and treat them. Among their topics are green applications of magnetic sorbents for environmental remediation, the effective degradation of methylene blue using zinc oxide:iron:nickel nanocomposites, carbon quantum dot composites for the photocatalytic degradation of organic pollutants, the photocatalytic decomposition of organic dyes, titania-based nanocomposites for the photocatalytic degradation of organic pollutants, and whether membranes can be a solution to industrial water pollution and its treatment. This is the first of two volumes. Annotation ©2018 Ringgold Inc. Portland, OR (

Ringgold Keywords
Organic pollutants, Wastewater pollution, Environmental remediation, Nanocomposites, Photocatalytic degradation of pollutants, Chemistry

About the Editors

Dr. Inamuddin is currently working as Assistant Professor in the Chemistry Department, Faculty of Science, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. He is a permanent faculty member (Assistant Professor) at the Department of Applied Chemistry, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, India. He obtained Master of Science degree in Organic Chemistry from Chaudhary Charan Singh (CCS) University, Meerut, India, in 2002. He received his Master of Philosophy and Doctor of Philosophy degrees in Applied Chemistry from Aligarh Muslim University (AMU) in 2004 and 2007, respectively. He has extensive research experience in multidisciplinary fields of Analytical Chemistry, Materials Chemistry, and Electrochemistry and, more specifically, Renewable Energy and Environment. He has worked on different research projects as project fellow and senior research fellow funded by University Grants Commission (UGC), Government of India, and Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR), Government of India. He has received Fast Track Young Scientist Award from the Department of Science and Technology, India, to work in the area of bending actuators and artificial muscles. He has completed four major research projects sanctioned by University Grant Commission, Department of Science and Technology, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, and Council of Science and Technology, India. He has published 85 research articles in international journals of repute and seventeen book chapters in knowledge-based book editions published by renowned international publishers. He has published nineteen edited books with Springer, United Kingdom, Nova Science Publishers, Inc. U.S.A., CRC Press Taylor & Francis Asia Pacific, Trans Tech Publications Ltd., Switzerland and Materials Science Forum, U.S.A. He is the member of various editorial boards of the journals and also serving as associate editor for a journal Environmental Chemistry Letter, Springer Nature. He has attended as well as chaired sessions in various international and national conferences. He has worked as a Postdoctoral Fellow, leading a research team at the Creative Research Initiative Center for Bio-Artificial Muscle, Hanyang University, South Korea, in the field of renewable energy, especially biofuel cells. He has also worked as a Postdoctoral Fellow at the Center of Research Excellence in Renewable Energy, King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Saudi Arabia, in the field of polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells and computational fluid dynamics of polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cells. He is a life member of the Journal of the Indian Chemical Society. His research interest includes ion exchange materials, a sensor for heavy metal ions, biofuel cells, supercapacitors and bending actuators.



Prof. Abdullah M. Asiri is the Head of the Chemistry Department at King Abdulaziz University since October 2009 and he is the founder and the Director of the Center of Excellence for Advanced Materials Research (CEAMR) since 2010 till date. He is the Professor of Organic Photochemistry. He graduated from King Abdulaziz University (KAU) with B.Sc. in Chemistry in 1990 and a Ph.D. from University of Wales, College of Cardiff, U.K. in 1995. His research interest covers color chemistry, synthesis of novel photochromic and thermochromic systems, synthesis of novel coloring matters and dyeing of textiles, materials chemistry, nanochemistry and nanotechnology, polymers and plastics. Prof. Asiri is the principal supervisors of more than 20 M.Sc. and six Ph.D. theses. He is the main author of ten books of different chemistry disciplines. Prof. Asiri is the Editor-in-Chief of King Abdulaziz University Journal of Science. A major achievement of Prof. Asiri is the discovery of tribochromic compounds, a new class of compounds which change from slightly or colorless to deep colored when subjected to small pressure or when grind. This discovery was introduced to the scientific community as a new terminology published by IUPAC in 2000. This discovery was awarded a patent from European Patent office and from UK patent. Prof. Asiri involved in many committees at the KAU level and on the national level. He took a major role in the advanced materials committee working for KACST to identify the national plan for science and technology in 2007. Prof. Asiri played a major role in advancing the chemistry education and research in KAU. He has been awarded the best researchers from KAU for the past five years. He also awarded the Young Scientist Award from the Saudi Chemical Society in 2009 and also the first prize for the distinction in science from the Saudi Chemical Society in 2012. He also received a recognition certificate from the American Chemical Society (Gulf region Chapter) for the advancement of chemical science in the Kingdome. He received a Scopus certificate for the most publishing scientist in Saudi Arabia in chemistry in 2008. He is also a member of the editorial board of various journals of international repute. He is the Vice- President of Saudi Chemical Society (Western Province Branch). He holds four USA patents, more than one thousand publications in international journals, several book chapters and edited books.


Prof. Ali Mohammad is retired as the professor of Applied Chemistry from the Department of Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Engineering and Technology, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, India. He served the department for about 30 years. He also served the department as the chair person for 6 years. He also worked as UGC-Emeritus Fellow after his retirement at the same department for two years. His scientific interests include physico-analytical aspects of solid-state reactions, micellar thin layer chromatography, surfactants analysis, and green chromatography. He is the author or coauthor of 250 scientific publications including research articles, reviews, and book chapters. He has supervised 53 students for Ph.D./M.Phil. and M.Tech. degrees. He has also served as Editor of the Scientific Journal, “Chemical and Environmental Research” published in India since 1992 to 2012 and as the Associate Editor for Analytical Chemistry section of the Journal of Indian Chemical Society. He has published four edited books with Springer, the United Kingdom and three by Materials Research Forum LLC, U.S.A. He has been the member of the editorial boards of Acta Chromatographica, Acta Universitatis Cibiniensis Seria F. Chemia, Air Pollution, and Annals of Agrarian Science. He has attended as well as chaired sessions in various international and national conferences. He is the life member of several Indian Scientific and Chemical Societies. He has also served as Visiting Professor at King Saudi University, Riyadh, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Dr. Mohammad obtained his M.Sc. (1972), M.Phil. (1975), Ph.D. (1978), and D.Sc. (1996) degrees from Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh, India.