Analysis of plasma jet depositions on a C45 steel used in crankshaft manufacturing

Analysis of plasma jet depositions on a C45 steel used in crankshaft manufacturing


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Abstract. Thermal Spray coatings are used in the automotive industry, with multiple applications, offering effective protection solutions in the suspension system, transmission and engine components. Plasma jet deposition may be a solution to classical methods of enhancing wear resistance by chemical or thermochemical treatments in main and crankpin journals. Through this study the deposition of layers on the surface of a C45 steel was analyzed, using the following powders: Cr3C2- (Ni20Cr), Al2O3-13TiO2, Cr2O3-SiO2-TiO2. Powders were deposited with the 9MCE Spraywizard at atmospheric pressure. Microstructural and morphological analyzes were performed by means of optical, electronic and X-ray diffraction microscopy. Microstretch and indentation tests were performed to determine the adhesion of the deposited layer to the base material. As a result of the tests, the layer deposited using the Al2O3 13TiO2 powder has higher hardness characteristics than the layers of Cr3C2- (Ni20Cr) and Cr2O3-SiO2-TiO2 powders and that of the base material. This study confirms that plasma jet deposition is an effective solution to classic methods used to increase crankshaft wear resistance, at least in limited production series.

C45 steel, Plasma coatings, Crankshaft, SEM, XRD, Mechanical properties

Published online 11/5/2018, 9 pages
Copyright © 2018 by the author(s)
Published under license by Materials Research Forum LLC., Millersville PA, USA

Citation: G MAHU, C MUNTEANU, B ISTRATE, M BENCHEA, ‘Analysis of plasma jet depositions on a C45 steel used in crankshaft manufacturing’, Materials Research Proceedings, Vol. 8, pp 61-69, 2018


The article was published as article 7 of the book Powder Metallurgy and Advanced Materials

Content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 licence. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI.

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