Analysis of the Mechanical Properties of Composite Boards with Natural Resin and Guadua Unidirectional Fibers


Analysis of the Mechanical Properties of Composite Boards with Natural Resin and Guadua Unidirectional Fibers

J.P. Patiño, M.L. Sánchez, W.A. Patiño

Abstract. During the last years the study of vegetal fibers for its use as reinforcement of composites of polymeric matrix has gained importance, mainly in the area of civil engineering. The high mechanical strength, together with its biodegradability, makes this type of fibers a competitive option, compared with the synthetic fibers usually used in the design of polymeric composites. In this work the mechanical behavior of composite boards, made with natural materials, is analyzed. For the preparation of the composite there were used fibers that were 30 cm long, unidirectional, extracted from the top of bamboo culms of the species Guadua Angustifolia Kunth, aged between 4 and 6 years. The culms used to obtain the fibers were immunized with a boric acid solution. As the matrix of the composite, was used a vegetal polyurethane. The experimental characterization was based on the performance of static bending, tensile and compression tests according to the specifications of ASTM D1037-12 “Standard Test Methods for Evaluating Properties of Wood-Base Fiber and Particle Panel Materials”. The results obtained were compared with results reported in the literature for composites made from vegetable fibers.

Bamboo, Vegetal Fibers, Mechanical Properties, Static Bending, Tensile, Compression

Published online , 10 pages
Copyright © 2018 by the author(s)
Published under license by Materials Research Forum LLC., Millersville PA, USA

Citation: J.P. Patiño, M.L. Sánchez, W.A. Patiño, ‘Analysis of the Mechanical Properties of Composite Boards with Natural Resin and Guadua Unidirectional Fibers’, Materials Research Proceedings, Vol. 7, pp 85-94, 2018


The article was published as article 9 of the book Non-Conventional Materials and Technologies

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