Structural Behavior of an Innovative Bamboo Arch Structure


Structural Behavior of an Innovative Bamboo Arch Structure

A.S. Mosallam, K. Ghavami, R. Shrivastava, M.A. Salama

Abstract. Bamboo has a very long history with human kind; it is one of the oldest building material used for construction. Over 1,200 bamboo species have been identified worldwide and it has been used widely for household products and extended to industrial applications by advancement in technology and increased market demand. In this study, a structural evaluation of a full-scale bamboo truss arch structure was performed and its performance was verified by developing a finite element analysis (FEA) using ANSYS® FEA code. The simulated numerical results were compared with experimental results. The time increasing force was applied on the numerical model to simulate deflection and rotations at the joints. Results of this study indicated that one of the major components that controls the arch structure stiffness is the joint elements that need further studies in order to improve upon the current design. Furthermore, results of the study showed that the proposed design can be used as a cost-effective and eco-friendly building system that can be utilized for rapid construction of emergency shelter and other housing applications.

Bamboo, Arches, Sustainability, Large-Scale Tests, Numerical Analysis, Green Construction

Published online , 14 pages
Copyright © 2018 by the author(s)
Published under license by Materials Research Forum LLC., Millersville PA, USA

Citation: A.S. Mosallam, K. Ghavami, R. Shrivastava, M.A. Salama, ‘Structural Behavior of an Innovative Bamboo Arch Structure’, Materials Research Proceedings, Vol. 7, pp 491-504, 2018


The article was published as article 47 of the book Non-Conventional Materials and Technologies

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