Residual Stresses Determination with Plasticity Effects by Electron Speckle-Interferometry Hole-Drilling Method

Residual Stresses Determination with Plasticity Effects by Electron Speckle-Interferometry Hole-Drilling Method


download PDF

Abstract. The electron speckle-interferometry hole-drilling (ESPI-HD) method for determination of residual stresses (RS) is based on drilling of a blind hole with a diameter of 0.5-1.0 mm and calculating stresses using displacements data measured by a speckle-interferometer. According to the standard procedure, calculations are made under the assumption of linear elastic behavior of the material. However, if the RS level is high, then plastic deformations caused by the stress concentration induced by the hole could lead to a stress calculation error. Unlike strain-gage hole-drilling (SG-HD) method which records strains only by three (six) strain gauges and elaborates in order to find the RS, the ESPI-HD method allows taking into account the displacements data at all points of the surface around the hole. Analysis of the displacements’ variation across the circumference around the hole reveals local features related with plastic deformations. In this paper, a new approach for determination of RS by the hole drilling method that considers the plastic deformations has been proposed. This approach assumes determination of the plasticity effect by calculating stresses using displacements data at various sectors relative to the hole. Analysis of stresses variations calculated using values of displacements at different sectors allows retrieving the real stress state.

Residual Stresses, Speckle-Interferometry, Hole Drilling, ESPI-HD Method, Plasticity Effect

Published online 12/22/2016, 6 pages
Copyright © 2016 by the author(s)
Published under license by Materials Research Forum LLC., Millersville PA, USA

Citation: L. LOBANOV, V. SAVITSKY, ‘Residual Stresses Determination with Plasticity Effects by Electron Speckle-Interferometry Hole-Drilling Method’, Materials Research Proceedings, Vol. 2, pp 389-394, 2017


The article was published as article 66 of the book Residual Stresses 2016

Content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 licence. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI.

[1] ASTM E837-13a, “Standard test method for determining residual stresses by the hole-drilling strain-gage method,” in Annual Book of ASTM Standards, Am. Soc. Test. Mat. (2013).
[2] Lin YC, Chou CP. Error induced by local yielding around hole in hole drilling method for measuring residual stress of materials. Journal of Materials Science and Technology 1995;11:600–4.
[3] D. Vangi and S. Tellini Hole-Drilling Strain-Gauge Method: Residual Stress Measurement With Plasticity Effects J. Eng. Mater. Technol 132(1), 2009.
[4] L.M. Lobanov, V.A. Pivtorak, V.V. Savitsky, G.I. Tkachuk Procedure for determination of residual stresses in welded joints and structural elements using electron speckle-interferometry/ The Paton Welding Journal. 1/2006, pp. 24-29.
[5] M. R. Viotti, W. Kapp and A. Albertazzi Jr., “Achromatic digital speckle pattern interferometer with constant radial in-plane sensitivity by using a diffractive optical element,” App. Opt. 48(12), 2275-2281 (2009).
[6] L. Lobanov, V. Pivtorak, V. Savitsky, G. Tkachuk Technology and Equipment for Determination of Residual Stresses in Welded Structures Based on the Application of Electron Speckle-Interferometry. Materials Science Forum, -2014, Vol. 768, pp. 166-173.