Effect of Plasticity on Residual Stresses Obtained by the Incremental Hole-drilling Method with 3D FEM Modelling

Effect of Plasticity on Residual Stresses Obtained by the Incremental Hole-drilling Method with 3D FEM Modelling

E. Van Puymbroeck, W. Nagy, H. De Backer

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Abstract. The incremental hole-drilling method is used to determine high residual welding stresses in an orthotropic bridge deck. When comparing the measurement results with a theoretical residual stress distribution of an orthotropic steel deck, a large difference in sign and magnitude of the residual stress values is observed. These measurement results are presented in another paper [1]. The test method, specified in ASTM E837-13a only applies when the material behavior is linear-elastic. Relaxed-plastic strain can be detected in the region of the bored hole for the evaluation of high residual welding stresses. This plastic behavior can result in a significant error of the residual stresses. In this paper, the hole-drilling procedure is simulated and the effect of plasticity on the determination of residual stresses is studied with three-dimensional finite element modelling. The calculation software Siemens NX 9.0 is used to simulate the hole-drilling procedure with both linear-elastic and elastic-plastic material behavior. First, a 3D model is set up for uniform in-depth residual stress fields with a linear-elastic material behavior to determine the calibration coefficients. The same model is used to determine similar calibration coefficients but this time with a simplistic model of material plasticity. The effect of plasticity on the uniform in-depth residual stresses is determined. The residual stresses obtained under the assumption that the material behavior is linear-elastic are an overestimation. In future research, residual strains for non-uniform in-depth residual stresses can also be studied with similar models. This will result in a more accurate determination of the residual weld stresses present in bridge constructions.

Residual Welding Stresses, Incremental Hole-drilling Method, FEM, Plasticity Effects

Published online 12/22/2016, 6 pages
Copyright © 2016 by the author(s)
Published under license by Materials Research Forum LLC., Millersville PA, USA

Citation: E. Van Puymbroeck, W. Nagy, H. De Backer, ‘Effect of Plasticity on Residual Stresses Obtained by the Incremental Hole-drilling Method with 3D FEM Modelling’, Materials Research Proceedings, Vol. 2, pp 235-240, 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.21741/9781945291173-40

The article was published as article 40 of the book Residual Stresses 2016

Content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 licence. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI.

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