Residual Stress Measurement in a High Strength T Butt Weld Specimen by the Neutron Diffraction and Deep Hole Drilling Techniques
G.W. Sloan, V.M. Linton, O. Kirstein, X. Ficquet, E. Kingstondownload PDF
Abstract. While defect assessment standards such as BS 7910 “Guide to methods of assessing the acceptability of flaws in metallic structures”  present residual stress profiles for T butt welds in thick sections they inherently assume that the weld pass placement strategy is such that the last weld pass is always on the base plate. There is limited information on what the residual stress profiles are if alternative pass placement strategies are used in high strength weldments and structures. Similarly there is limited information on what are the residual stress profiles under the body of the weld and the superimposition on the balancing residual stresses in the base plate away from the weld on pre-existing residual stresses. This paper presents neutron strain scanning work on a high strength, curved base plate, double sided T Butt weld undertaken such that the pass placement in each layer progressed away from the base plate towards the abutting member to determine the potential of reduction in residual stresses at the base plate weld toes. Key results were validated by the Deep Hole Drilling Technique. The results obtained show that a major reduction in the magnitude of the residual stresses occurred at the weld toes of the base plate with a corresponding increase in the center of the weld. Weld toe through thickness profiles were reduced from those of BS 7910. Balancing residual stresses in the base plate were minimal. Discussion includes comparison to results obtained in similar test plates welded with a different pass placement strategy.
Residual Stress, High Strength Steel, Quenched and Tempered, Neutron Diffraction, Deep Hole Drilling, T Butt Welds
Published online 12/22/2016, 6 pages
Copyright © 2016 by the author(s)
Published under license by Materials Research Forum LLC., Millersville PA, USA
Citation: G.W. Sloan, V.M. Linton, O. Kirstein, X. Ficquet, E. Kingston, ‘Residual Stress Measurement in a High Strength T Butt Weld Specimen by the Neutron Diffraction and Deep Hole Drilling Techniques’, Materials Research Proceedings, Vol. 2, pp 145-150, 2017
The article was published as article 25 of the book Residual Stresses 2016
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 BS 7910 “Guidance on methods of assessing the acceptability of flaws in metallic structures”, 1999 with amendments 2000, 2009.
 S. Pearce “Breakdown of residual stresses in highly restrained thick section steel welds”, Doctoral thesis, University of Adelaide 2009
 G. Sloan “The influence of welding variables on the residual stress profiles around T butt and MMAW butt welds in thick section high strength steel”, Master’s thesis, University of Adelaide 2015
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