Crystallization studies of cerium containing iron borophosphate glasses/glass-ceramics
Fu Wang, Qilong Liao
The properties of cerium containing iron borophosphate glasses/glass-ceramics are well implications for the properties of iron borophosphate based waste forms. To achieve high waste volume reduction, the content of nuclides usually exceeds their solibility limit in base glasses, which results in a crystalline phase formed in the corresponding waste forms. It is well known that if crystallite appears in a glassy phase, the crystallite will induce nucleation or provides surface to nucleate, resulting in much easier crystallization of the glassy material. Once crystallization occurs, the properties of the glassy waste form will dramatically deteriorate. In this chapter, the recent studies on the crystallization behaviors and crystallization kinetics of the cerium containing iron borophosphate glasses/glass-ceramics were summarized.
Iron Borophosphate Glasses, Iron Borophosphate Based Glass-Ceramics, Cerium, Crystallization Behavior, Crystallization Kinetics
Published online 1/1/2017, 17 pages
 D.E. Day, Z. Wu, C.S. Ray. Chemically durable iron phosphate glass wasteforms. J. Non-Cryst. Solids 241 (1998) 1–12. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0022-3093(98)00759-5kl
 S. Schuller, O. Pinet, A. Grandjean, et al. Phase separation and crystallization of borosilicate glass enriched in MoO3, P2O5, ZrO2, CaO. J. Non-Cryst. Solids 354 (2008) 296–300. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2007.07.041
 R.K. Mishra, R. Mishra, C.P. Kaushik, et al. Effect of ThO2 on ionic transport behavior of barium borosilicate glasses. J. Nucl. Mater. 392 (2009) 1–5. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jnucmat.2009.03.001
 F. Wang, Q.L Liao, Y.Y Dai, H.Z Zhu. Properties and vibrational spectra of iron borophosphate glasses/glass-ceramics containing lanthanum, Mater. Chem. Phys. 166 (2015) 215-222. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.matchemphys.2015.10.005
 P. Sengupta. A review on immobilization of phosphate containing high level nuclear wastes within glass matrix–Present status and future challenges. J. Hazard. Mater. 235 (2012) 17–28. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jhazmat.2012.07.039
 P.A. Bingham, G. Yang, R.J. Hand, et al. Boron environments and irradiation stability of iron borophosphate glasses analysed by EELS. Solid State Sci. 10 (2008) 1194–1199. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.solidstatesciences.2007.11.024
 P.A. Bingham, R.J. Hand, S.D. Forder, et al. Structure and properties of iron borophosphate glasses. Phys. Chem. Glasses-B 47 (2006) 313–317.
 M. Karabulut, B. Yuce, O. Bozdogan, et al. Effect of boron addition on the structure and properties of iron phosphate glasses. J. Non-Cryst Solids 57 (2013) 1455–1462.
 Q.L. Liao, F. Wang, S.Q. Pan, et al. Structure and chemical durability of Ce-doped iron borophosphate glasses. J. Nucl. Radiochem. 32 (2010) 336–341.
 P. Li, X.G. Ding, H. Yang, et al. Effect of mass fraction of CeO2 on leaching behavior of aluminoborosilicate glass. Chinese J. Inorg. Chem. 29 (2013) 709–714.
 Q.L. Liao, K.R. Chen, F. Wang, et al. The structure and performances of iron borophosphate glass wasteforms with simulated high sodium high level radioactive waste. J. Chin. Cera. Soc. 42 (2014) 119–124.
 F. Wang, Q.L. Liao, K.R. Chen, et al. Glass formation and FTIR spectra of CeO2-doped 36Fe2O3-10B2O3-54P2O5 glasses. J. Non-Cryst. Solids 409 (2015) 76–82. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2014.11.020
 G.D. Marsily. High level nuclear waste isolation: borosilicate glass versus crystals. Nature 278 (1979) 210–212. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/278210a0
 F. Wang, Q.L. Liao, H.Z. Zhu, Y.Y. Dai, H. Wang. Crystallization of cerium containing iron borophosphate glasses/glass-ceramics and their spectral properties, Journal of Molecular Structure, 2016, 1109: 226-231. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.molstruc.2016.01.017
 F. Wang, Q.L. Liao, G.H. Xiang, S.Q. Pan, Thermal properties and FTIR spectra of K2O/Na2O iron borophosphate glasses. J. Mol. Struct. 1060 (2014) 176-181. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.molstruc.2013.12.049
 P.A. Bingham, R.J. Hand, S.D. Forder, Doping of iron phosphate glasses with Al2O3, SiO2 or B2O3 for improved thermal stability, Mater. Res. Bull. 41 (2006) 1622-1630. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.materresbull.2006.02.029
 A. Hrubý, Evaluation of glass-forming tendency by means of DTA, Czechoslovak Journal of Physics 22 (1972) 1187-1193. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF01690134
 F. Wang, Q.L. Liao, H.Z. Zhu, Y.Y. Dai, H. Wang, Crystallization kinetics and glass transition kinetics of iron borophosphate glass and CeO2-doped iron borophosphate compounds, J. Alloys Compd. (2016). http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2016.06.066
 F. Wang, Q.L. Liao, K.R. Chen, et al. The crystallization and FTIR spectra of ZrO2-doped 36Fe2O3-10B2O3-54P2O5 glasses and crystalline compounds. J. Alloys Compd. 611 (2014) 278–283. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2014.05.117
 N. Sdiri, H. Elhouichet, B. Azeza, et al. Studies of (90-x)P2O5-xB2O3-10Fe2O3 glasses by Mossbauer effect and impedance spectroscopy methods. J. Non-Cryst Solids 371 (2013) 22–27. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2013.04.002
 G.P. Singh, P. Kaur, S. Kaur, et al. Conversion of Ce3+ to Ce4+ ions after gamma ray irradiation on CeO2–PbO–B2O3 glasses. Physica B 408 (2013) 115–118. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.physb.2012.09.005
 C. Dayanand, G. Bhikshamaiah, V.J. Tyagaraju, et al. Structural investigations of phosphate glasses: a detailed infrared study of the x(PbO)−(1-x) P2O5 vitreous system. J. Mater. Sci. 31 (1996) 1945–1967. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/BF00356615
 B. Qian, S.Y. Yang, X.F. Liang, et al. Structural and thermal properties of La2O3-Fe2O3-P2O5 glasses. J. Mol. Struct. 1011 (2012) 153–157. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.molstruc.2011.12.014
 A.M. Abdelghany, M.A. Ouis, M.A. Azooz, et al. Defect formation of gamma irradiated MoO3-doped borophosphate glasses. Spectrochim. Acta A 114 (2013) 569–574. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.saa.2013.05.023
 F.H. Elbatal, S. Ibrahim, A.M. Abdelghany. Optical and FTIR spectra of NdF3-doped borophosphate glasses and effect of gamma irradiation. J. Mol. Struct. 1030 (2012) 107–112. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.molstruc.2012.02.049
 K. Srinivasulu, I. Omkaram, H. Obeid, et al. Structural and Magnetic properties of Gd3+ ions in Sodium-lead borophosphate glasses. J. Mol. Struct. 1036 (2013) 63–70. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.molstruc.2012.09.041
 D.A. Magdas, O. Cozar, V. Chis, et al. The structural dual role of Fe2O3 in some lead-phosphate glasses. Vib. Spectrosc. 48 (2008) 251–254. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.vibspec.2008.02.016