Electricity sector reforms in Saudi Arabia and their impact on demand growth and development of renewable energy

Electricity sector reforms in Saudi Arabia and their impact on demand growth and development of renewable energy

Samir El-NAKLA, Chedly Belhadj YAHYA, Jamal NAYFEH

download PDF

Abstract. The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) has experienced widespread development over the last four decades. This has resulted in tremendous increase in electricity demand. This paper reviews the status of the KSA’s electricity consumption and demand to date; discusses the current and future challenges facing the Saudi electricity sector; and the Saudi government’s initiatives taken to address these challenges. The study shows that KSA government started to apply the long term strategy, Vison 2030 to reduce energy consumption and high energy demand in the country. The paper evaluates the outcomes of applying the tariff reform programs that introduced in 2016 and 2018 respectively and its impact on different consuming sectors especially the residential and also the renewable energy program.

Electricity Reforms, Demand Growth, Renewable Energy, KSA

Published online 7/15/2024, 8 pages
Copyright © 2024 by the author(s)
Published under license by Materials Research Forum LLC., Millersville PA, USA

Citation: Samir El-NAKLA, Chedly Belhadj YAHYA, Jamal NAYFEH, Electricity sector reforms in Saudi Arabia and their impact on demand growth and development of renewable energy, Materials Research Proceedings, Vol. 43, pp 337-344, 2024

DOI: https://doi.org/10.21741/9781644903216-44

The article was published as article 44 of the book Renewable Energy: Generation and Application

Content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 license. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI.

[1] Saudi Geological Survey. Kingdom of Saudi Arabia Numbers and Facts. Saudi Geographical Survey. 1st ed. (2012), Riyadh. KSA.
[2] World Bank. Global Economic Prospects of the Middle East and North Africa. June 2015. https://www.worldbank.org/content/dam/Worldbank/GEP/GEP2015b/Global-Economic-Prospects-June-2015-Middle-East-and-North-Africa-analysis.pdf>
[3] World Bank. “A Water Sector Assessment Report on Countries of the Cooperation Council of the Arab State of the Gulf”. Report No. 32539-MNA, (2005).
[4] General Authority for Statistics, https://www.stats.gov.sa/en/13
[5] WERA. Water & Electricity Regulatory Authority, https://wera.gov.sa/en/DataAndStatistics/NRList/ElectricityGeneration/Pages/default.aspx
[6] Ouda, Omar, KACARE (2012) presentation, “Renewable Energy- Waste to Energy, A pillar of the sustainable energy kingdom”, First International Environment Conference, King Fahd Civic Centre, Yanbu Al Sinaiyah, KSA, 20-21 November, 2012.
[7] Royal Decree establishing King Abdullah City for Atomic and Renewable Energy (KACARE) No. A 35, 17 April 2010, https://www.energy.gov.sa/ar/Pages/default.aspx
[8] Al Harbi F.” Saudi Arabia’s Electricity: Energy Supply and Demand Future Challenges”,1st Global power, energy and communication conference ( IEEE GPECOM2019) , June 2019, Turkey, https://doi.org/10.1109/GPECOM.2019.8778554
[9] Energy Research: Saudi Energy price reform getting serious,” APICORP Group, Saudi Arabia, https://www.apicorp.org/
[10] Saudi Electricity Company, “ Consumption Tariffs”, https://www.se.com.sa/en/Ourservices/ColumnC/Bills-and-Consumption/ConsumptionTariffs
[11] National Renewable Energy Program (NREP). (https://powersaudiarabia.com.sa/web/index.html
[12] Saudi electricity company (SEC), Annual Reports. https://www.se.com.sa/en/Investors/Reports-and-Presentations/Annual-Reports
[13] KACST R&D and Centers of Excellence, https://kacst.gov.sa/
[14] ACWA Connects the Sakaka PV 300MW Project, https://www.acwapower.com/news/acwa-power-connects-the-first-renewable-energy-project-in-the-kingdom-sakaka-pv-ipp-to-the-national-electricity-grid-commencing-initial-production/,