Li-ion batteries life cycle from electric vehicles to energy storage

Li-ion batteries life cycle from electric vehicles to energy storage

Muhammad RASHID, Muhammad SHEIKH, Sheikh REHMAN

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Abstract. Vehicle electrification is an emerging solution to reduce fossil fuel dependence and the environmental pollution caused by automobile emissions. Electric vehicles (EVs) are powered by Li-ion batteries which degrade with use and time, and once their state of health (SOH, ratio of current capacity to the initial capacity) reaches 80% they retire from the EVs and need a replacement. In this study, battery degradation behaviour has been investigated and demonstrated under different electrical and thermal loading conditions. A different rate of cell degradation has been observed with different environmental and electrical loading conditions. The rate of degradation of the cells is higher at low temperatures and at high current charging conditions. Additionally, it has been demonstrated that the temperature of the cells within a battery module is different across the 6S2P battery module which would be significantly higher in the case of a bigger battery module. Hence for the potential second-life applications of the retired electric vehicle batteries, knowing the correct cell SOH is highly essential to grouping them which will lead to optimized use of this battery in 2nd life applications.

Li-ion Battery, State of Health (SOH), Retired Batteries, 2nd Life Application, Energy Storage Systems (ESS)

Published online 7/15/2024, 7 pages
Copyright © 2024 by the author(s)
Published under license by Materials Research Forum LLC., Millersville PA, USA

Citation: Muhammad RASHID, Muhammad SHEIKH, Sheikh REHMAN, Li-ion batteries life cycle from electric vehicles to energy storage, Materials Research Proceedings, Vol. 43, pp 223-229, 2024


The article was published as article 29 of the book Renewable Energy: Generation and Application

Content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 license. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI.

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