Potential use of reject brine waste as a sustainable construction material

Potential use of reject brine waste as a sustainable construction material


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Abstract. In countries near the ocean, the majority of the water used for household, agricultural, and industrial purposes is attained through seawater desalination. Desalination produces highly salty water, commonly known as reject brine, which can have many drastic, negative effects on the environment. The waste results in both an environmental challenge and an opportunity for sustainable resource utilization. This research work is a literature study to investigate the feasibility and potential benefits of utilizing reject brine waste as a sustainable construction material. The results revealed that reject brine has a prodigious possibility to be used as a binder, and in place of water in concrete. The use of reject brine in cementitious composites decreases CO2 emissions and makes them economical. Also, reject brine is fruitful in the stabilization of soil by increasing the mechanical properties and enhance the strength of soil. In essence, the use of reject brine from water desalination in construction is a sustainable and environment-friendly approach.

Reject Brine, Desalination, Sustainable Construction, Resource Utilization, Environmental Impact

Published online 7/15/2024, 7 pages
Copyright © 2024 by the author(s)
Published under license by Materials Research Forum LLC., Millersville PA, USA

Citation: Seemab TAYYAB, Essam ZANELDIN, Waleed AHMED, Ali AL MARZOUQI, Potential use of reject brine waste as a sustainable construction material, Materials Research Proceedings, Vol. 43, pp 172-178, 2024

DOI: https://doi.org/10.21741/9781644903216-23

The article was published as article 23 of the book Renewable Energy: Generation and Application

Content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 license. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI.

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