Microstructure refinement by a novel friction-based processing on Mg-Zn-Ca alloy

Microstructure refinement by a novel friction-based processing on Mg-Zn-Ca alloy

CHEN Ting, FU Banglong, SHEN Junjun, SUHUDDIN Uceu F.H.R., WIESE Björn, DOS SANTOS Jorge F., BERGMANN Jean Pierre, KLUSEMANN Benjamin

download PDF

Abstract. Insufficient mechanical properties and uncontrollable degradation rates limit the wide application of Mg alloys in bioimplant materials. Microstructure refinement is a common method to improve both the mechanical properties and the corrosion resistance of Mg alloys. In order to efficiently obtain Mg alloys with fine microstructures for potential applications in bioimplant materials, a novel constrained friction processing (CFP) was proposed. In this work, the resulting compression properties of ZX10 alloy obtained by CFP with optimized processing parameter are reported. Additionally, the microstructure evolution during CFP was studied. The results show that during CFP, materials are subjected to high shear strain at the transition zone between the stir zone and thermo-mechanical affected zone, leading to recrystallization with strong local basal fiber shear texture. As the shoulder plunges down, the fraction of recrystallized grain and grain size increase. ZX10 alloy obtained by CFP exhibited higher compressive yield strength by more than 300% and ultimate compressive strength improves by 60%, which indicates the bright prospect of CFP for Mg processing.

Constrained Friction Processing, Magnesium Alloys, Microstructure

Published online 4/24/2024, 10 pages
Copyright © 2024 by the author(s)
Published under license by Materials Research Forum LLC., Millersville PA, USA

Citation: CHEN Ting, FU Banglong, SHEN Junjun, SUHUDDIN Uceu F.H.R., WIESE Björn, DOS SANTOS Jorge F., BERGMANN Jean Pierre, KLUSEMANN Benjamin, Microstructure refinement by a novel friction-based processing on Mg-Zn-Ca alloy, Materials Research Proceedings, Vol. 41, pp 2031-2040, 2024

DOI: https://doi.org/10.21741/9781644903131-224

The article was published as article 224 of the book Material Forming

Content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 license. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI.

[1] A. Bahmani, M. Lotfpour, M. Taghizadeh, W.J. Kim, Corrosion behavior of severely plastically deformed Mg and Mg alloys, J. Magnes. Alloy 10(10) (2022) 2607-2648. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jma.2022.09.007
[2] Z. Savaedi, H. Mirzadeh, R.M. Aghdam, R. Mahmudi, Effect of grain size on the mechanical properties and bio-corrosion resistance of pure magnesium, J. Mater. Res. Technol. 19 (2022) 3100-3109. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmrt.2022.06.048
[3] F.Y. Cao, Z.M. Shi, G.L. Song, M. Liu, M.S. Dargusch, A. Atrens, Influence of hot rolling on the corrosion behavior of several Mg-X alloys, Corros. Sci. 90 (2015) 176-191. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.corsci.2014.10.012
[4] V. Bazhenov, A. Li, A. Komissarov, A. Koltygin, S. Tavolzhanskii, V. Bautin, O. Voropaeva, A. Mukhametshina, A. Tokar, Microstructure and mechanical and corrosion properties of hot-extruded Mg–Zn–Ca–(Mn) biodegradable alloys, J. Magnes. Alloy 9(4) (2021) 1428-1442. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jma.2020.11.008
[5] E. Mostaed, M. Vedani, M. Hashempour, M. Bestetti, Influence of ECAP process on mechanical and corrosion properties of pure Mg and ZK60 magnesium alloy for biodegradable stent applications, Biomatter 4(1) (2014) e28283. https://doi.org/10.4161/biom.28283
[6] C. Zhang, S. Zhu, L. Wang, R. Guo, G. Yue, S. Guan, Microstructures and degradation mechanism in simulated body fluid of biomedical Mg–Zn–Ca alloy processed by high pressure torsion, Mater. Des. 96 (2016) 54-62. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.matdes.2016.01.072
[7] M. Vaughan, A. Karayan, A. Srivastava, B. Mansoor, J. Seitz, R. Eifler, I. Karaman, H. Castaneda, H. Maier, The effects of severe plastic deformation on the mechanical and corrosion characteristics of a bioresorbable Mg-ZKQX6000 alloy, Mater. Sci. Eng. C 115 (2020) 111130. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.msec.2020.111130
[8] X. Zhang, Z. Wang, G. Yuan, Y. Xue, Improvement of mechanical properties and corrosion resistance of biodegradable Mg–Nd–Zn–Zr alloys by double extrusion, Mater. Sci. Eng. B 177(13) (2012) 1113-1119. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.mseb.2012.05.020
[9] Z.J. Yu, C. Xu, J. Meng, X.H. Zhang, S. Kamado, Effects of pre-annealing on microstructure and mechanical properties of as-extruded Mg-Gd-Y-Zn-Zr alloy, J. Alloys Compd. 729 (2017) 627-637. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2017.09.214
[10] S. Prithivirajan, S. Narendranath, V. Desai, Analysing the combined effect of crystallographic orientation and grain refinement on mechanical properties and corrosion behaviour of ECAPed ZE41 Mg alloy, J. Magnes. Alloy 8(4) (2020) 1128-1143. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jma.2020.08.015
[11] C. Wang, A. Ma, J. Sun, H. Liu, H. Huang, Z. Yang, J. Jiang, Effect of ECAP process on as-cast and as-homogenized Mg-Al-Ca-Mn alloys with different Mg2Ca morphologies, J. Alloys Compd. 793 (2019) 259-270. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2019.04.202
[12] C.C. de Castro, J. Shen, J.F. dos Santos, B. Klusemann, Microstructural development of as-cast AM50 during Constrained Friction Processing: Grain refinement and influence of process parameters, J. Mater. Process. Technol. 318 (2023) 118018. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jmatprotec.2023.118018
[13] T. Chen, B. Fu, U.F. Suhuddin, B. Wiese, Y. Huang, M. Wang, J.F. dos Santos, J.P. Bergmann, B. Klusemann. Application of novel constrained friction processing method to produce fine grained biomedical Mg-Zn-Ca alloy, J. Magnes. Alloy. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jma.2023.10.007
[14] M. Erinc, W. Sillekens, R. Mannens, R. Werkhoven, Applicability of existing magnesium alloys as biomedical implant materials, in: E.A. Nyberg, S.R. Agnew, N.R. Neelameggham, M.Q. Pekguleryuz (Eds.), Magnesium Technology. San Francisco, Minerals, Metals and Materials Society, Warrendale, PA, 2009, pp. 209-214.
[15] P. Prangnell, C. Heason, Grain structure formation during friction stir welding observed by the ‘stop action technique’, Acta Mater. 53(11) (2005) 3179-3192. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.actamat.2005.03.044
[16] S. Lu, D. Wu, R. Chen, The effect of twinning on dynamic recrystallization behavior of Mg-Gd-Y alloy during hot compression, J. Alloys Compd. 803 (2019) 277-290. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jallcom.2019.06.279
[17] S. Sandlöbes, M. Friák, J. Neugebauer, D. Raabe, Basal and non-basal dislocation slip in Mg–Y, Mater. Sci. Eng. A 576 (2013) 61-68. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.msea.2013.03.006