Stone dust as replacement for fine aggregate in cellular lightweight concrete (CLC): Volume weight and compressive strength
Parea R. Rangan1, M. Tumpu, Y. Sunarno, Mansyurdownload PDF
Abstract. A type of lightweight concrete called cellular lightweight concrete (CLC) has a lower volume weight than ordinary concrete and is made of cement, sand, water, and a foaming agent. In this investigation, CLC lightweight concrete was utilized as a lightweight brick. The purpose of this study was to ascertain how the compressive strength and volume weight of CLC lightweight bricks would change if stone dust were used in place of fine aggregate. Making lightweight bricks with stone dust substitutions of 0%, 50%, and 100% of the weight of the fine aggregate was the experimental process used in this study. The compressive strength and volume weight of the light-weight bricks that had been cured for 3, 7, 14, and 28 days were then measured. Because stone dust has a good binding capacity, the results showed that using it as a fine aggregate replacement in a mixture of lightweight bricks increased the compressive strength; the highest compressive strength value was obtained at a substitution of 100% stone dust at 28 days, which was 24.62 kg/cm2. The volume weight of a mixture of lightweight bricks increased by 0.66 gr/cm3 when stone dust was used in place of fine aggregate. In place of 50% stone dust, the volume weight value increased by 2% to 0.67 gr/cm3, and by 4% to 0.68 gr/cm3 for 100% stone dust. Due to its volume weight range of 0.6-1.8 gr/cm3, this lightweight brick can still be designated as lightweight concrete.
Stone Dust, Fine Aggregate, CLC, Volume Weight, Compressive Strength
Published online 8/10/2023, 7 pages
Copyright © 2023 by the author(s)
Published under license by Materials Research Forum LLC., Millersville PA, USA
Citation: Parea R. Rangan1, M. Tumpu, Y. Sunarno, Mansyur, Stone dust as replacement for fine aggregate in cellular lightweight concrete (CLC): Volume weight and compressive strength, Materials Research Proceedings, Vol. 31, pp 262-268, 2023
The article was published as article 27 of the book Advanced Topics in Mechanics of Materials, Structures and Construction
Content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 license. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI.
 Sunarno. Y, Tjaronge. MW. and Irmawaty. R., “Preliminary Study on Early Compressive Strength of Foam Concrete Using Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC) and Portland Composite Cement (PCC),” IOP Conf. Ser.: Earth Environ. Sci, vol. 419 (2020), 012033.https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/419/1/012033
 Tumpu. M, Parung. H, Tjaronge. MW, and Amiruddin. A, A., “Failure Pattern of Prefabricated Foam Concrete as Infill Wall Under In-Plane Lateral Loading,” Design Engineering, issue 7 (2021), 7168-7178. ISSN: 0011-9342.
 Amirudin A.A, Parung H., Tjaronge M.W., Mansyur M., Tumpu M. 2022. Influence of prefabricated foam concrete as infilled wall on the strength due to cyclic loading. International Journal of GEOMATE. 22, pp 114-121. https://doi.org/10.21660/2022.93.j2343
 Syahrul, Tjaronge. MW, Djamaluddin. R, and Amiruddin. AA., “Flexural Behavior of Normal and Lighweight Concrete Composite Beams,” Civil Engineering Journal. vol. 07:03 (2021), 549-559. https://doi.org/10.28991/cej-2021-03091673
 Rangan, PR., and Tumpu M., “Effect Calcium Hydroxide (Traditionally Called Slaked Lime) to Stabilization of Laterite Soil,” IOP Conf. Series: Materials Science and Engineering 1088 (2021). https://doi.org/10.1088/1757-899X/1088/1/012105
 Bindiganavile. V, and Hoseini. M, “Foamed Concrete,” Developments in the Formulation and Reinforcement of Concrete,” Woodhead Publishing Series in Civil and Structural Engineering, (2019), 365-390. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-08-102616-8.00016-2
 Narayanan. N, Ramamurthy. K, “Structure and Properties of Aerated Concrete: Review, “Cem. Concr. Compos, vol. 22:5 (2000), 321-329. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0958-9465(00)00016-0
 Rangan, PR., Tumpu M., Caroles L., and Mansyur, “Compressive Strength of High-Strength Concrete With Cornice Adhesive as a Partial Replacement for Cement,” IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science 871 (2021) 012006. https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/871/1/012006
 Hajimohammadi A, Ngo T, Mendis. P, “Enhancing the Strength of Pre-Made Foams for Foam Concrete Applications,” Cem. Concr. Compos, vol. 87 (2018), 164-171. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2017.12.014
 Lesovik. V, Voronov. V, Glagolev. E, Fediuk. R, Alaskhanov. A, Amran. YHM, Murali. G, and Baranov. A., “Improving the Behaviors of Foam Concrete Through The Use of Composite Binder,” Journal of Building Engineering, vol. 31 (2020), 101414. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jobe.2020.101414
 Amran. YHM, Farzadnia. N, Ali AA., “Properties and Applications of Foamed Concrete; A Review,” Constr. Build. Mater, vol. 101 (2015), 990-1005. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2015.10.112
 A. Haris HA. The Effect of Using Stone Ash on the Compressive Strength of K-350 Quality Concrete. Civil Engineering Study Program, Adhi Tama Institute of Technology Surabaya (in Indonesian).
 Standard National of Indonesia. Standard Test Spesification for Lightweight Aggregates for Structural Concrete. SNI 03-3449-2002.
 Valore RC. Cellular concrete part 2 physical properties. ACI J 1954; 50:817-36. https://doi.org/10.14359/11795
 Tumpu M. and Mabui D. S. 2022. Effect of Hydrated Lime (Ca(OH)2) to Compressive Strength of Geopolymer Concrete. AIP Conference Proceedings 2391, 070011 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0086702
 Mansyur and Tumpu M. 2022. Compressive Strength of Normal Concrete Using Local Fine Aggregate from Binang River in Bombana district, Indonesia. AIP Conference Proceedings 2391, 070010 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0072888
 Mansyur, Amiruddin A. A., Parung H., Tjaronge M. W. and Tumpu M. 2021. Utilization of Sea Water to Production of Concrete in Terms of Mechanical Behavior. IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science 921 (2021) 012068. https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/921/1/012068
 Tumpu, M., Parung H., Tjaronge, M. W., Amiruddin, A. A. 2021. Failure Pattern of Prefabricated Foam Concrete as Infill Wall Under In-Plane Lateral Loading. Design Engineering, Issue: 7, Pages: 7168-7178.
 Mansyur and Tumpu M. 2022. Compressive Strength of Non-Sand Concrete with Coarse Aggregate in Kolaka District as Yard Pavement. AIP Conference Proceedings 2391, 070022 (2022). https://doi.org/10.1063/5.0072889
 Rangan, Parea Rusan and Tumpu, M. 2022. The Potential Utilization of Candlenut Shell Waste as Coarse Aggregate Replacement in Concrete. Design Engineering, Issue: 1, Pages:458-463.
 Rangan, Parea Rusan, Tumpu, M., Caroles, L., Mansyur. Compressive strength of high-strength concrete with cornice adhesive as a partial replacement for cement. IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, https://iopscience.iop.org/issue/1755-1315/871/1. https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/871/1/012006