Canine hindlimb prosthetic research and its manufacturing with the help of additive technology

Canine hindlimb prosthetic research and its manufacturing with the help of additive technology

Michał Kowalik, Malwina Ewa Kołodziejczak, Michał Staniszewski, Mateusz Papis, Witold Rządkowski

download PDF

Abstract. The purpose of this article is to develop a model and study an English bulldog endoprosthesis made with the help of additive techniques. An analysis of the literature shows the lack of such studies, including both additive techniques and topological optimization of prostheses. Before starting the actual study, general objectives were developed, which took into account the following: prosthesis assembly, fabrication technologies, fabrication conditions, shape, and range of work of the prosthesis. The dimensions of the prosthesis were identified based on the characteristics of the breed – the English bulldog. In the next step, the technology and construction materials were selected. The modeling of the prosthesis was based on the parameterization of dimensions. The parameters were linked by a skeletal model. Also, the objectives necessary to determine the factor of safety were defined. Boundary conditions were determined for the purpose of numerical calculations. The results in the form of reduced stresses and displacement distributions were presented on the maps. In the next part, topological optimization was performed, assuming the high stiffness of the system. Reduced stress maps and displacement distributions were generated for these results with the help of the FEM method. Validation of numerical calculations with real ones was performed.

Endoprosthesis, FEM Analysis, 3D Printing, Safety

Published online , 9 pages
Copyright © 2023 by the author(s)
Published under license by Materials Research Forum LLC., Millersville PA, USA

Citation: Michał Kowalik, Malwina Ewa Kołodziejczak, Michał Staniszewski, Mateusz Papis, Witold Rządkowski, Canine hindlimb prosthetic research and its manufacturing with the help of additive technology, Materials Research Proceedings, Vol. 30, pp 91-99, 2023


The article was published as article 13 of the book Experimental Mechanics

Content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 license. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI.

[1] Act of 21 August 1997 on the Protection of Animals (Journal of Laws of 1997, No. 111, item 724). In Polish
[2] M. Takayama-Ito, et al., Reduction of animal suffering in rabies vaccine potency testing by introduction of humane endpoints, Biologicals 46, pp. 38-45, 2017.
[3] R. Bielawski, W. Rządkowski, M. P. Kowalik, M. Kłonica, Safety of aircraft structures in the context of composite element connection, Int. Rev. Aerosp. Eng. 13(5), pp. 159-164, 2020.
[4] R. Di Francia, V. Bizaoui, What if 3D Printing and Medicine had a dedicated Journal?, Ann. 3D Print. Med. 1, paper no 100007, 2021.
[5] J. M. Liptak, W. S. Dernell, N. Ehrhart, M. H. Lafferty, G. J. Monteith, S. J. Withrow, Cortical Allograft and Endoprosthesis for Limb-Sparing Surgery in Dogs with Distal Radial Osteosarcoma: A Prospective Clinical Comparison of Two Different Limb-Sparing Techniques, Vet. Surg., 35 (6), pp. 518-533, 2006.
[6] C. Sutton, et al., Titanium-nickel intravascular endoprosthesis: a 2-year study in dogs, Am. J. Roentgenol. 151 (3), pp. 597-601, 1988.
[7] K. E. Mitchell, Metal endoprostheses for limb salvage surgery in dogs with distal radial osteosarcoma: evaluation of first and second generation metal endoprostheses and investigation of a novel endoprosthesis. 2017
[8] A. Timercan, V. Brailovski, Y. Petit, B. Lussier, B. Séguin, Personalized 3D-printed endoprostheses for limb sparing in dogs: Modeling and in vitro testing, Med. Eng. Phys. 71, pp. 17-29, 2019.
[9] R. Mendaza-DeCal, S. Peso-Fernandez, J. Rodriguez-Quiros, Test of Designing and Manufacturing a Polyether Ether Ketone Endoprosthesis for Canine Extremities by 3D Printing, Front. Mech. Eng. 7, 2021.
[10] S.-Y. Park et al., Custom-made artificial eyes using 3D printing for dogs: A preliminary study, PLoS One 15(11), paper no e0242274, 2020.
[11] P. A. Manley, R. Vanderby, S. Kohles, M. D. Markel, J. P. Heiner, Alterations in femoral strain, micromotion, cortical geometry, cortical porosity, and bony ingrowth in uncemented collared and collarless prostheses in the dog, J. Arthroplasty, 10 (1), pp. 63-73, 1995.
[12] E. Chisci, P. Dalla Caneva, i S. Michelagnoli, The “Dog Bone” Technique to Occlude a Branch Intentionally, Eur. J. Vasc. Endovasc. Surg. 61 (6), paper no 1035, 2021.
[13] C. Ors, R. Caylak, E. Togrul, Total Hip Arthroplasty With the Wagner Cone Femoral Stem in Patients With Crowe IV Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip: A Retrospective Study, J. Arthroplasty 37 (1), pp. 103-109, 2022.
[14] A. Santana, S. Alves-Pimenta, J. Martins, B. Colaço, M. Ginja, Imaging diagnosis of canine hip dysplasia with and without human exposure to ionizing radiation, Vet. J. 276, paper no 105745, 2021.
[15] G. Zhang, et. al., Frozen slurry-based laminated object manufacturing to fabricate porous ceramic with oriented lamellar structure, J. Eur. Ceram. Soc. 38 (11), pp. 4014-4019, wrz. 2018.
[16] P. Różyło, H. Dębski, The Influence of Composite Lay-Up on the Stability of a Structure with Closed Section, Adv. Sci. Technol. Res. J. 16 (1), pp. 260-265, 2022.
[17] Z. Pater, P. Walczuk-Gągała, Conception of Hollow Axles Forming by Skew Rolling with Moving Mandrel, Adv. Sci. Technol. Res. J. 15(3), pp. 146-154, 2021.