Preliminary study of carbon dioxide (CO2) adsorption using chicken eggshell

Preliminary study of carbon dioxide (CO2) adsorption using chicken eggshell


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Abstract. Carbon dioxide (CO2) emission is a major concern nowadays due to its contribution to global warming scenarios. Therefore, valorization of inexpensive and green material to adsorb the CO2 prior to emission has been emphasized. In this research study, calcined chicken eggshell waste had been tested as a potential CO2 adsorbent. Specifically, calcined eggshell at 700°C, 800°C, and 900°C has been used in subsequent carbonation reaction at 650°C for 1 hr. The result shows that increasing the calcination temperature improves the eggshell decomposition (weight loss) and CO2 adsorption capacity (weight gain). Specifically, the weight gain by the calcined eggshell at 900°C is roughly 61 wt.%. Both pristine and calcined eggshells are characterized by the Fourier-Transform Infrared Spectroscopy (FTIR), thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), and N2 physisorption. Overall, utilization of the chicken eggshell waste is indeed promising as this can contribute to both environmental and economic advantages.

Bio-Calcium, Calcination, Carbonation, Carbon Dioxide, Chicken Eggshell

Published online 5/20/2023, 7 pages
Copyright © 2023 by the author(s)
Published under license by Materials Research Forum LLC., Millersville PA, USA

Citation: NOR ADILLA Rashidi, SHARINA NATASHA Sheikh Saghir, Preliminary study of carbon dioxide (CO2) adsorption using chicken eggshell, Materials Research Proceedings, Vol. 29, pp 248-254, 2023


The article was published as article 28 of the book Sustainable Processes and Clean Energy Transition

Content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 license. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI.

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