High Temperature Superconductors: Materials and Applications


High Temperature Superconductors: Materials and Applications

M.S. Hasan and S.S. Ali

A ceramic high temperature superconductor called cuprate was discovered in 1986 by Bednorz and Muller at 135 K critical temperature (Tc). Ladik and Bierman demonstrated the idea of high temperature superconductivity (HTSC) by essential excitation of electrons in one chain of double standard DNA. The cuprates are consisted of stiff, fragile, and hard properties which are considered as the negative impact of cuprates superconductors. With the passage of time such drawback were removed and the cuprate superconductors were made capable for various applications. The breakthrough came in the history of superconductors when the iron based HTSC were discovered in 2006. High temperature H2S superconductors are designed at high pressure and Tc greater than 200 K in 2015. From the time of discovery of HTSC, superconductivity is used in different types of fields such as medical, electrical, magnetic, optics, recording media, microwave and communication devices.

HTSC, Critical Temperature, Types of HTSC, Energy Storage System, Applications of HTSC

Published online 10/5/2022, 15 pages

Citation: M.S. Hasan and S.S. Ali, High Temperature Superconductors: Materials and Applications, Materials Research Foundations, Vol. 132, pp 179-193, 2022

DOI: https://doi.org/10.21741/9781644902110-10

Part of the book on Superconductors

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