Usage of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles in Medical Services: A Review

Usage of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles in Medical Services: A Review

KOZIOŁ Anna and SOBCZYK Andrzej

download PDF

Abstract: The usage of drone technology has increased in a vast range of disciplines, including medical services. Drones can aerially deliver medical supplies and laboratory test samples during health emergencies such as the COVID-19 pandemic. It can also be used as a delivery device for an automated external defibrillator which might significantly increase the survival chances of out-of-hospital cardiac arrest victims. Significant cost savings compared with ground transportation and speed of delivery will probably drive drone implementation in various areas in the next few years.

Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV), Drone, Medical Transport Delivery, Medical Emergencies

Published online 7/20/2022, 6 pages
Copyright © 2022 by the author(s)
Published under license by Materials Research Forum LLC., Millersville PA, USA

Citation: KOZIOŁ Anna and SOBCZYK Andrzej, Usage of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles in Medical Services: A Review, Materials Research Proceedings, Vol. 24, pp 288-293, 2022


The article was published as article 42 of the book Terotechnology XII

Content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 licence. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI.

[1] Unmanned Aircraft System (UAS): regulatory framework and challenges, NAM/CAR/SAM Civil – Military Cooperation Havana, Cuba, 13 – 17 April 2015
[2] J.F. Keane, S.S. Carr. A Brief History of Unmanned Aircraft. Johns Hopkins APL Tech Dig. 32 (2013) 558-571.
[3] S.G. Gupta, M.M. Ghonge, P.M. Jawandhiya. Review of Unmanned Aerial System (UAS). Int. J. Adv. Res. Comp. Eng. Technol. 2 (2013) 1646-1658.
[4] M. Balasingam. Drones in medicine—The rise of the machines. Int. J. Clin. Pract. 71 (20170 art. e12989.
[5] L. Ramadass, S. Arunachalam, Z. Sagayasree. Applying deep learning algorithm to maintain social distance in public place through drone technology. Int. J. Pervasive Comput. Commun. 16 (2020) 223-234.
[6] J.C. Rosser, V. Vignesh, B.A. Terwilliger, B.C. Parker. Surgical and medical applications of drones: A comprehensive review, Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons 22 (2018) art. e2018.00018.
[7] T.K. Amukele, L.J. Sokoll, D. Pepper, D.P. Howard, J. Street. Can unmanned aerial systems (Drones) be used for the routine transport of chemistry, hematology, and coagulation laboratory specimens? PLoS ONE 10 (2015) art. e0134020.
[8] T.K. Amukele, J. Street, K. Carroll, H. Miller, S.X. Zhang. Drone transport of microbes in blood and sputum laboratory specimens. J. Clin. Microbiol. 54 (2016) 2622-2625.
[9] T.K. Amukele, P.M. Ness, A.A.R. Tobian, J. Boyd, J. Street. Drone transportation of blood products. Transfusion 57 (2017) 582-588.
10. T.K. Amukele, J. Hernandez, C.L. Snozek, R.G. Wyatt, M. Douglas, R. Amini, J. Street. Drone Transport of Chemistry and Hematology Samples over Long Distances. Am. J. Clin. Pathol. 148 (2017) 427-435.
[11] M.A. Zailani, R.Z. Azma, I. Aniza, A.R. Rahana, M.S. Ismail, I.S. Shahnaz, K.S. Chan, M. Jamaludin, Z.A. Mahdy. Drone versus ambulance for blood products transportation: an economic evaluation study. BMC Health Serv. Res. 21 (2021) art. 1308.
[12] D. Freeman. A drone just flew a kidney to a transplant patient for the first time ever. It won’t be the last. MACH (2019). [viewed 10.03.2022]
[13] J.R. Scalea, S. Restaino, M. Scassero, S.T. Bartlett, N. Wereley. The final frontier Exploring organ transportation by drone. Am. J. Transplant. 19 (2019) 962-964.
[14] C. Van Tilburg, C.K. Grissom, K. Zafren, S. McIntosh, M.I. Radwin, P. Paal, P. Haegeli, W.W.R. Smith, A.R. Wheeler, D. Weber, B. Tremper, H. Brugger. Wilderness Medical Society Practice Guidelines for Prevention and Management of Avalanche and Nonavalanche Snow Burial Accidents. Wilderness Environ. Med. 28 (2017) 23–42.
[15] Y. Karaca, M. Cicek, O. Tatli, A. Sahin, S. Pasli, M.F. Beser, S. Turedi. The potential use of unmanned aircraft systems (drones) in mountain search and rescue operations. Am. J. Emerg. Med. 36 (2018) 583-588.
[16] Z.B. Htet. Disaster drones: great potential, few challenges? RSIS Commentary (2016) CO16253.
[17] A. Claesson, D. Fredman, L. Svensson, M. Ringh, J. Hollenberg, P. Nordberg, M. Rosenqvist, T. Djarv, S. Österberg, J. Lennartsson, Y. Ban. Unmanned aerial vehicles (drones) in out-of-hospital-cardiac-arrest. Scand. J. Trauma, Resusc. Emerg. Med. 24 (2016) art. 124.
[18] A. Pulver, R Wei, C. Mann. Locating AED Enabled Medical Drones to Enhance Cardiac Arrest Response Times, Prehospital Emergency Care 20 (2016) 378-389.
[19] N. Rees, J. Howitt, N. Breyley, P. Geoghegan, C. Powel. A simulation study of drone delivery of Automated External Defibrillator (AED) in out of Hospital Cardiac Arrest (OHCA) in the UK. PLoS ONE 16 (2021) art. E0259555.
[20] A. Claesson, L. Svensson, P. Nordberg, M. Ringh, M. Rosenqvist, T. Djarv, J. Samuelsson, O. Hernborg, P. Dahlbom, A. Jansson, J. Hollenberg. Drones may be used to save lives in out of hospital cardiac arrest due to drowning. Resuscitation 114 (2017) 152-156.
[21] J. Sanfridsson, J. Sparrevik, J. Hollenberg, P. Nordberg, T. Djärv, M. Ringh, L. Svensson, S. Forsberg, A. Nord, M. Andersson-Hagiwara, A. Claesson. Drone delivery of an automated external defibrillator – A mixed method simulation study of bystander experience. Scand. J. Trauma, Resusc. Emerg. Med. 27 (2019) art. 40.
[22] K. Sedig , M.B. Seaton , I.R. Drennan, S. Cheskes, K.N. Dainty. “Drones are a great idea! What is an AED?” novel insights from a qualitative study on public perception of using drones to deliver automatic external defibrillators, Resuscitation Plus 4 (2020) art. 100033.
[23] A.Kozioł. The concept of rescuing drone. B.Tech. thesis, Politechnika Krakowska, Kraków, 2020.
[24] M. Sharma. Drone Technology for Assisting COVID‑19 Victims in Remote Areas: Opportunity and Challenges, J. Med. Syst. 45 (2021) art. 85.
[25] D.S. Jat, C. Singh (eds.). Artificial Intelligence-Enabled Robotic Drones for COVID-19 Outbreak; Intelligent Systems and Methods to Combat Covid-19, Springer, 2020.
[26] J. Euchi. Do drones have a realistic place in a pandemic fight for delivering medical supplies in healthcare systems problems?, Chinese J. Aeronaut. 34 (2021) 281-190.
[27] M. Sharma, How drones are being used to combat COVID-19,’ Geospatial World, 2020. [viewed 10.03.2022]
[28] M. Kekez, L. Radziszewski, A. Sapietova. Fuel type recognition by classifiers developed with computational intelligence methods using combustion pressure data and the crankshaft angle at which heat release reaches its maximum, Procedia Engineering 136 (2016) 353-358.
[29] J. Pietraszek, A. Szczotok, N. Radek. The fixed-effects analysis of the relation between SDAS and carbides for the airfoil blade traces. Archives of Metallurgy and Materials 62 (2017) 235-239.
[30] J. Pietraszek, N. Radek, A.V. Goroshko. Challenges for the DOE methodology related to the introduction of Industry 4.0. Production Engineering Archives 26 (2020) 190-194.
[31] G. Filo, J. Fabiś-Domagała, M. Domagała, E. Lisowski, H. Momeni. The idea of fuzzy logic usage in a sheet-based FMEA analysis of mechanical systems, MATEC Web of Conf. 183 (2018) art.3009.