Structural Health Monitoring of Infrastructures Using Sensors as Smart Materials– Review and Perspective

Structural Health Monitoring of Infrastructures Using Sensors as Smart Materials– Review and Perspective

A. Dinesh, A. Karthick, S. Ramkumar

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Abstract. Smart materials with sensors can monitor the structure’s performance under external loading circumstances. They may also monitor internal deformations or damages caused by environmental factors such as temperature, humidity, etc. As a result, the sensors are linked to structural health monitoring to create automated systems for structural monitoring, inspection, and damage identification. The formulation of this review article was prompted by a growing interest in structural health monitoring and the need to ensure structure safety to detect problems early and avert collapse. The structure, measurement methods, and potential of sensors such as fiber optic, piezoelectric, corrosion, ceramic, and self-sensing cement composite utilized in the health monitoring of concrete structures are discussed in this review paper. This review also includes a brief and comparative analysis of various sensors, as well as the optimal number and location of sensors. The study exposed that choosing a suitable sensor is critical for accurate sensing and long-term structure monitoring. The sensor can detect physical (stress, strain) and chemical (corrosion) variables that affect the structure’s endurance. Despite significant advances in damage monitoring approaches utilizing sensors, the study suggests that efficient sensor deployment remains problematic. The review revealed that the type of parameter to be monitored (stress, strain, humidity, etc.) and the structural and climatic conditions in which the sensor will be used determine the sensor’s selection. As a result, a self-sensing cement composite based on carbon nanofiber (CNF) has been developed, which has good durability and compatibility with concrete structures. However, increasing the amount of CNF lowers the composite’s compressive and flexural strength due to particle agglomeration. As a result, the review covers several sensors used in structural health monitoring with their measurements, applications, benefits, and limitations.

Structural Health Monitoring, Sensors, Self-Sensing, Cement Composite, Strain, Corrosion

Published online , 14 pages
Copyright © 2022 by the author(s)
Published under license by Materials Research Forum LLC., Millersville PA, USA

Citation: A. Dinesh, A. Karthick, S. Ramkumar, Structural Health Monitoring of Infrastructures Using Sensors as Smart Materials– Review and Perspective, Materials Research Proceedings, Vol. 23, pp 255-268, 2022


The article was published as article 29 of the book Sustainable Materials and Smart Practices

Content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 licence. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI.

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