Halloysite-Starch based Nano-Composites and Applications
Farrukh Rafiq Ahmed, Muhammad Sikandar, Muhammad Harris Shoaib, Rabia Ismail Yousuf, Kamran Ahmed
Halloysite is a novel mineral belonging to the kaolinite family of clays. It consists of largely cylindrical particles in the size range of few hundred to few micrometers in length. The negatively charged Si-O-Si functional groups at the surface and positively charged Al2(OH)4 at the luminal side offer unique chemistry to this clay mineral. Biopolymers such as starch are considered biodegradable and non-toxic in nature. But their higher water permeability, poor mechanical strength, and rigid characteristics limit their applications in many fields. Halloysite and starch hybrid materials or composites have been demonstrated to improve on these properties and at the same time remain natural. They have a wide variety of applications such as tissue engineering, drug delivery and food packaging materials. Besides this, they have also been used as catalyst and flame retardant materials.
Halloysite Nanotubes, Starch, Nanocomposite, Nano-Clay, Nano-Biocomposite, Applications
Published online 6/2/2022, 20 pages
Citation: Farrukh Rafiq Ahmed, Muhammad Sikandar, Muhammad Harris Shoaib, Rabia Ismail Yousuf, Kamran Ahmed, Halloysite-Starch based Nano-Composites and Applications, Materials Research Foundations, Vol. 125, pp 152-171, 2022
Part of the book on Advanced Applications of Micro and Nano Clay
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