Thin Film Nanocomposite of Nanofiltration Membrane for Water Softening and Desalination


Thin Film Nanocomposite of Nanofiltration Membrane for Water Softening and Desalination

Muhammad Hanis Tajuddin, Muhammad Faris Hamid, Norhaniza Yusof, Ahmad Fauzi Ismail

This chapter discusses about nanofiltration (NF) membrane for water softening and desalination. The NF membrane system and thin film composite (TFC) membranes are discussed in general followed by their drawbacks. Next, recent trend of nanofillers in thin film nanocomposite (TFN) membrane is critically discussed and highlighted. The advantages and challenges of TFN membrane for water softening and desalination application are thoroughly analyzed. Lastly, the future directions of the TFN membrane for practical application are addressed.

Thin Film Nanocomposite, Nanofiltration, Desalination, Water Softening, Membrane Fouling

Published online , 44 pages

Citation: Muhammad Hanis Tajuddin, Muhammad Faris Hamid, Norhaniza Yusof, Ahmad Fauzi Ismail, Thin Film Nanocomposite of Nanofiltration Membrane for Water Softening and Desalination, Materials Research Foundations, Vol. 113, pp 69-112, 2021


Part of the book on Polymeric Membranes for Water Purification and Gas Separation

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