Transparent Conducting Electrodes for Optoelectronic Devices: State-of-the-art and Perspectives


Transparent Conducting Electrodes for Optoelectronic Devices: State-of-the-art and Perspectives

Abhijit Ray, Rajaram Narasimman

This chapter brings a concise review of the transparent conducting materials, films and electrodes (TCM, TCF and TCE, respectively), its state-of-the-art and outlooks ahead. Initial part of the chapter gives a general introduction of the topic, followed by a feasible road map as proposed and collated by the authors based on several other reviews. Fundamental physics behind the transparent conductors is discussed in the latter part. Established and potential oxide based TCMs, namely the transparent conducting oxides (TCOs) are reviewed which are being used commercially and will see application in the near future. Non-conventional TCMs, which are mostly non-TCOs, such as graphene, carbon nanotubes (CNT), metallic nanowires (MNWs) and their hybrids are described in brief. Scalability and large area fabrication which are most important concerns for commercialization of TCMs are discussed. The general prospects are given at the end.

Transparent Conductors, Thin Films, Metallic Nanowires, Graphene

Published online 5/1/2021, 37 pages

Citation: Abhijit Ray, Rajaram Narasimman, Transparent Conducting Electrodes for Optoelectronic Devices: State-of-the-art and Perspectives, Materials Research Foundations, Vol. 103, pp 77-113, 2021


Part of the book on Materials for Solar Cell Technologies II

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