Aerogels Materials for Applications in Thermal Energy Storage


Aerogels Materials for Applications in Thermal Energy Storage

Sapna Nehra, Rekha Sharma, Dinesh Kumar

Over the years, aerogel materials reduced thermal conductivity, so proved to be the key method for preventing large consumption of thermal energy. In the class of insulating materials, aerogels have been found, these materials reduce the intermorphosis of heat between ambient sol−gel and various drying methods. Due to Aerogel’s tremendous qualities, researchers and engineers showed keen interest in its construction. It showed various characteristics such as nano dimensions, minimum density, narrow, structured, small zero and exposed pore structure, forming through sol components in an arbitrary three-dimensional network. Notable, related to aerogel components, involves storage due to the significant capacity of thermal insulation and its minimum power of operation which means that heat can be stored for a longer period. Due to narrow structural entities, it easily captures light in the meso and nanoporous structure. Aerogels have a greater tendency regarding its heat storing efficacy, creating a simple nature, working consistency other than a commercial insulator. Therefore, this chapter focuses on aerogel’s new strategy, which is constantly trending to increase the efficiency of aerogels and improving diverse structurally designed openings, especially insulation effectiveness and low thermal conductivity. Herein, we reviewed the formation of porous aerogels by using carbon nanomaterials, and their corresponding materials comprise GO, rGO, and fabrication with polymer, biomaterial which intrinsically embedded in the aerogel structure to achieve outstanding thermal storage characteristics for higher thermal behavior.

Carbon Nanotube, Reduced Graphene Oxide, Polymerization, Thermal Conductivity, Thermochemical, Composite

Published online 2/25/2021, 24 pages

Citation: Sapna Nehra, Rekha Sharma, Dinesh Kumar, Aerogels Materials for Applications in Thermal Energy Storage, Materials Research Foundations, Vol. 98, pp 121-144, 2021


Part of the book on Aerogels II

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