Neutron Imaging, a Key Scientific Analytical Tool for the Cultural Heritage Project at ANSTO – Investigation of Egyptian Votive Mummies
Filomena Salvemini, Constance Lord, Candace Richardsdownload PDF
Abstract. Neutron imaging has been instrumental in the development of the Cultural Heritage project at ANSTO with many successful applications reported to date. In this study we focus on the investigation of Egyptian votive mummies conducted by combining neutron and X-ray tomography. Two wrapped ibis bundles produced during the Roman Period (30 BC – 364 AD) were studied to inspect their content and ascertain the state of conservation. A new insight in the manufacturing method and composition of the mummified packages was gained in a non-invasive way. Advantages and limitations of the neutron tomographic method were also explored.
Neutron Tomography, Non-Invasive Analysis, Cultural Heritage
Published online 1/5/2020, 6 pages
Copyright © 2020 by the author(s)
Published under license by Materials Research Forum LLC., Millersville PA, USA
Citation: Filomena Salvemini, Constance Lord, Candace Richards, Neutron Imaging, a Key Scientific Analytical Tool for the Cultural Heritage Project at ANSTO – Investigation of Egyptian Votive Mummies, Materials Research Proceedings, Vol. 15, pp 256-261, 2020
The article was published as article 40 of the book Neutron Radiography
Content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 licence. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI.
 N. Kardjilov and G. Festa, Neutron Methods for Archaeology and Cultural Heritage, Springer, 2017. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-33163-8
 U. Garbe, T. Randall, C. Hughes, G. Davidson, S. Pangelis and S. Kennedy, “A new Neutron Radiography / Tomography / Imaging Station DINGO at OPAL,” in 10 World Conference on Neutron Radiography 5-10 October 2014, 2015.
 F. Salvemini, V. Luzin, F. Grazzi, S. Gatenby and M. Kim, “Structural characterization of ancient Japanese swords from MAAS using neutron strain scanning measurements,” in Materials Research Forum, 2016.
 F. Salvemini, K. Sheedy, S. R. Olsen, M. Avdeev, J. Davis and V. Luzin, “A multi-technique investigation of the incuse coinage of Magna Graecia,” Journal of Archaeological Science: Report, pp. 748-755, 2018. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jasrep.2018.06.025
 F. Salvmeini, V. Luzin, F. Grazzi, S. Olsen, K. Sheedy, S. Gatenby, M.-J. Kim and U. Garbe, “Archaeometric investigations on manufacturing processes in ancient cultures with the neutron imaging station DINGO at ANSTO,” Physics Procedia, vol. 88, pp. 116-122, 2017. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.phpro.2017.06.015
 L. Bruno, The Scientific Examination of Animal Mummies in Soulful Creatures, E. Bleiberg, Y. Barbash and L. Bruno, Eds., Brooklyn: GILES, 2013.
 S. Ikram, Divine Creatures in Divine Creatures: Animal Mummies in Ancient Egypt, S. Ikram, Ed., Cairo: The American University in Cairo Press, 2005. https://doi.org/10.5743/cairo/9789774248580.001.0001
 S. Buckley, K. Clark and R. Evershed, “Complex organic chemical balms of pharaonic animal mummies,” Nature, no. 431, p. 294–9, 2004. https://doi.org/10.1038/nature02849
 J. Adams and C. Alsop, Imaging Egyptian Mummies in Egyptian Mummies and Modern Science, R. David, Ed., 21-42, 2008. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511499654.004
 E. Abraham, M. Bessou, L. Szentmiklósi, B. Maryelle and A. Ziéglé, “Terahertz, X-ray and neutron computed tomography of an Eighteenth Dynasty Egyptian sealed pottery,” Applied physics. A, no. Materials science processing, 2014. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00339-014-8779-3
 C. A. Raymond, J. J. Bevitt, Y. Tristant, R. K. Power, A. W. Lanati, C. J. Davey, J. S. Magnussen and S. M. Clark, “Recycled Blessings: an Investigative Case Study of a Re-wrapped Egyptian Votive Mummy using Novel and Established 3d Imaging Techniques,” Archaeometry, 2019. https://doi.org/10.1111/arcm.12477
 M. Dierick, B. Masschaele and L. Van Hoorebeke, “Octopus, a fast and user-friendly tomographic reconstruction package developed in LabView,” Measurement Science and Technology, vol. 15, no. 7, pp. 1366-1370, 2004. https://doi.org/10.1088/0957-0233/15/7/020
 “FEI,” [Online]. Available: https://www.fei.com/software/amira-avizo/] .
 L. Evans L, M. Hartley and C. Lord , Animals in Ancient Egypt: Roles in Life and Death in The Museum of Ancient Cultures Catalogue, Y. Tristant, Ed., Macquarie University Press, in production.