Two–Dimensional Graphene Materials for Supercapacitors


Two–Dimensional Graphene Materials for Supercapacitors

S. Hariganesh, S. Vadivel, Bappi Paul , B. Saravanakumar, N. Balasubramanian, Vikas Gupta

Application of two-dimensional graphene-based materials as electrode materials for supercapacitors has been discussed. The properties such as high specific surface area, excellent electrical conductivity and strength and flexibility etc., have made graphene and graphene composites as suitable candidates for fabricating the electrodes of energy storage devices. Even though graphene has been extensively researched in the past as an electrode material still there are some limitations to utilise it in practical applications due to high cost, standard procedure for capacitance measurement and the charge storage mechanism etc. We also aimed to discuss the improvement of the electrochemical and surface properties due to various synthesis methods, heteroatom doping, and composite formation with metal oxides/hydroxides, metal sulphides and conducting polymers. We have briefly accounted the 2D graphene-based materials, their charge storage mechanism such as EDLC or pseudocapacitance and novel designs in device fabrications that have been explored in the recent past.

2D-Graphene, Supercapacitor, Graphene Composites, Exfoliation

Published online 12/1/2019, 14 pages

Citation: S. Hariganesh, S. Vadivel, Bappi Paul , B. Saravanakumar, N. Balasubramanian, Vikas Gupta, Two–Dimensional Graphene Materials for Supercapacitors, Materials Research Foundations, Vol. 64, pp 63-76, 2020


Part of the book on Graphene as Energy Storage Material for Supercapacitors

[1] M. Chen, W. Li, X. Shen, G. Diao, Fabrication of Core-Shell α-Fe2O3@Li4Ti5O12 composite and its application in the lithium-ion batteries, ACS Appl. Mater. Interfaces 6 (2014) 4514–4523.
[2] D. Lindley, Smart grids: The energy storage problem, Nature 463 (2010) 18–20.
[3] S. Zheng, H. Xue, H. Pang, Supercapacitors based on metal coordination materials, Coord. Chem. Rev. 373 (2018) 2–21.
[4] D. Larcher, J. M. Tarascon, Towards greener and more sustainable batteries for electrical energy storage, Nat. Chem. 7 (2014) 19.
[5] P. Simon, Y. Gogotsi, Capacitive Energy storage in nanostructured carbon–electrolyte systems, Acc. Chem. Res. 46 (2013) 1094–1103.
[6] Chen, George Z., Supercapacitor and supercapattery as emerging electrochemical energy stores, Int. Mater. Rev. 62 (2017) 173–202.
[7] A. González, E. Goikolea, J.A. Barrena, R. Mysyk, Review on supercapacitors: Technologies and materials, Renew. Sustain. Energy Rev. 58 (2016) 1189–1206.
[8] J.R. Miller, P. Simon, Electrochemical capacitors for energy management, Science 321 (2008) 651-652.
[9] A.G. Pandolfo, A.F. Hollenkamp, Carbon properties and their role in supercapacitors, J. Power Sources 157 (2006) 11–27.
[10] P. Sharma, T.S. Bhatti, A review on electrochemical double-layer capacitors, Energy Convers. Manag. 51 (2010) 2901–2912.
[11] Y. Zhai, Y. Dou, D. Zhao, P.F. Fulvio, R.T. Mayes, S. Dai, Carbon materials for chemical capacitive energy storage, Adv. Mater. 23 (2011) 4828–4850.
[12] Winter M, Brodd R. What are batteries, fuel cells, and supercapacitors?, Chem. Rev. 104 (2004) 4245-4269.
[13] A.S. Aricò, P. Bruce, B. Scrosati, J.-M. Tarascon, W. van Schalkwijk, Nanostructured materials for advanced energy conversion and storage devices, Nat. Mater. 4 (2005) 366-377.
[14] A. Peigney, C. Laurent, E. Flahaut, R.R. Bacsa, A. Rousset, Specific surface area of carbon nanotubes and bundles of carbon nanotubes, Carbon 39 (2001) 507–514.
[15] J. Xia, F. Chen, J. Li, N. Tao, Measurement of the quantum capacitance of graphene, Nat. Nanotechnol. 4 (2009) 505–509.
[16] Q. Ke, J. Wang, Graphene-based materials for supercapacitor electrodes-A review, J. Materiomics 2 (2016) 37–54.
[17] X. Zhang, H. Zhang, C. Li, K. Wang, X. Sun, Y. Ma, Recent advances in porous graphene materials for supercapacitor applications, RSC Adv. 4 (2014) 45862–45884.
[18] W. Yang, M. Ni, X. Ren, Y. Tian, N. Li, Y. Su, X. Zhang, Graphene in supercapacitor applications, Curr. Opin. Colloid Interface Sci. 20 (2015) 416–428.
[19] W.S. Hummers, R.E. Offeman, Preparation of graphitic oxide, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 80 (1958) 1339.
[20] D. Maruthamani, S. Vadivel, M. Kumaravel, B. Saravanakumar, B. Paul, S. Sankar, A. Habibi-yangjeh, A. Manikandan, G. Ramadoss, Fine cutting edge shaped Bi2O3 rods/reduced graphene oxide (RGO) composite for supercapacitor and visible-light photocatalytic applications, J. Colloid Interface Sci. 498 (2017) 449–459.
[21] S. Stankovich, D.A. Dikin, R.D. Piner, K.A. Kohlhaas, A. Kleinhammes, Y. Jia, Y. Wu, S.T. Nguyen, R.S. Ruoff, Synthesis of graphene-based nanosheets via chemical reduction of exfoliated graphite oxide, Carbon 45 (2007) 1558–1565.
[22] S.I. Wong, J. Sunarso, B.T. Wong, H. Lin, A. Yu, B. Jia, Towards enhanced energy density of graphene-based supercapacitors: Current status, approaches, and future directions, J. Power Sources. 396 (2018) 182–206.
[23] M. Kim, H. Min, G.H. Park, H. Lee, Graphene-based composite electrodes for electrochemical energy storage devices: Recent progress and challenges, FlatChem 6 (2017) 48–76.
[24] H. Yang, S. Kannappan, A.S. Pandian, J.-H. Jang, Y.S. Lee, W. Lu, Rapidly annealed nanoporous graphene materials for electrochemical energy storage, J. Mater. Chem. A 5 (2017) 23720–23726.
[25] E. Senthilkumar, V. Sivasankar, B.R. Kohakade, K. Thileepkumar, M. Ramya, G. Sivagaami Sundari, S. Raghu, R.A. Kalaivani, Synthesis of nanoporous graphene and their electrochemical performance in a symmetric supercapacitor, Appl. Surf. Sci. 460 (2018) 17–24.
[26] A.A. Silva, R.A. Pinheiro, A.C. Rodrigues, M.R. Baldan, V.J. Trava-Airoldi, E.J. Corat, Graphene sheets produced by carbon nanotubes unzipping and their performance as supercapacitor, Appl. Surf. Sci. 446 (2018) 201–208.
[27] N.C. Deb Nath, I.-Y. Jeon, M.J. Ju, S.A. Ansari, J.-B. Baek, J.-J. Lee, Edge-carboxylated graphene nanoplatelets as efficient electrode materials for electrochemical supercapacitors, Carbon. 142 (2019) 89–98.
[28] Y. Liu, Y. Li, F. Su, L. Xie, Q. Kong, Easy one-step synthesis of N-doped graphene for supercapacitors, Energy Storage Mater. 2 (2016) 69–75.
[29] M. Li, Z. Wu, W. Ren, H. Cheng, N. Tang, The doping of reduced graphene oxide with nitrogen and its effect on the quenching of the material’s photoluminescence, Carbon 50 (2012) 5286–5291.
[30] Q. Zeng, Z. Ullah, M. Chen, H. Zhang, R. Wang, L. Gao, L. Liu, G. Tao, Q. Li, Assembly of highly stable aqueous dispersions and flexible films of nitrogen-doped graphene for high- performance stretchable supercapacitors, J. Mater. Sci. 52 (2017) 12751-12760.
[31] S. Yue, H. Tong, Z. Gao, W. Bai, L. Lu, J. Wang, X. Zhang, Fabrication of flexible nanoporous nitrogen-doped graphene film for high-performance supercapacitors, J. Solid State Electrochem. 21 (2017) 1653–1663.
[32] S. Kannappan, H. Yang, K. Kaliyappan, R.K. Manian, A. Samuthira Pandian, Y.S. Lee, J.H. Jang, W. Lu, Thiolated-graphene-based supercapacitors with high energy density and stable cycling performance, Carbon 134 (2018) 326–333.
[33] A. Ansaldo, P. Bondavalli, S. Bellani, A.E. Del Rio Castillo, M. Prato, V. Pellegrini, G. Pognon, F. Bonaccorso, High-power graphene–carbon nanotube hybrid supercapacitors, ChemNanoMat 3 (2017) 436–446.
[34] J. Qin, M. Zhang, S. Rajendran, X. Zhang, R. Liu, Facile synthesis of graphene-AgVO3 nanocomposite with excellent supercapacitor performance, Mater. Chem. Phys. 212 (2018) 30–34.
[35] L. Deng, J. Liu, Z. Ma, G. Fan, Z. Liu, Free-standing graphene/bismuth vanadate monolith composite as a binder-free electrode for symmetrical supercapacitors, RSC Adv. 8 (2018) 24796–24804.
[36] B.S. Singu, K.R. Yoon, Exfoliated graphene-manganese oxide nanocomposite electrode materials for supercapacitor, J. Alloys Compd. 770 (2019) 1189–1199.
[37] J.A. Argüello, J.M. Rojo, R. Moreno, Electrophoretic deposition of manganese oxide and graphene nanoplatelets on graphite paper for the manufacture of supercapacitor electrodes, Electrochim. Acta 294 (2019) 102–109.
[38] R. Xing, R. Li, X. Ge, Q. Zhang, B. Zhang, C. Bulin, H. Sun, Y. Li, Synthesis of 1,3-dicarbonyl-functionalized reduced graphene oxide/MnO2 composites and their electrochemical properties as supercapacitors, RSC Adv. 8 (2018) 11338–11343.
[39] Y. Cheng, Y. Zhang, Q. Wang, C. Meng, Synthesis of amorphous MnSiO3/ graphene oxide with excellent electrochemical performance as supercapacitor electrode, Colloids Surf. A 562 (2019) 93–100.
[40] X.H. Guan, M. Li, H.Z. Zhang, L. Yang, G.S. Wang, Template-assisted synthesis of NiCoO2 nanocages/reduced graphene oxide composites as high-performance electrodes for supercapacitors, RSC Adv. 8 (2018) 16902–16909.
[41] D. Vikraman, K. Karuppasamy, S. Hussain, A. Kathalingam, A. Sanmugam, J. Jung, H.-S.Kim, One-pot facile methodology to synthesize MoS2-graphene hybrid nanocomposites for supercapacitors with improved electrochemical capacitance, Compos. Part B Eng. 161 (2019) 555–563.
[42] D. Xiong, X. Li, Z. Bai, J. Li, Y. Han, D. Li, Vertically aligned Co9S8 nanotube arrays onto graphene papers as high-performance flexible electrodes for supercapacitors, Chem. Eur. J. 24 (2018) 2339–2343.
[43] B. Xie, M. Yu, L. Lu, H. Feng, Y. Yang, Y. Chen, H. Cui, R. Xiao, J. Liu, Pseudocapacitive Co9S8/graphene electrode for high-rate hybrid supercapacitors, Carbon 141 (2019) 134–142.
[44] J. Lin, S. Yan, P. Liu, X. Chang, L. Yao, Facile synthesis of CoNi2S4/graphene nanocomposites as a high-performance electrode for supercapacitors, Res. Chem. Intermed. 44 (2018) 4503-4518.
[45] X. Yang, H. Niu, H. Jiang, Z. Sun, Q. Wang, F. Qu, One-step synthesis of NiCo2S4/graphene composite for asymmetric supercapacitors with superior performances, ChemElectroChem 5 (2018) 1576–1585.
[46] T.W. Lin, T. Sadhasivam, A.-Y. Wang, T.Y. Chen, J.Y. Lin, L. Shao, Ternary Composite Nanosheets with MoS2/WS2/graphene heterostructures as high-performance cathode materials for supercapacitors, ChemElectroChem 5 (2018) 1024–1031.
[47] N. Pal, S. Chauhan, M. Mozafari, N. Singh, K. Meghwal, R. Ameta, S.C. Ameta, High-performance supercapacitors based on polyaniline–graphene nanocomposites: Some approaches, challenges and opportunities, J. Ind. Eng. Chem. 36 (2016) 13–29.
[48] K. Pal, V. Panwar, S. Bag, J. Manuel, J.H. Ahn, J.K. Kim, Graphene oxide–polyaniline–polypyrrole nanocomposite for a supercapacitor electrode, RSC Adv. 5 (2015) 3005–3010.
[49] A.V. Murugan, T. Muraliganth, A. Manthiram, Rapid, Facile Microwave-solvothermal synthesis of graphene nanosheets and their polyaniline nanocomposites for energy strorage, Chem. Mater. 21 (2009) 5004–5006.
[50] M. Khalid, L.T. Quispe, C.C. Pla Cid, A. Mello, M.A. Tumelero, A.A. Pasa, The synthesis of highly corrugated graphene and its polyaniline composite for supercapacitors, New J. Chem. 41 (2017) 4629–4636.
[51] L. Tang, Z. Yang, F. Duan, M. Chen, Fabrication of graphene sheets/polyaniline nanofibers composite for enhanced supercapacitor properties, Colloids Surf. A. 520 (2017) 184–192.
[52] A.M. Obeidat, A.C. Rastogi, Electrochemical energy storage performance of asymmetric PEDOT and graphene electrode-based supercapacitors using ionic liquid gel electrolyte, J. Appl. Electrochem. 48 (2018) 747-764.