Impact Joining of Metallic Sheets and Evaluation of its Performance

Impact Joining of Metallic Sheets and Evaluation of its Performance

Minoru Yamashita, Toshiki Shibuya, Makoto Nikawa

download PDF

Abstract. Similar or dissimilar metallic sheets were joined at their edges by the original impact joining method developed by one of the authors. Surface layers of both sheet edges activated by high-speed shear are immediately contacted with sliding motion in the joining process. The whole processing time is within a few milliseconds. The materials tested were mild steel and titanium sheets. Drop-weight impact testing machine was used. Joining performance of the fabricated sheets was evaluated by tensile test, etc. The joining was not available all over the thickness between sheets, in which sharp notch was observed near both sheet surfaces. The central portion was successfully joined without cavity. The joined specimen of mild steel and titanium was sliced to remove surfaces with such notch. Fracture occurs at the part of mild steel whose strength is lower, then the joining boundary was not damaged.

Impact Joining, Mild Steel, Titanium, High-Speed Shear

Published online 7/30/2019, 6 pages
Copyright © 2019 by the author(s)
Published under license by Materials Research Forum LLC., Millersville PA, USA

Citation: Minoru Yamashita, Toshiki Shibuya, Makoto Nikawa, Impact Joining of Metallic Sheets and Evaluation of its Performance, Materials Research Proceedings, Vol. 13, pp 91-96, 2019


The article was published as article 16 of the book Explosion Shock Waves and High Strain Rate Phenomena

Content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 licence. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI.

[1] H. Conrad, L. Rice, The cohesion of previously fractured FCC metals in ultrahigh vacuum, Metall. Trans. 1 (1970) 3019-3029.
[2] N. Bay, Mechanisms producing metallic bonds in cold welding, Welding Res. Supplement (1983) 137-142.
[3] D.R. Cooper, J.M. Allwood, The influence of deformation conditions in solid-state aluminium welding processes on the resulting weld strength, J. Mater. Proc. Technol. 214 (2014) 2576-2592.
[4] J.M. Allwood, Y. Huang, C.Y. Barlow, Recycling scrap aluminium by cold-bonding, Proc. 8th Int. Conf. Technol. Plasticity (2005) 311-312.
[5] H.Y. Wu, S. Lee, J.Y. Wang, Solid-state bonding of iron-based alloys, steel-brass, and aluminum alloys, J. Mater. Proc. Technol. 75 (1998) 173-179.
[6] W. Elthalabawy, T.I. Khan, Diffusion bonding of austenitic stainless steel 316L to a magnesium alloy, Key Eng. Mater. 442 (2010) 26-33.
[7] H.S. Lee, J.H. Yoon, C.H. Park, Y.G. Ko, D.H. Shin, C.S. Lee, A study on diffusion bonding of superplastic Ti-6Al-4V ELI grade, J. Mater. Proc. Technol. 187-188 (2007) 526-529.
[8] N. Ridley, Z.C. Wang, G.W. Lorimer, Diffusion bonding of dissimilar superplastic titanium alloys, Mater. Sci. Forum 243-245 (1997) 669-674.
[9] N.L. Loh, Y.L. Wu, K.A. Khor, Shear bond strength of nickel/alumina interfaces diffusion bonded by HIP, J. Mater. Proc. Technol. 37 (1993) 711-721.
[10] A. Lilleby, O. Grong, H. Hemmer, Experimental and finite element simulations of cold pressure welding of aluminium by divergent extrusion, Mater. Sci. Eng. A 527 (2009) 179-186.
[11] M. Yamashita, T. Tezuka, T. Hattori, Impact joining of similar and dissimilar metal plates at their edges, Applied Mech. Mater. 566 (2014) 379-374.
[12] S. A. Pyachin, A.A. Burkov, Formation of intermetallic coatings by electrospark deposition of titanium and aluminum on a steel substrate, Surf. Eng. Appl. Electrochemistry 51 (2015) 118-124.