Water as the Green Solvent in Organic Synthesis
Kartick Chandra Majhi, Paramita Karfa, Sunil Kumar, Rashmi Madhuri
The rising environmental awareness of the chemical society has forced researchers to find an alternative non-polluting medium and procedure for all kind of chemical synthesis. Use of safe and less toxic chemicals as the solvent is one of the most important criteria among the “green chemistry” principles. From a very long time, solvents are being used in large quantity in the chemical and pharmaceutical productions. Nature and properties of solvents are important parameters, which suggest the impact of the chemical industry on the environment as well as on all the other living systems. The purpose of using “green solvents” is to reduce or eliminate the toxic or lethal effects of chemicals on the environment. The continuous increase in the requirement of a more sustainable approach in synthesis procedures leads to an emerging interest in the use of water as a solvent. Use of water as a solvent in chemical synthesis is one of the best options in green chemistry, to minimize the release of harmful chemicals in the environment. Using water as a solvent, reactions can be performed under mild experiment conditions and the catalysts can be reused, which decrease the overall cost of the product. In this chapter, the importance of water as a green solvent and its involvement in various chemical and organic synthesis processes are described. Here, the main focus has been on the role of water in recent processes of (organic, nanomaterials and organometallic compounds) and polymerization processes. In all the discussed processes, water has been used as a safe, less harmful, cost-effective and environmentally friendly option as a solvent.
Green Chemistry, Green Solvent, Organic Synthesis, Nanomaterial Synthesis, Organometallic Compound Synthesis, Polymerization
Published online 8/20/2019, 20 pages
Citation: Kartick Chandra Majhi, Paramita Karfa, Sunil Kumar, Rashmi Madhuri, Water as the Green Solvent in Organic Synthesis, Materials Research Foundations, Vol. 54, pp 182-201, 2019
Part of the book on Industrial Applications of Green Solvents
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