Plant Cell Culture Strategies for the Production of Terpenes as Green Solvents
Mubarak Ali Khan, Tariq Khan, Huma Ali
Green chemistry implies the synthesis and design of fine chemicals of biological origin which can be used in industrial applications. Petroleum-based solvents such as n-hexane and toluene, etc. used in different extraction procedures have shown adverse effects on human health and the environment. The alternatives are the terpenes derived from essential oils have represented their potential as green solvents. The practical use of d-limonene and α-pinene in the extraction of oil from various substances has recently, been investigated as an alternative to petro based solvents. These volatiles are mainly produced in different parts of medicinal and aromatic plants. However, their limited productivity due to geographic variability and environmental fluctuations in natural plants does not meet the emerging industrial demands. In this chapter, the potential of different plant cell culture approaches for the enhancement of production of important terpene volatiles in different plants have been elucidated. Biotechnological methods which can improve the yield of essential oils through genetic engineering of the metabolic pathways responsible for the biosynthesis of terpene volatiles have been described with recent examples.
Essential Oils, Volatiles, Green Solvents, Terpenes, Cell Cultures, Callus Cultures
Published online 5/25/2019, 20 pages
Citation: Mubarak Ali Khan, Tariq Khan, Huma Ali, Plant Cell Culture Strategies for the Production of Terpenes as Green Solvents, Materials Research Foundations, Vol. 50, pp 1-20, 2019
Part of the book on Industrial Applications of Green Solvents
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