Wood, Bamboo and Palm Wood – Similarities and Differences in Research and Technology Development
Johannes Welling, Walter Liesedownload PDF
Abstract. Wood science has a history of several hundred years, bamboo research started in the of the last century and palm wood research is even younger. Consequently, there are differences not only in depth and width of knowledge, but also in the state of the art of conversion technologies and utilization options. There are considerable wood resources all over the world, but bamboo and palm resources are restricted to certain regions. Similarities and differences in research and technology development related to the three raw materials will be examined and expected future developments will be discussed. Technological progress needs time for a) development based on fundamental knowledge and practical experience, b) diffusion of knowledge into industry, and last but not least c) consumer acceptance and commercial breakthrough. Policy interaction may accelerate development and diffusion of knowledge, however in some cases may also impede or hinder the utilization of a specific raw material resource. While wood science and wood technology have reached a mature stage, research on bamboo and bamboo utilization is progressing rapidly; however, research on palm wood and, especially, the processing of palm wood and the utilization of palm products is still at an early stage. Existing knowledge and expertise around wood/bamboo science and technology should be used for speeding-up the development and realization of palm wood utilization options.
palm wood, wood, bamboo, technology development, fundamental knowledge, renewable resources
Published online 4/20/2019, 5 pages
Copyright © 2019 by the author(s)
Published under license by Materials Research Forum LLC., Millersville PA, USA
Citation: Johannes Welling, Walter Liese, Wood, Bamboo and Palm Wood – Similarities and Differences in Research and Technology Development, Materials Research Proceedings, Vol. 11, pp 83-87, 2019
The article was published as article 4 of the book By-Products of Palm Trees and Their Applications
Content from this work may be used under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 licence. Any further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the title of the work, journal citation and DOI.
 Ilse Jahn: Janssen, Sacharias. In: Werner E. Gerabek u. a. (ed.): Enzyklopädie Medizingeschichte, De Gruyter, Berlin/ New York , ISBN 3-11-015714-4, 2005, pp. 688.
 Sylvicultura oeconomica, Leipzig, Braun 1713 mit dem Zitat “nachhaltende Nutzung“ auf Seite 105 (Digitalisat der SLUB Dresden, Digitalisat der BSB München); Reprints: Freiberg, TU Bergakademie Freiberg und Akademische Buchhandlung (bearb. von Klaus Irmer und Angela Kießling), ISBN 3-86012-115-4, 2000.
 F. Kollmann, Côte, Principles of Wood Science and Technologie, Part 1 Solid Wood. Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg New York, 1968. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-87928-9
 F.W. Jane, The structure of wood, 2nd edition, completely revised by Wilson K and White D J B. A. & C., London, Black Ltd, 1970, pp. 478.
 D. Fengel, G. Wegener, Wood-chemistry, ultrastructure, reactions, Walter de Gruyter, Berlin and New York, 1984, pp. 613. https://doi.org/10.1163/22941932-90000910
 Ziang Zehui eds. Bamboo and Rattan in the World, China, Forestry Publishing House, Beijing, ISBN 978-7-5038-5109-4, 2007, pp 360.
 W. Liese, Köhl M. (eds), Bamboo-The Plant and its Uses, Springer, Heidelberg, 2015, Chapters 8,9,10: pp 227-364
 P.B. Tomlinson, The structural biology of palms. Harvard University, Harvard Forest, Petersham, Massachusetts, USA, 1990, pp. 477.